Malaria is an intermittent and remittent fever caused by a protozoan parasite that invades the red blood cells. malaria is transmitted to humans by mosquitoes. Mosquitoes are any of various two-winged insects of the family Culicidae, in which the female of most species is distinguished by a long proboscis for sucking blood. Some species are vectors of diseases such as malaria and yellow fever.Life cycle of Malaria.The plasmodium parasite is spread by female anopheles mosquitoes. When the...
Osmotic stress: Osmotic treatments using sorbitol induce high levels of Put and ADC in detached oat leaves (Flores and Galston, 1984). Spd and Spm show a dramatic decrease. Bouchereau et al. (1999) reports that osmotica with widely different assimilation routes, such as sorbitol, mannitol, proline, betaine and sucrose, all induce a rise in Put. These changes are coincident with measurable signs of stress, such as wilting and protein loss. Tiburcio et al. in 1995 reported that when peeled oat...
Cancer is characterized by uncontrolled growth of cells that can cause by many factors such as exposure to UV light, certain chemicals [1] and imbalance between oxidant and antioxidant [2]. Novel anticancer agent is one of the important treatments to fight against cancer instead of the surgery and radiotherapy [1]. Malaysia is known for its biodiversity with many plants possessing medicinal value [3]. T. crispa is known as batawali or seruntun in Malaysia, bratawali and andawali in Indonesia,...
Longevity is one the most basic properties of living organisms. Identification of genes that can regulate longevity will help understand the mechanisms of aging and facilitate anti-aging intervention to extend life span. In this study, we constructed a two layer prediction model of deletion effect to yeast longevity based on the graph features, biochemical and physicochemical features and functional features of deletion network derived from life span related genes. The accuracy for prediction...
To determine the markers associated with Cholesteatoma like Attic perforation / retraction pocket or posterior marginal perforation, presence of aural polyp or granulation tissue and chronic ear discharge not resolving with antibiotics. Material &Methods 100 patients of both sexes were selected from out patients department. Patients were operated for mastoid exploration. All patients were evaluated examined in usually way with otoscope and under microscope. Patients were evaluated for...
The discovery of Green Fluorescent protein (GFP) from a species of jelly fish Aequorea Victoria in the last few years has led to many uplifts and better understanding in to many fields of molecular and cellular biology. The proteins remarkable capability of fluorescence has proven to be a gateway to many experiments that were at halt, ever since its detection its has shown to have many intriguing properties and uses, among which include its use as marker for gene expression, provides a deep...
1 Introduction Recent years the synthesis of gold nanoparticles has been the focus of intense interest because of their emerging applications in a number of areas such as bioimaging, biosensors, biolabels, biomedicines, and etc. Researches are now focusing on nanotechnology-based approaches to meet environmental challenges. The grave concern for human health due to scarcity of clean water has stimulated research for obtaining pure water free from contaminants such as pesticides and...
Posttranslational modification is the chemical-modification of a protein after translation, which is one of the essential later steps in protein maturation for many proteins. Post-translational modifications such as methylation, acylation, glycosylation, phosphorylation, and sulfation, to name a few, serve many functions. As a consequence, the analysis of proteins and their post-translational modifications is particularly important for the study of complex diseases where multiple genes are to...
Most people may think that toxic shock syndrome, a very interesting and deadly disease, is not seen anymore. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) 1987 statistics show that this is incorrect, because toxic shock syndrome is seen in approximately 1-2/100,000 women (Department of Health, 2005). The CDC also states that 5% of people die from this disease (Department of Health, 2005). In 1995, Dr. Dennis L. Stevens wrote an article on Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome stating...
The UK population is ageing. The latest figures show that currently there are 10 million people over 65 in the UK, this is set to grow by around 5 million in the next 20 years and by 2050 there will be nearly 20 million elderly people in the UK (1). With this increasing number of people out of work and of increasing risk of age related diseases this puts an immense strain on the UK's economy with more people needing state pensions and healthcare. Two age related diseases that require a lot of...