Atherosclerosis is a medical term derives from Greek, athere meaning gruel that soft consistency of the core of the plaque (mainly lipid), and sclerosis, meaning thickening or hardening in body artery. Cholesterol of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles is mainly lipid of atherosclerotic plaque that has left the circulation [1,4]. Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease, which featured by complex accumulation of lipids and rich plaques in the inner layer of the wall of an artery which is...
1. Introduction There are many biological methods for treating wastewater. Among them the most popular processes are suspended growth processes and the boifilm also known as attached growth . Both the above mentioned processes are used to treat wastewater by different mechanisms and variations in their principle of operation for removal of carbonaceous organic matter, nutrients (i.e. nitrogen and phosphorous) and production of biorenewable methane. Attached growth or fixed-film methods are...
For the nano-LED, the Ni on the suspended silicon tips and the ZnO nanostructure between the nanogap form a metal-semiconductor-metal junction. A typical MSM junction can be seen in Figure 5-1-1. Figure 5-1-1. Schematic diagram of a metal-semiconductor-metal junction. Basically, the MSM junction has the structure of two Schottky barriers connected back to back. When a voltage is applied, one of the contacts is reverse biased and the other is forward biased. As the voltage increases, the...
Hard water is water containing dissolved minerals. Calcium and magnesium ions dissolve in it as the water seeps through the ground. It increases the possibility of the formation of lime scale and therefore reduces the efficiency of the cleaning processes. This occurs because the heat transfer from the element to the water is reduced by the lime scale and makes the appliance less efficient. Many water softener products are available for consumers such as calgon, which are believed to reduce the...
Connective tissues are among the most widely distributed and abundant tissues in the body (Volk, 2010). These tissues are involved in many functions among which are providing shape and mechanical support of cells, modulation of cell migration, nutrient transport within and between cells, cell growth and differentiation. The basic components of connective tissue are ground substances, fibrous components and migrating cells (Connective Tissue, 2010). The fibrous component is made up of...
Abstract Pancreatic cancer (PCa) typically is associated with a poor prognosis and a shortage of molecular therapeutic targets. Notch-1 belongs to the Notch family of transmembrane receptors and is predominantly expressed in Pca, and the mechanism for its activation has not been elucidated. In search for the regulatory mechanisms of Notch-1 receptor intracellular domain (Notch-1ICD), the activated form of Notch-1 receptor, we investigated whether c-Src plays a role in the regulation of...
The two main cells in the nervous system are neurons and neuroglia. The neuron is the function unit for the nerve cell. In the neuron it has the following structure: cell body, one axon, and one or more dendrites. The cell body contains the nucleus and cytoplasm, the axon conducts impulses away from the cell body, and the dendrites do the opposite function and conducts impulse towards the cell body. The neuroglia is the support system for neurons. They protect the nervous system by digesting...
Wheat is the most widely produced cereal in the world. Only in the United Kingdom, wheat is the top produced cereal with a total production of 13221000 MT, followed by barley (5079000 MT) and oats (752277 MT) (FAO, 2007).What makes wheat so special in comparison to other cereals is their protein content, 80% of the total protein content is made of glutenins and gliadin they are known to be responsible for the formation of gluten when preparing the dough. Gluten is a sub microscopic network made...
Everyone have unique DNA fingerprint except identical twin and it can be used to distinguish between individuals. DNA profiling uses the non-coding sequence of DNA strands to perform the analysis. It can be used in both health and judicial system. The application of DNA profiling in judicial system is discussed only in this paper. The most common DNA profiling techniques are restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and polymerase chain reaction - short tandem repeats (PCR-STR). Nowadays,...
The term cluster has had a multitude of meanings and was once considered a description of a complex containing at least three metal atoms bound together by M-M interactions. As of late it has now been considered true to name any aggregate a 'cluster'.1 The carbonyl clusters of osmium are of huge importance to metal cluster chemistry largely due to its ability to form clusters with different nuclearities, ranging from one to eight metal atoms.2, 3 This is unusual in that the highest nuclearity...