Air pollution can be define as the presence of air contaminants in outdoor atmosphere in the form of dust, fumes, gas, mist and others which may threaten or injurious to human, property, plant or animal life (Peavy, pp417). Nowadays a rapid industrial activity such as cement plant has added loads of pollutants to environment (CPCB India, 2004; Melaku et al, 2005; Kansal et al, 2009). In cement industry, huge amount of heavy metals are emitted from handling, spillage and leaking (Abdul-Wahab...
Living things requires a continuous throughput of energy. Bioenergetics describes how the organism gain, channel and use this energy. Nearly all biological processes involve protein-protein or protein-ligand interactions that drive the formation and disassembly of intracellular signaling pathways with the release or absorption of heat. If unregulated, this will result in diseased condition. The structural information obtained through x-ray crystallography and NMR spectroscopy shed no light into...
Bij NLD gaan leer- en gedragsproblemen samen. Kinderen met NLD bezitten in het algemeen een rijke woordenschat, een goed geheugen voor verbale informatie en soms een uitzonderlijk geheugen voor specifieke cijfergegevens als geschiedkundige data of cijferweetjes uit de biologie of aardrijkskunde. Het technisch lezen en spellen lukt behoorlijk. Opvallend zwakker zijn de rekenvaardigheden, vooral wanneer er een beroep wordt gedaan op integratie van talige en visueel-ruimtelijke aspecten. Zij...
Background: Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women and is one of the leading causes of cancer related deaths worldwide. Although many risk factors have been identified, the aetiology of 50-80% of breast cancer cases remain unknown. This has resulted in an attempt to identify other possible causes of breast cancer such as viral infections. The aim of this study is to investigate the association of high risk human papillomavirus types 16 and 33 with breast cancer....
Rice is the staple food for half of the world's population especially in oriental countries. In India, about 2500 varieties of rice are being cultivated, from which more than 1500 varieties are in southern India which are preferred over others, owing to their high yield, good quality and quantity of grain, short duration of growth and resistance against pest and diseases. A large number of experiments have been conducted in several countries to investigate the effect of inoculation of various...
The definition of dementia refers to progressive impairments of previously intact mental faculties. The most prevalent cause of progressive impairment in the elderly is Alzheimer's disease (AD). AD is described as a subtype of dementia that exhibits a progressive neurological disease characterised by memory loss, behavioural changes, and global functional impairment in activities of daily living (McKhann, Drachman, Folstein, et al., 1984). The World Health Organisation uses the ICD-10...
By measuring the potentials of various electrodes versus stand ard hydrogen electrode (SHE), a series of standard electrode potentials has been established. When the electrodes (metals and non-metals) in contact with their ions are arranged oh the basis of the values of their standard reduction potentials or standard oxidation potentials, the resulting series is called the electrochemical or electromotive or activity series of the elements. By international convention, the standard potentials...
Introduction The heart is an efficient machine that supplies the body with oxygenated blood and recycles unoxygenated blood (Weedman, 2009). Unoxygenated blood comes into the heart, is pumped to the lungs, oxygenated, and then returned to the heart to be pumped to the rest of the body (Weedman, 2009). Blood pressure (BP) can be found by measuring systolic over diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure is the pressure in the blood vessels while the hearts beats while diastolic pressure is measured...
Soil salinity is a serious concern for productivity and landscape quality in arid and semi-arid regions, as a consequence of high concentrations of ions (Benata et al, 2008) .Salt tolerance has been partially linked to the regulation of shoot Cl- and Na+ concentration (Teleisnik and Grunberg, 1994), and it has been suggested that the growth under salinity stress is result of processes such as ion transport and compartmentalization and synthesis and accumulation of osmotic solutes (Viegas et al,...
Cell culture known to be complex process by removal of tissue or cells from plants, animals, microbes (such as bacteria and viruses), and fungi process them by growing them in specific conditions and atmospheres. In the 19th century scientist discovered the way of maintaining live cell lines taken from the animals tissue, since that days animal cell culture became world widely available as a technique for scientist [1]. Principle of tissue culture was established by Wilhelm Roux In 1885, he...