The standard rules of genetic read-out are very well known and written in every Molecular Biology textbook (Baranov et al, 2002b). Unconventional decoding, commonly referred to as recoding is utilized by many genes, a list of which can be found on the Recode database (Bekaert et al, 2010). Recoding refers to the dynamic shifts between open reading frames and redefinition of codon meaning at specific sites, programmed by signals in m RNA, which permits versatility of gene expression (Baranov et...
A biomarker is a biological marker. It is an indicator to reflect and identify normal or diseased state of the body (biological state), such as organ function, progressions of a disease, and effects of treatment. They are separated into three specific types of biomarkers: biomarkers of exposure, biomarkers of effect or biomarkers of susceptibility. There are several desired characteristics for a biomarker. Sample collection should be simple and reliable for diagnostics. Blood, urine or saliva...
Combustion is initiated by heating a plastic material to its decomposition point. The three critical sources required to sustain combustion process are ignition source, fuel and oxygen. The combustion cycle can be stopped by isolating any of the above mentioned sources. Numerous combustible decomposition products like hydrocarbons, hydrogen and carbon monoxide are formed. Flame retardance is chemical that added in product as to prevent or protect the product from being damaged by fire accident....
ABSTRACT Background and Objectives: There is a profound inclination among people toward consumption of herbs and herbal products. Some of these products are harmful while health promoting potentials of some others should be discovered. In the present study the antibacterial, antioxidant, acute and subchronic and cancer cell toxicity of methanolic and aqueous extracts of Rosa damascena Mill. were studied. Material and Methods: Antimicrobial activities were determined by agar disc diffusion...
The purpose of this essay is to explain the genetic disorder sickle cell anaemia in detail. This essay will introduce the genetic disorder and evaluates information to make a recommendation for Jonathon's situation. Red blood cells (RBCs) contain an iron-rich protein called "Haemoglobin". Sickle cell anaemia is a blood syndrome that affects haemoglobin in the RBCs. It is needed to bring oxygen from the lungs to the body (Emel, 2010). Normal red blood cells have haemoglobin A....
Action potential in the heart involves different conductions of ionic currents, which plays an important role the heart's conductance pathway, contraction and relaxation of the ventricles, and also in determining the duration. In this dissertation, I will be mentioning about the different ionic currents and voltage-gated channels which are involved in the heart's action potential. Further research studies were done to expand the details on the roles of the specific ionic currents /...
Capsicum annuum is a herbaceous plant of the Solanaceae family. Capsicum is historically associated with the voyage of Columbus. Columbus is given credit for introducing chilli to Europe and subsequently to Africa and asia (Heiser, 1976). Capsicum annuum is widely cultivated throughout the world, more specifically in the tropical and sub-tropical regions. The fruits are rich in vitamin, especially in vitamins A and C. It is a very important and indispensable item in every kitchen for its...
ABSTRACT In the current era of evolutionary biology several species have undergone change in their genetic code distribution. Here a very simple way follows to describe how a species has gone under mutation at genetic level. The idea implemented on the species Euplotes with the help of comparative genomics analysis and some techniques like Clustal X and Phylip package. The purpose of analysis to find out the number of UGA codon in many Euplotes species and generate a phylogenetic tree with...
Due to high reactivity and exceptional adhesive characteristics of poly (alkyl α-cyanoacrylate), in recent years, alkyl α-cyanoacrylate monomers become more and more popular and have been widely used in various aspects of daily life. The α-cyanoacrylates with short alkyl chains are usually used as glue for repairing and do-it-yourself activities [1] while longer alkyl chain α-cyanoacrylates are commonly employed in biomedical field due to their biocompatible and...
Along with pulmonary tuberculosis now extrapulmoanary variety continues to be a major health problem in our country is emerging from the shadows of its senior cousin. Diagnosis of EPTB has always been a challenge..The aims of the present study was to detect the acid fast bacilli by zeihl neelsen and positive samples were confirmed by fluorescent staining from various unsuspected extrapulmonary specimens at our hospital,and to investigate their demographic characteristics. Aims: (1) To detect...