Sugar beet industries produces sugar beet pulp as a by product. EU only produces the 108 ton per year (Spagnuolo et at. 1997). Sugar beet pulp should be important renewable resources, its bioconvertion resources appeares to be of great biotechnological importance. Almost 250 kg of exhausted pressed pulp producing when 1 tone sugar beet pulp use, with the water content aproximetely 75-80% (Spagnuolo et al. 1997). The lignocellulosic fractional of dried pulp composed of 3 to 4 % lignin, 24 -32%...
Microbes play an important role in peoples everyday lives. They are responsible for diseases such as the common cold, and are important in the food industry in items like yoghurt and bread (Willey et al. 2008). Another place that microbes live is in soil. Microbes that inhabit the soil are less obvious to people, but not any less important. These microbes play critical roles in nutrient cycling and decomposition (Whitman et al. 1998). Without these processes, plants, and therefore animals and...
Genetic engineering is defined as the technology whereby the genes of an organism are manipulated directly. The structure and the characteristics of a cell are altered directly through the use of transformation and molecular cloning techniques. The term genetic engineering originated from Dragon's Island, a science fiction novel written by Jack Williamson and published in 1951. Scientists have advanced in the field of genetic engineering. After the successful cloning of animals, they are now...
Aldosterone is a mineralcorticoid that is secreted by cells of the adrenal cortex. Aldosterone has multiple effects on multiple organ systems, including maintaining sodium, potassium, and acid-base balance in the kidney (Good 2006) and colon (Harvey 2002). Aldosterone is traditionally known to mediate its effects by genomic mechanisms, which consists of altering RNA transcription and protein synthesis. However, aldosterone can also mediate rapid, non-genomic effects by activation of multiple...
Achieving his own biological child is only possible for an azoospermic man as long as he produces sperm or sperm precursors in the testicles. In Denmark it is not allowed to use sperm precursors for fertilization of oocytes. In order to optimize the testicular sperm extraction procedure (or in particular cases: epididymal sperm aspiration) on those men where the biopsy actually contains useful spermatozoa, the role of a lot of hormones and growth factors including Follicular Stimulating Hormone...
Ischemic heart disease is one of the clinical problems causing myocardial damage, arrhythmias and stunning. Reperfusion through thrombolysis or percutaneous coronary angioplasty is a standard treatment in impending acute myocardial infarction [1]. Growing evidence from both animal experiments and clinical observations indicates that apoptosis plays a key role in myocardial I/R injury [2-4]. Recent studies demonstrated that blocking the signal transduction leading to apoptosis significantly...
According to Tantisira Weiss, an estimated 300 million individuals worldwide are affected with asthma (Tantisira &Weiss, 2006). Asthma is a clinical disease characterized by the inflammation, reversible airways obstruction, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness (Tantisira & Weiss, 2006), Umetsu & Dekruyff(2006) , added that asthma was an immunological disease and that it has increased dramatically in it prevalence over the past two decades. They continued by saying that this...
Diabetes mellitus is a group of syndromes characterized by hyperglycemia, altered metabolism of lipids, carbohydrates and proteins, and an increased risk of vascular disease. [1] Diabetes mellitus is considered one of the five leading causes of death in the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) has predicted that the worldwide number of patients with diabetes will be double by the year 2025, from the current number of approximately 150 million to 300 million. (World Health Organization,...
Polymers are combination of repeating units or mers, normally under condensation process. Biopolymers are biodegradable polymers which are nontoxic and can be decomposed by natural process. The origin of biopolymers is either from synthetic or renewable natural source. The main advantage of biopolymers is their biodegradability property which allows the polymers decomposed in living cells without causing inflammation and does not release harmful toxin. Thus, biopolymers are widely use in...
The biochemical and haematological effects of the seed powder of Mucuna pruriens in male rats were evaluated to establish some biological properties of this potential biopesticide currently undergoing investigation. The result showed that Mucuna pruriens seed extract produced a significant (P<0.05) increase in white blood cell (WBC) count, as well as in bilirubin concentrations, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), protein and creatinine levels measured. Uric acid, alanine aminotransferase (ALT)...