Glass Ionomer Cements is produced when ion-leachable calcium alumino-silicate glass powder that has fluoride is reacted with polyalkenoic acid. In recent times, the utilizing of Glass Ionomer Cements has been widespread in dentistry since GIC can be adapted by joining it with a number of materials and its properties may be additionally enhanced. Generally, Glass Ionomer Cements are categorized into three major classes: conventional, metal-reinforced along with resin-modified.4, 7 Glass Ionomer...
In mitochondria pyuvate is made from glycolysis and is imported into the mitochondria and oxidised by O2 to CO2 and H2O. 15 times more ATP is made than produced by glycolysis. Mitochondria use both pyuvate and fatty acids for fuel. Both pyuvate and fatty acids are transported across inner mitochondrial membrane and converted to acetyl coA by enzymes in mitochondrial matrix. These enzymes are then oxidized via the citric cycle. This cycle converts acetyl coA to CO2. This oxidation produces...
AP Biology Lab Photosynthetic activity Purpose One purpose of this lab is to test the effect of light intensity on photosynthetic activity. Another purpose of this lab is to test the effect of boiled versus unboiled chloroplasts on photosynthetic activity. Variables1:Independent-The independent variable is the light intensity (presence or absence of light).Dependent-The dependent variable is the percent transmittance (%). This will be measured by a colorimeter.Controls-Same Volume of total...
This paper discusses the topic of ovarian cancer. It states explanations as to how ovarian cancer forms and whom it affects. There are statistics to give an overview of how many people are affected by it. Some treatments and preventions are included as well as a diagnosis. It is said that females that are older have a higher risk of getting ovarian cancer, half of the cases are found in women over the age of 63. Genetics play a major role in your risk of receiving it. This displays that there...
The method described by Lorke with slight modification was used to determine the safety of the MEA. Briefly, normal healthy male mice were divided into groups of five mice in each cage. MEA (100 and 1000 mg/kg) or vehicle were intraperitoneally administered. Access to food and water, toxic symptoms and the general behavior of mice were observed continuously for 1 h after the treatment, intermittently for 4 h, and thereafter over a period of 24 h. The mice were further observed for up to 14...
Cancer is arguably the deadliest disorder to inflict mankind. Early stage Cancer detection is of the utmost importance, as it becomes virtually impossible to cure in its advanced stages of oncogenicity. Cancer Diagnosis can be done by various methods ranging from invasive to non-invasive methodologies. Nuclear diagnostic methods are the most reliable and widely used methods. SPECT and PECT are two such widely used methods for cancer detection and tumour visualisation. These methods are also...
Herpes viruses are a large family of viruses affecting a wide range of organisms Boyne and Whitehouse, 2006. There are a-, b-, and also y- subgroups within the herpes viruses which are assorted according to their genetic sequences and biological features. The γ subfamily includes several critical pathogens that have an association with oncogenesis. Within the γ subfamily there are two classes, γ-1 and γ-2 herpes viruses (Boyne and Whitehouse, 2006). The γ-2 herpes virus is symbolized...
Analysis 1. The solubility and the intermolecular bonds formed between the solute and the solvent are involved in the separation of pigments as it moves through a filter paper. 2. The Rf values would be different if a different solvent was used because the solvent would have different characteristics which affects the capillary action (because the Rf value is distance pigment migrated (mm) / distance solvent front migrated (mm), the capillary action would have a large impact on the Rf value),...
Honey was used as medicine ages before history was written. Most of the oldest rock art from different places around the world like Africa, Australia, India, Spain and Sri Lanka explained the collection of honey. It was used by ancient Egyptians as it was recorded in the Edwins Smith surgical papyrus which was believed to be written in a time earlier than 1700 BC. (Ruth et al, 2006). The text was discovered to be a surgical text book containing 48 cases and the way to treat them. Honey was...
1.0 INTRODUCTION Traditional and alternative medicine is extensively practiced in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of various illnesses. It regains public attention from the past 20 years as this type of medicine is easily accessible in some regions. A postulation denoted that by 2010, at least two-thirds of Americans will opt for alternative therapies (Humber, 2002). In poor countries such as in Asia and Africa, only half of the people are provided with limited essential...