There are great debates on whether animal experimentation is right or wrong. Some of those say that animal experimentation is unethical and animals are not treated humanely while being experimented on. Others say that animal experimentation is mandatory and is for the good of the advancement in science and reducing human suffering. Animal experimenting is wrong. These intelligent, sentient animals should not be tested on. Animals that are used in experiments are usually nothing like humans,...
In the recent years and with the increase of our planets temperature, the chances of flooding occurrence in a wide range of areas are becoming greater. This shows that serious measures should be taken to avoid the negative consequences caused by this issue. The primary effect that can threaten the plants life during flooding is the lack of oxygen caused by the water level rising to cover the root system through which the plants absorb the oxygen. During these conditions there are several...
Proper plant height is crucial for lodging resistance to improve the rice crop yield. In this paper, we report the identification of a novel plant height gene ph1 by map based cloning strategy. The ph1 gene was mapped to a region closely linked to semi-dwarf 1 on chromosome 1 with additive effects more than 50 cm on the plant height and 2 days on the heading date in a BC4F2 population and its progeny. ph1 was then fine mapped to BAC contig AP003227. Gene annotation indicated that LOC_OS01g65990...
The organism Clostridium difficile (C.diff) is a Gram positive rod, spore-forming anerobic bacterium. Carter, G.P., Rood, J.I., Lyras, D., (2010). The spores that can live in the environment for a long time. The prevalence of carrier state of the bacterium ranges from 0% to 3% in healthy individuals to 20% in hospitalized patients(McFarland LV, Mulligan ME, Kwok RY, Stamm WE. (1989)). The bacterium is also pathogenic in that it is associated with diarrheal diseases in multiple species...
Stroke could soon be the most common cause of death worldwide (Murray and Lopez, 1997). Stroke is currently the second leading cause of death in the Western world, ranking after heart disease and before cancer (Donnan et al., 2008), and causes 10% of deaths worldwide ([Anon], 2004). Despite a decade of intense public education and medical advancement, stroke continues to represent a major cause of mortality accounting for around 53,000 deaths every year (Stroke statistic 2009, British heart...
INTRODUCTION The Crystal arthropathies are a heterogenous group of disorders in which the primary pathology is the crystal deposition in joints and others tissues and organs. These intra-articular crystals, which can be intrinsic( uric acid) or extrinsic(corticosteroids) can lead to tissue inflammation and Joint damage by virtue of its biochemical and biomechanical properties. The synovial fluid examination for the crystals by polarizing light was first performed in 1961 by McCarty and...
A 50 year-old Asian male presented for an evaluation of rapid onset of pain and swelling in his right toe. The patient reported that he had two similar previous episodes with the same symptoms lasting four to five days and was treated by emergency physicians.The patient past medical history is significant for hypertension and treated with Hydrochlorothiazide.The review of systems was negative for headache, fever, chills, ortalgia, rash, sore throat, cough, rhinorrhea, vision changes, weight...
Influence of Ce3+/Ce4+ Ratio on the Oxidative Catalytic Activity of Cerium Oxide Nanostructures. Cerium oxide (Ce2O3 and CeO2) nanostructures have attracted considerable attention for their high oxidative catalytic activities and relatively large abundance in the earth's crust.1, 2 Cerium oxides have been applied in a wide range of important industrial applications including oxygen sensors, three-way catalytic converters, solid oxide fuel cells, the water gas shift reaction catalysts, and other...
Select a set of appropriate parameters for the Mascot searches to be undertaken. List these parameters and provide a brief explanation to justify your choices.The SwissProt option for Database field is chosen, as it is a high quality, well curated and annotated, low redundancy protein database. It is also integrated to other databases. The MSDB database will not chosen as it has not been updated in over 4 years and therefore considered obsolete. Enzyme selected is trypsin as per experimental...
Discuss the biochemistry that takes place within the red blood cell and how this biochemistry relates to the structure and function of the erythrocyte The primary function of a mature red blood cell (RBC) is the transport of respiratory gases to and from the tissues. To be able to do this effectively, the red cell has to traverse the microvascular system without mechanical damage and also retain its shape. Red blood cells (RBCs) have a tough yet highly flexible cell membrane and are also...