Food allergy has become a concern amongst mankind in the recent years. Individuals allergic to certain food have to practice abstinence towards these foods. No treatment or cure is currently available for food allergies and hence the only means to remain symptoms free is to avoid consumption of food that might trigger an allergic reaction. This brings about the burden of reading ingredient labels on every packaged food product they purchase to ensure their safety. Although this might be a...
This gene codes for D2 subtype of the dopamine receptor. It is G-protein coupled receptor that inhibits adenylyl cyclase activity. A missence mutation in this gene is associated with myoclonus dystonia; other mutations have been linked with schizophrenia. Alternative splicing of this gene results in two transcript variants coding for different isoforms. A third variant has been described but it has not been determined whether this isoform is normal or because of abnormal splicing [4]. It is one...
All of the examinations designated as special or advanced procedures require the introduction of some type of material into the area of interest to provide contrast. this is necessary because the differences in density among the various in the body are too small to provide adequate contrast for visualization of anatomic details. to compensate for this, it is necessary to increase or decrease the density of the organ to provide the desired contrast. Approximately 90% of all contrast media used...
Unlike most manufactures, the tanner has no control over the supply or quality of his raw material. The supply of hides and skins depends on the level of meat consumption: the quality depends on the farming and abattoir. Because hides and skins are a by product and a commodity which in the internationally traded, prices are subject to very significant fluctuations,(farming and abattoir practices leading to impaired leather quality, leather trade house kings park road. Moulton park...
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of damentia, and estimates suggest that over 15 million people worldwide have this condition. The first symptoms usually occur in patients over 60 years of age. The causes of dementia include various diseases and infections, strokes, head injuries, drugs, and nutritional deficiencies. All dementias reflect dysfunction in the cerebral cortex, or brain tissue. Some disease processes damage the cortex directly; others disrupt sub cortical areas that...
Neurodegenerative disease is a condition characterized by the loss if neurons and glial cells within the spinal cord and the brain, and accumulation of intracellular fibrillary inclusions. These specialized neuronal and glial cells have maintained numerous functions in different physiological activities ranging from movement through to memory. Disruptions in cells of the nervous system do not regenerate successfully leading to irreversible changes and characteristic neurological disorder....
Microbiology: Microbiology is the science that deals with the microorganisms. It includes the study of the occurrence and importance of bacteria, fungi, protozoa and algae which are the beginning and ending of complex food chains upon which all life relies (Montville & Matthews, 2005). Food Microbiology: Food microbiology deals with the spoilage, contamination, and preservation of food. The study of food microbiology aids to understand inhabits, create, or infect food. The study of food...
There is an ongoing focus in biomedical and pharmaceutical research on the investigation of novel therapies for treatment of different forms of cancer. Given that some of these novel therapies may have potentially lethal consequences or may result in serious adverse side-effects, there is a desire to use pre-clinical studies in animal models to ensure a certain level of certainty of the treatments' safety prior to clinical testing in human subjects. At the present time this often involves...
Abdominal pregnancy represents a grave risk to the health of the pregnant woman. This is a case report of a 24-year-old primipara with repeated secondary abdominal pregnancy following ruptured tubal ectopic pregnancy. She had past history of heterotropic pregnancy following ovulation induction therapy. She delivered preterm quadruplets at home and visited the maternity hospital 1month 15 days later with acute abdomen. It was a secondary abdominal pregnancy from a ruptured rudimentary horn of a...
In June 2009, the World Health Organisation (WHO) announced a pandemic, caused by the influenza A (H1N1) virus commonly known as 'swine-flu' in UK. The symptoms of influenza infection (the swine-flu) are quite similar to that of a normal seasonal influenza namely fever, cold, cough, sore throat, chills, muscle and joint pains, loss of appetite and fatigue. The duration of illness is estimated to be between seven to ten days. Like other seasonal influenza viruses these H1N1 viruses cause severe...