Civil War Chronology
1808 January –Slave trade was stopped.
1810 7,240,000 Americans were counted in the census. 20% were black.
1787 Constitutional Convention convened in Philadelphia. They decided that one member of the lower house should be selected for every forty thousand inhabitants of a state. A slave was to be counted as three fifths of a freeman.
1811 Slaves revolted in Louisiana.
1819 Missouri compromise which, for a short while, solved the sectional debates.
1820 During the 1820s Southerners became increasingly afraid of federal decisions over the rights of the states.
1821 -1831. The American Colonization Society established a colony abroad called Liberia. It was in West Africa and freed slaves were to be returned home. Few went.
1825 Uprising in New Orleans’. Sixty slaves had their heads cut off and displayed around New Orleans.
1828 The passage of the “Tariff of Abominations” in South Carolina angered the south. They were strongly for the right of an individual state to nullify federal law. This created tension between the North and South.
1829 David Walker published "Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World" which called for a slave rebellion.
1830 The First National Negro Convention met.
1831 Charles G. Finney and his followers asked people to attack such collective sins as alcohol, war, slavery, and others.
1831 Slaves under Nat Turner rebelled in Virginia and killed nearly 60 whites. This scared the southern slaveholder’s.
1831 The underground was allowing many blacks to escape from their masters.
1832 Virginia legislature voted against gradual emancipation.
1832-1833. A crisis erupted over South Carolina’s attempt to nullify the tariff of 1832. Jackson asked Congress to give him authority to use the army to enforce the tariff.
1833 Abolitionists founded the American Anti-Slavery Society.
1835-1842 Blacks fought alongside Indians in the Second Seminole War.
1837 Abolitionist editor Elijah Lovejoy was killed by a pro-slavery mob.
1847 Fredrick Douglas published a black anti slavery newspaper called "The North Star”.
1848 Feminists gathered at Seneca Falls and founded the women’s rights movement.
1849 California asked for admission to the Union as a free state.
1850 Congress debated sectional issues and enacted the Compromise of 1850. Henry Clay suggested to prohibit the buying and selling of slaves in the nations capital and for better enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Law.
1852 Harriet Beechers Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin was published and became a bestseller. Uncle Tom’s Cabin affected many people, primarily in the North.
1852 Franklin Pierce was elected president and decided to enforce the fugitive slave act.
1854 Congress passed Kansas Nebraska Act, repealing the Missouri Compromise.
1854 Anti-Nebraska coalitions scored victories in congressional elections in the North.
1854-1855 Free states and slave state fought for control over the Kansas Territory.
1856 As the Kansas got ready to vote, Southerners moved into Kansas and voted for it to be a slave state.
1856 Preston Brooks assaulted Charles Sumner with a cane on the Senate floor.
1857 Hinton R. Helper attacked slavery on economic grounds in "The Impending Crisis of the South." This book was suppressed in the southern states.
1857 Supreme Court ruling that no Negro could claim American citizenship.
1857-1858 Supreme Court Judge Dred Scott’s decision legalized slavery in all territories.
1858 Congress refused to admit Kansas to the Union under the pro slavery Lecompton constitution.
1858 The Lincoln and Senator Douglas debates were printed in many newspapers. Lincoln an eloquent speaker spoke out for the rights of people. These debates were widely read in the north.
1859 John Brown, a white man, raided Harpers Ferry and offered arms to any black that wanted them.
1860 Cotton prices reached an all time high.
1860 In the North free Blacks were treated as social outcasts and had little or no legal or political rights. Free blacks had difficulties in obtaining jobs and were denied passports. Several religious and women’s groups were pushing the issue slavery because they expected a gain from it themselves.
1860 December, South Carolina seceded from the Union.
1861 January to February, the rest of the deep South seceded and the Confederacy was founded.
1861 April, Fort Sumter was fired on.
The Civil War started.
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