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Type II Diabetes Mellitus is a heterogenous condition characterized by the presence of impaired insulin secretion, insulin resistance and increased glucose production.7 India leads the world with largest number of diabetic subjects earning the dubious distinction of being termed the "diabetes capital of the world". According to the Diabetes Atlas 2006 published by the International diabetes Federation, the number of people with diabetes in India currently around 40.9 million is...
Polyploidy has played an integral role in the evolutionary history of plants, as well as vertebrates and other eukaryotes. Polyploidy is the condition where organisms that undergo meiosis have more than the usual two complete sets of chromosomes (Comai, 2005). Generally the polyploid organism has an even set of chromosomes, for example four is the most common number of chromosome sets and this is referred to as tetraploidy (Comai, 2005). Polyploidy occurs through several means including genomic...
As a cereal crop, rice has become the staple food for most human population in Asia, including Malaysia. Rice is a commodity that paramount importance in people uses every day. Rice, Oryza sativa L., belongs to the Poacea family. In Malaysia, it is grown in the Peninsular and on Borneo Island. About 300 500 hectares in Malaysia Peninsular and 190 000 hectares in Borneo Islands are devoted to rice production (FAO, 2002). Being a security crop, rice production in Malaysian is protected by the...
Introduction It is a rare inherited abnormality caused by a deficiency of the enzyme hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase ( HGPRT). This enzyme is involved in the recycling purines, which is the building block of DNA and RNA. Due to the deficiency of this enzyme, the breakdown of purines results in abnormally elevated levels of uric acid in all body fluids : both hyperuricemia high levels in urine, which manifests as severe gout and kidney problems, poor muscle control, and moderate...
The platelet derived growth factor along with the basic fibroblast growth factor belonging to the super family of growth factors plays an important role in many cellular functions like proliferation, migration and survival, an interactive crosstalk prevails between these two growth factors in an overlapping way (Pintucci et al 2005). The vascular smooth muscle cells have two distinct phenotypes the contractile and the proliferative one in both normal and pathological conditions respectively....
1975 Southern introduced the method for identification of DNA from gel electrophoresis called as southern blotting method. Parallel to it, there is a method to identify the DNA which was known as northern blotting. In years 1979 this blotting technique was called as western blotting technique. Year 1979-1980 says that, "electrophoresis proteins" can be moved to nitrocellulose can be analysed by nitrocellulose using various probes such as lectin and different antibodies. Basic criteria...
Where stomatal closure as a result of drought coincides with exposure to high photosynthetically active radiation, leaves are subjected to excess incident radiation relative to the available intracellular CO2. The rate of electron production therefore can exceed the rate of electron use in the Calvin cycle. Reactive oxygen species (ROS), such as the superoxide anion (O2), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), the hydroxyl radical (HO), and singlet oxygen (1O2), are therefore produced,...
Here is an illustration of how epilepsy can change the normal body temperature. Epilepsy can affect the normal body temperature, for example, during a prolonged convulsion, the person shakes excessively, and their body may indicate signs of: flushing, sweating and pilo-erection. During a seizure it may vary and often supplemented by sensations of warmth, coolness, or discomfort. Epilepsy can have an impact on your body temperature because of the convulsions which takes place during a partial...
Drilling is a widely used fabrication process in all industries. Aluminium 6061 is a hardened and extremely versatile heat treatable alloy. It has good mechanical properties and widely used in automobile, aerospace, manufacturing and construction sectors. A set of optimum parameters for the drilling on 6061 aluminium alloy can prevent the failure of products to be happened. The objective of this research is to investigate the optimum parameters for dry drilling process through response surface...
Characterization of antibiotic resistant bacteria in bathrooms vs. heavily trafficked areas using antibiotic agar plates, plasmid isolation procedures, and E. coli transformation Abstract With bacteria becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics, it is crucial to understand where higher concentrations of antibiotic resistant bacteria reside. This experiment attempted to determine whether bathrooms of Meijer, Burger King, and Déjà vu (ENVA) or the shelves at Meijer, the...