Ultraviolet germicidal irradiation is the use of ultraviolet energy electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength shorter than that of visible light to kill or inactivate viral, bacterial, and fungal species. The UV spectrum is commonly divided into UVA (wavelengths of 400 nm to 315 nm), UVB (315 nm to 280 nm), and UVC (280 nm to 200 nm). The entire UV spectrum can kill or inactivate many microorganisms, but UVC energy provides the most germicidal effect, with 265 nm being the optimum...
A study was done on the performance of the UWI Sewage treatment processes, to see if the processes of treatment were being done properly that is it met the sewage effluent standards outlined by NEPA. Also the study was done to identify if the water was suitable for irrigation activities. This report focuses on the Acid Neutralizing Capacity, pH, cations, hardness and conductivity data collected between September and October 2010. The data collected was interpreted with respect to cation-anion...
Abstract Diamond-like carbon (DLC) films is a kind of emerging antibacterial biomaterial used for artificial implant to the human body. However, because the antibacterial property of DLC is not good enough, scientists try to improve the antibacterial property of the DLC. And the amorphous nature of DLC opens the possibility of introducing additional elements, such as Si, F, N, O and their combinations into the biomaterial [1]. Scientists always try to plate ion-implanted DLC on the surface of...
Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death in Europe, Baltic states, Russia, North and South America , Australia and New Zealand. Over 4,59,000 Americans die of coronary artery disease every year making it the number 1 cause of death in US .In the UK 1,01,000 deaths annually are due to coronary artery disease. So its important to detect the coronary artery disease at the right time. Then various treatments are recommended by the doctors. RFID-RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION is an...
This essay will be talking about six of the best selling drugs (avonex, zyloric, adalimumab, ventolin, nardil and glucophage), comparing their molecular targets, pharmacodynamic effects and therapeutic uses. A drug can be defined as any chemical other than food that would affect living processes. (http://www.elmhurst.edu/~chm/vchembook/650drugs.html). They have different site of actions, they either act on the cell where they bring about changes in biochemical reactions, acts outside the cell...
Bacteria are ubiquitous organisms meaning they can be found anywhere. They are incredibly resilient organisms capable of handing the most mundane to the most extreme environments. Examples of this can be seen in the abyssal waters of the ocean where "bacteria are thriving in waters whose temperatures are so high that other organisms would instantaneously melt from the temperature." (Madigan et al, 2006). This ubiquitous trait that all bacteria have enables them to be extremely...
Haemopoiesis is the formation of blood cellular components structure and build up, usually the development of these cells in adults occurs in the haemopoietic bone marrow which is located within the vertebrae, skull, sacrum and pelvis, proximal ends of the femurs and humeri, plus the ribs. In development the multipotential hematopoietic stem cell (hemocytoblast) divide into two lines the common myeloid progenitor and common lymphoid progenitor. Myeloid stem cells are precursors of all cells...
This report will examine two different types of hyperthermia in relation to the given case study. A 45-year-old female patient who has developed hyperthermia after receiving surgery; she is also on the prescription medications of citalopram and tramadol. To attempt to determine the type of hyperthermia suffered the causes, symptoms and treatments of the two types will be investigated. These are known as drug-induced hyperthermia and malignant hyperthermia. By examining these conditions we...
The dark silhouettes of skyscrapers stand out against a pale horizon. Above a pearl-white moon shines high in a sky of clear cobalt; below, a city rises up from the deep waters of the South China Sea. Birds take wing, soaring high above a harbor where small boats bob up and down in the undulating waters. Millions of lights twinkle in the twilight as Hong Kong awakens. Approximately six times as large as Washington, D.C., Hong Kong's land area is an estimated 1,104 square kilometers (Information...
Association rule mining finds interesting associations and/or correlations among large set of data items. Association rules show attributes value conditions that occur frequently together in a given dataset. Getting a proper association is vital in data mining. Data mining approach can be generally categorized in the following ways: classification, regression, time series, clustering, association rules and sequence discovery. As a very first step the paper talks about how to form the...