The first step of any research is to analyse the previous researcher literature and theories. The literature review gives the researcher the idea and gap on the research as well as the understanding of the research topic which help the researcher to focus towards the conclusion. As a part of this research various research on corporate social responsibility are reviewed and analyse to get the gap on the previous research and try to fill that gap on this research project. The study conducted by...
Organizational culture can be define as the basic assumption and beliefs that are shared among members of an organization, that operate unconsciously and communicate in a basic taken for granted ways of doing things an organization's view of itself and its environment (Schein cited in Johnson, Scholes, & Whittington 2008). Likewise, George & Jones (2008) argued that organizational culture influences the way employees think, feel, and behave toward each other and toward people outside...
Before 1980, under the presidency of Mao Tse Tong, China was a country completely closed to the world with a rigid and communist government. After that date, Deng Xiao Peng and the post-Mao government established a new foreign economic policy and announced that "China would open to the outside world" (Pearson, 1991). This new "open-door" policy only allowed contractual JVs (as lower risks) and China provided foreign investors with a specific partner. In the first years of...
The aim of the following literature review is to identify the most important and knowledgeably important academic and practical works throughout the past decade upon the concept of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and Ethics. The report should gradually flow thought the history of the concept, definitions, academic and practical view of various writers, including the appraisals and criticisms as well as real live examples if applicable. Moreover, draw certain linkages towards the other...
In business, there lies a seamless linkage between business opportunity, entrepreneurship and innovation. Each of them leads to the other regardless of how one chooses to swap them around. In other words, a business opportunity will always be spotted by an entrepreneurial mind. And by definition, every business opportunity is, to some extent, an innovation (Lindmark, 2006). To understand this position clearer, the linkage of the three, is to look at the definitive elements in these three...
The literature review sectionTASK IIINTRODUCTION In the literature review section we would be reviewing the literature review section of two books namely DOING BUSINESS RESEARCH by Nick Lee and Ian Lings and RESEARCH METHODS FOR BUSINESS STUDENTS by Mark Saunders, Phillip Lewis and Adrian Thornhill.COMPARISON OF LITERATUREThe book Research Method for Business Students starts with the learning outcomes of the chapter which is to understand the importance of review ,to know what needs to be...
There exist different leaders with disparities in disposition, conceptualization as well as leadership styles. Leaders are meant to provide guiding vision in professional as well as personal matters. A competent leader should exude integrity which encompasses maturity, self knowledge or even candor. Being daring allows a leader take risks of experimenting with new things thereby getting new insights and ideas from the errors incurred. A leader of moral reasoning and futuristic destiny drives...
Verizon Communications based in New York and incorporated in Delaware, was formed on June 30, 2000 with the merger of Bell Atlantic Corp and GTE Corp. The mergers that formed Verizon were among the largest in U.S. business history. Verizon's mission is to enable people and businesses to communicate with each other. Verizon is also committed to providing full and open communication with their customers, small and medium-sized businesses and wholesale customers in 28 states, including Washington,...
The Salvation Army is well known as a charitable organisation which is distinguished for its remarkable range of activities and numerous characteristics. It was established in London by William Booth and his wife Catherine in 1865. In 1878, it changed its deployment to a quasi-military structure and entitled it as "The Salvation Army". As an evangelical part of the universal Christian Church, The Salvation Army identifies its mission is to bring Christian salvation and preach the...
These make the role of corporate citizenship (which is traditionally called corporate social responsibility) a vital instrument for a long-term success of corporations; it has become an important practitioner-based movement in recent years (Windsor, 2001, p. 39). Some interviews proved the fact that corporations tend to become "corporate citizens" for the purpose of satisfying the needs and preferences of the customers and the communities these companies act in (Mecking, 2008, pp....