London Underground has many arrangements to help employees to maintain work life balance. In late 2002 LU has published the flexibility working guide in which points out that flexible working scheme is valid to circumstances where staffs can apply to change their working hours or pattern of work to meet family or other related responsibilities. Flexible working scheme would enable us to retain skilled staff and probably help to reduce recruitment costs, increase staff confidence and reduce...
Information systems gained popularity as these automate all management related function that an organisation needed. Large organisations implement ERP information systems that integrate all data and processes together. With increase in popularity of SMEs (Small and Medium Enterprises) and their collaboration with large enterprises, SMEs needed an ERP system which at first can automate all of their business functions and secondly they can work with large enterprises. However their successful...
There has been an ever growing concern about the way the people are looked and managed in an organisation. It is about how much value or importance is really being given to the mankind. Most of the business organisations today are merely concerned about their business plan which is only about increasing their employee's output levels in order to have increased profits. Most of the managements in the business organisations does not really care a damn about its employees, be it about knowing...
Strategic management is one of the most key human activities. From the time human beings began forming social organizations to accomplish aims and objectives they could not achieve as persons, managing has been necessary to ensure the ordination of individual efforts. As society constantly relied on group effort, and as any organized groups have become large, the task of managers has been increasing in importance and complexity. Henceforth, managerial theory has become crucial in the way...
There are two types of forces which produce dynamism in any organization and bring change in it; one force is intentional in which managers or leaders formulate strategies, make decisions, and implement them. The purpose of this is to drive the organization towards their desired goal. Second type of forces is undesirable and unintentional but that can bring significant organizational change. These forces are sometimes the barrier of the desirable Strategic route. To response such forces in an...
Judge, Timothy A. and Bono, Joyce E. (2001). Relationship of Core Self-Evaluations Traits-Self-Esteem, Generalized, Self-Efficacy, Locus of Control, and Emotional Stability--With Job Satisfaction and Job Performance: A Meta-Analysis. This article presents results of the relationship of 4 traits: self-esteem, generalized self-efficacy, locus of control, and emotional stability (low neuroticism): with job satisfaction and job performance. Hence, it hypothesizes that: H-la: Self-esteem is...
Managing operations in an organization is a process which is critical for ensuring efficiency in various activities being carried out by the organization. The process focuses on finding ways of minimizing the cost and time that is utilized in performing a particular operation. It also focuses on synchronization of the different activities of the organization to ensure optimal utilization of the resources of an organization. Strategy is the plan of action decided upon by the management for...
Business can be influenced by many different external stimuli, for example, recession in economy would put a direct effect on any business, moreover, national economy downfall, inflation rates would put and adverse effect on the business too. Besides, what turned out to be an adverse effect for many companies, it became a beneficial point for Domino's pizza, becoming one of the leading and dominant pizza service on earth. Domino's Pizza results have shown the enough proof that in time of...
Unilever began with British soap-maker company named Lever Brothers. Their revolutionary action in business was by introducing the Sunlight Soap in 1890s. That idea was from William Hesketh Lever, founder of Lever Brothers. This idea helped the Lever Brothers become the first company that help popularise cleanliness in Victorian England. Moreover, the product rapidly emulated globally after that it was a success in UK and made Lever Brothers obtained more business worldwide. One of the reasons...
This essay is writing about organisation behaviour which is widely used both in past and contemporary society in business field. Firstly, it will be benefit to know what is organisational behaviour and why it exist. Secondly, what are managers and effective managers should be addressed to know, as well as their functions. Lastly, the contemporary issues organisational behaviour would be confront in today's business society. According to Jack Wood et al.(2013, p.5), it emerged as an academic...