The Plant material of Viscum capitellatum Smith. parasitism on Dendrophthoe falcata which is itself parasitic on M. indica was collected from Amba Ghat, Kolhapur, Western Ghat region of Maharashtra from India in November 2009. The collection are lies [Latitude 16o 58' 0.59"N and Longitude 73° 48' 36.61"E at altitude 1100m]. The plant specimen (Voucher no. 550) was authenticated by Dr. Vinay Raole, Reader, Department of Botany, M.S. University, Baroda, India.Pharmacognostical...
The experiment aimed to establish the pharmacological attributes of drug (B2) which is relatively unknown to many people. A more important thing to consider is the effect of Antagonistic in blocking the effects of B2. Another thing of utmost value is the question which tries to explain whether the effects and usefulness of B2 can actually be replicated in other drugs. It is paramount to understand that B2 is a drug which brings side effect as a result of interaction with the digestive substance...
Increasing antibiotic resistant bacteria is an important and prevalent issue facing the world today. Resistant strains such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are resistant to a broad-spectrum of antibiotics commonly used in today's society. To further investigate the issue at hand, feces of Felis silvestris catus were tested for anti-resistant bacteria. One feces had been treated with vaccines while the other had not been treated. The study was to test whether or not the...
The word allergy was coined in 1906 by two Austrians; Clemens Von Pirquet and Bela Schick, from the Greek words allos and ergos which mean other and work respectively. This was used to describe anaphylactic reactions observed in patients who received diphtheria anti-toxin. 1907 the biological amine Histamine was isolated and in 1927 it was identified in human tissue. Histamine was labeled as the causative agent of these reactions. This association led to a scientific search to counteract the...
They hear a beating heart, rapid and vibrant, the pace accelerating every second. They feel around the walls lined with metal cages, a banal laboratory with no available comfort. A taste of dry air and a smell of empty loneliness infuse their noses and mouths. Now the scientists see innocent animals trapped and scared, away from their natural habitats as research is collected. The animals do not know their fate, but the public is aware of the experimentation they must undergo. Millions of...
Enzymes are bio-catalysts and are used in several industrial processes since nineteenth century. Its use in textile industry is an example of industrial or white revolution. Enzymes, due to their non-toxic and eco-friendly characteristics, have gained wide applications in textile industry. Not only they are highly specific, efficient and work under mild conditions but also they help reduce process times, save energy and water, improve quality of product and reduce pollution. As a result they...
The purpose is , determining whether amino acids or proteins are present in solution and amino acids are carrying a free amine group by using biuret test, ninhydrin test, xanthoproteic test and heavy metal precipitation test.THEORY :Proteins are organic compounds made of amino acids.The amino acids joined together by the peptide bonds.Proteins have three dimensional structures. Primary structure is the amino acid sequence.Secondary structure , alpha helix, beta sheet . Secondary structures are...
The entire world is full of pathogens which we need to fight off to leave a normal life. Due to this, we have an immune system that helps us fight off and prevent/manage subsequent infections. Our immune system can be classified into two, the innate and acquired immune responses. The innate immune response is broadly specific and provides the first defensive action against any infection. Their response to any subsequent infection stays the same as the initial infection. In contrast, the...
Experiments was carried out with Blackgram urd bean Variety TNAU Co 6 to Study the Effects of gamma rays and EMS on seeed germination and survival, pollen and seed fertility, plant height, no of primary branch no of cluster per plant,no of pod per plant ,pod length, no of seed per plan, hunder seed weight, and yield per plant in M1generation and progressive reduction in germination and survival percentage, pollen and seed fertility and yield related triats were observed in the mutagenic...
Genetically modified food, also known as GM food refer to foodstuff such as animals or plants that had their genetic makeup altered to make them grow bigger, stay fresher and other benefits that will make human life more simple. The concept of genetically modified (GM) foods has existed for many years. Cross-breeding of plants, such as different types of corn, has been applied before with the purpose of transferring a desirable trait from one plant species to another (Whitman, 2000). However, a...