The very definition of strategy is elusive as there are many different opinions on what strategy actually involves. Often a generalised description is given such as 'top management's plans to attain outcomes consistent with the organisation's missions and goals' (Wright et al., 1993, p3). However, De Wit and Meyer (2010) state "There is no simple answer to the question of what strategy is." They continue to describe strategy in terms of three main dimensions: process, content and...
Globalization is a system in which it refers to reduction and removal barriers between national borders of the countries in order to facilitate the flow of capital, goods and labor. It's a combination of technological, political, economical , and biological factors. To develop the global economy globalization is a system of interaction among the countries. Globalization refers to the integration of economics, and societies of the world. Globalization involves technological, political, economic...
This thesis is focused on the influence of knowledge transfer on innovation within multinational corporations (MNCs). The upcoming chapters will deal with the research questions as stated in 1.4. This chapter entails a detailed description of the problem (1.2) followed by the problem statement (1.3) and research questions (1.4). The research design and outline of the upcoming chapters are appointed by 1.5 and 1.6 respectively.1.2...
The value-action gap is a term used to describe the gap that can occur when the values or attitudes of an individual do not correlate to their actions. More generally, it is the difference between what people say and what people do. This discrepancy is most associated within environmental geography, as usually attitudes affect behavior; however the opposite often seems to be the case with regard to environmental attitudes and behaviors. The outcome is that there is a gap between the high value...
Leadership is a process by which an individual influences to others to achieve a goal and an objective and leads the organisation in a way that engages in it more cohesive and coherent. In another words the leadership process is overall related with a dramatically change. There are some assumptions in the leadership concept they are pointed below:- The leadership process is overall concerned or related with fostering change. In an inherent manner Leadership is a value-based process. All...
This chapter deals with discussion and analysis of data from the results of the questionnaire. The findings and discussion are done using the SPSS software. The questionnaire is in appendix 1.4.2 Reliability: “The reliability of a scale indicates how free it is from random error” (Pallant, 2007:6). If the scale has more than 10 items the minimum level of Cronbach alpha should be more than 0.700, then the data is considered to be reliable. The data which is obtained from the...
Attracting the most qualified staff and matching them to the jobs for which they are best suited is significant for the success of any organization. Development is the field concerned with workplace learning to improve performance. Development is usually most effective for vocational work. The excellence development system could make good staffs and executive would understand where they can improving the performance of company's business by identifying when the staff requires development, what...
The capacity planner uses business plans and forecasts to determine the future needs. Analytical modeling tools can help the planner to explore a range of possibilities as answers to these "What if" scenarios. The capacity planner is especially receptive to products that are seen to be scalable and also stable and predictable in terms of support and upgrades over the life of the product. The technique used for planning and control of capacities, materials, and other resources for...
Introduction Although considerable research has been conducted over the last two decades to determine how employees' commitment to an organization develops (see Meyer & Allen, 1997, for a review), the potential impact of human resource management (HRM) practices on commitment has received far less attention than it deserves. The results of those studies that have been conducted, however, do provide some evidence to suggest that organizations can influence employees' commitment through their...
In the past several years, more and more business leaders agreed that doing good things can be good for business too. There are numerous of business leaders realize that corporate social responsibility (CSR) is a fundamental part of business practice. For many people, Whole Foods Market (WFM) is the very definition business which not only to make profits but also create value for its major stakeholders. WFM was founded in Austin, Texas in 27 years ago and become the world's leading natural and...