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In order to evaluate the performance of cypermethrin, fenpropathrin, bifenthrin and cyhalothirn, against spotted bollworm (SBW) (Earias spp.) at A Research Farm, Shahjahanpur, U.P. and at a farmer's field for the years 2007 and 2008, studies were carried out in Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. The data of the spotted bollworms was taken from fruiting bodies of 25 plants selected at random. Bifenthrin and cyhalothrin registered lowest number of spotted bollworm larvae 48...
A generic term cancer used to describe as many as 200 malignant diseases which occur in various tissues and cause variety of illnesses. Types of cancer known are almost equal to type of cells present in body. Regarding spread, incidence, and survival rates, each cancer has its own characteristics, however they share one common characteristic; that there is uncontrolled malignant cell division, generally from a single primary site (1).There are twenty three pairs of chromosomes present in every...
In the latter half of the 20th century most developed countries have an aging population and as a consequence, the numbers of people at high risk from cancer are increasing rapidly. Next to cardiovascular disorders, cancer is now the second major cause of death in the western world, and the most feared disease. Despite significant progress in the area of cancer treatment, there is also increasing awareness of the importance of early detection and diagnosis of malignant disease. Predicting the...
The increased resistance of pathogens toward existing antibiotics has forced the research efforts to introduce new antimicrobial substances. Drugs with new and less resistant-prone targets to antimicrobial activity have a high priority for drug development activities. Cell membrane seems to be a potential target for new antibiotic agent development to overcome resistance. In this study, a total number of 67 actinomycetes were isolated from the soil samples collected from desert, farming and...
Peptic ulcer represents a major health problem, both in terms of morbidity and mortality. Research advances during the last few years have offered new insight in the therapy and prevention of gastroduodenal ulceration by measures directed at strengthening the mucosal defense system rather than by attenuating the aggressive acid-pepsin factors held responsible for the induction of ulcers. The rise in gastric acidity and peptic activity are usually a manifestation of a physiological disturbance...
Silver salts are well established as antibacterial agents. However, silver colloids exhibit strong antibacterial and antifungal activity due to the high specific surface area and a high fraction of surface atoms compared to bulk silver metal [1]. Moyer et al. reported the use of silver nitrate solution for burn wound healing process [2]. Interest in this research field was increased dramatically with the discovery of several potential therapeutic applications for colloidal silver. In 1968, Fox...
In recent years there has been a significant increase in the clandestine production and supply of illicit drugs within the UK. Last year, a record 241,091 drug seizures were made by the Police and UK border agencies, 6% up on the previous year (1). With this increase in drug trafficking the need to establish connections between drug dealers and drug users has become of increasing importance (2). As suspected illicit drugs are commonly seized in the materials in which they are packaged (3), one...
Parkinson's disease is the second well known neurodegenerative disorder after Alzheimer's disease that hampers the motor activity in an aged patient. Increasing evidences reveal the nicotine administration has convincing neuroprotective rather than neurorestorative effect in PD patients. PD is largely characterized by a decline in nAChRs (mainly dopamine related) and largely affected nicotinic cholinergic system. There occurs a decrease in nAChRs in both demented and non demented patients with...
BN is a binary compound made of Group III and Group V elements in the periodic table. However, due to its specific structure and properties, BN is much closer to the C system compared to other Groups III- V compounds [1]. Zhi et al. [1] has reviewed the current literature on Boron Nitride nanotubes.The obvious and most appealing difference between BNNTs and CNTs is their visible appearance: BNNTs are pure white (sometimes slightly yellowish due to N vacancies) while CNTs are totally black, as...
As we all know, the blood brain barrier's main function is to regulate the diffusion of solutes between the central nervous system and the blood. Not only does it inhibit the passage of blood proteins into the central nervous system, but it also regulates the diffusion of vitamins, peptides, minerals, nutrients, free fatty acids, electrolytes and regulatory proteins in both the blood to brain and the brain to blood directions. The blood brain barrier does these things through several saturable...