Renal artery stenosis is a chronic disease reported in 1-5% of hypertensive cases and 5-15% of end-stage renal disease cases. The prevalence of RAS (renal arterial stenosis) is <5% in genera population and in peripheral artery disease found to be 45%. Current treatment namely medical therapy, surgery, and precutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty have needed to further emphasize for the accurate detecting of stenosis. Intra -arterial digital substraction angiography (IA DSA) is the gold...
Honey has been used for thousands of years as food, medicine and in cosmetics. References to honey as a medicine are found in ancient scrolls, tablets and books - Sumarian clay tablets estimated to be from 6200 BC and Veda (Hindu scripture) of about 5000 years old. Early Egyptian were first to use honey as a component in the topical treatment of wounds as seen from their writings in the Smith papyrus (1650BC). They combined honey and animal fat to prevent bandages from drying out and adhering...
Tomato, also known as Solanum lycopersicum, is one of the oldest domesticated species of the human civilization. Tomato belongs to that family of plants whose all members have the innate ability of being domesticated. Today, almost all the regions of the world use tomato as a food product and majority also cultivate it as their main crop. It is a self-pollinating species of plants and both its seeds and pollens have strong and longer life spans as well as the ability to introduce different...
Introduction Over the years, an enormous number of approaches have been taken to facilitate the development of controlled release formulation. The rationales for such initiatives are to enhance therapeutic advantages while minimizing the adverse effects as well as to improve management of diseases by enhancing compliance and decreasing nursing time.(1) Extended release formulations are usually purported to deliver a drug to a specific site at a specific time frame in a desired release...
This report is written for my final year project as a literature review. Based on the subject - Preparation of CNT/Epoxy nanocomposite, a brief introduction of Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) and epoxy, a study of curing behavior of epoxy matrix composite and a detail review of preparation of CNT/Epoxy nanocomposite are given in this report. With its superior properties, CNT has a widely market to improve the performances of current materials in many areas.The main problem to manufacture CNT/Epoxy...
This article presents the development and evaluation of a new topical formulation of diclofenac diethylamine (DDA) as a locally applied analgesic lotion. To this end, the lotion formulations were formulated with equal volume of varying concentrations (1%, 2%, 3%, 4%; v/v) of propylene glycol (PG) and turpentine oil (TO) as permeation enhancers. These lotions were subjected to physical studies (pH, viscosity, spreadability, homogeneity, and accelerated stability), in vitro permeation, in vivo...
Is there a problem. During the past decade, outbreaks of infectious disease have been a major cause for concern, particularly in the developing countries where control is restricted by inadequate infrastructural and financial resources. It was noted that many of these emerging diseases are zoonoses (Frederick, 2008). That is, infectious diseases which are transmitted between humans and animals. Over 30 new human pathogens have been detected in the last three decades, 75% of which have...
As the technology node reaches in the Nanometer Scale, the device feature size get shrinks, which makes the localization of faults a complicated process. In this paper Faults Localization by non-destructive and non-contacting using Lock-in Thermography is addressed. A periodic electrical source is fed to get the thermal image using an IR Thermo-camera. By processing the image using a computer with Lock-in correlation factor an improved spatial and temperature resolution image is obtained. The...
Alzheimers disease (AD), also known simply as Alzheimer's, is a neurodegenerative disease. Characterized by progressive cognitive deterioration, together with declining activities of daily living and by neuropsychiatry symptoms or behavioral changes, it is the most common type of dementia.The most striking early symptom is the loss of memory (amnesia), which usually manifests as minor forgetfulness that becomes steadily more pronounced with the progression of the illness, with relative...
There are around 100,000 different substances registered in the EU market; the chemical industry is Europes third largest manufacturing industry, generating large economic profits and employing millions of people directly or in jobs dependent on it (European Commission, 2001).On the other hand, in the recent past some chemicals have caused serious damage to human health and the environment. The most infamous example is probably the abundant use of DDT, which (Carson) in her book Silent Spring,...