In the previous chapter, the researcher gave the background and rationale for this academic inquiry along with overall aim and research objectives. This is the second chapter of the dissertation and present review of academic literature in the area of corporate social responsibly and associated themes. Various themes that this chapter will cover include influence of external environment and globalization on organizational governance, stakeholders' perspective and CSR, historical perspective of...
Slice Bakery and Juices is a start up juice and bakery retail establishment located in down town Nairobi. Slice Bakery aims at obtaining the attention of the regular client's base with its wide variety of fresh juices and freshly baked cakes and bread. Slice Bakery and Juices, plans to construct a strong market position in the city due to the partners' industrial experience in the area. The establishment aims to offer its services and products at a reasonably price to take care of the demand...
The human resource department involve peoples who perform its actions.Human resources are an organizations greatest assets because without them, everyday Business functions such as managing cash flow, making business transactions, communicating through all forms of media, and dealing with customers could not be completed. Human resource management (HRM) is apprehensive with the workers strategies and managerial and administrative practices and structures that influence the workers. In bigger...
It is important that before any changes are made, they must be properly thought out and the effects upon the organisation, clients and all individuals concerned must be assessed by whichever method would be effective and which would give accurate information with regards to the intended change. For instance the use of a cost benefits analysis, decision tree, SWOT analysis etc. Various interest groups must be consulted and their opinions taken into consideration before changes are implemented,...
We are here and there working and running the business with surrounding peoples/facts. As such, we need to care how good/or bad effects might be happened thanks to/ due to our business. According to the shareholder theory,"shareholders provide the capital required to keep the company going".( Andrew Keay,p.663).And "Maximising shareholder wealth means maximising the flow of dividends to shareholder through time" (Glen Arnold,p.13). From a long-term perspective, maximising...
The Mexico's economy has got advantage from the globalization from signing in North American Free Trade Agreement(NAFTA). This agreement was among Canada, Mexico and United States and there strive to create a common market. This has washed off duties on many goods and services and promote the movement of professional, including accountants. There were some projects going on to analyse the difference and similarity in accounting standards and financial reporting among the NAFTA member...
There is nothing as practical as a good theory(Lewin, 1935). Executive summary: Purpose of this study is to examine the similarities of Servant leadership, transformational and transactional theories and also examine the Contribution those theories make to the understanding of leadership.Introduction:Leadership has a major role in 21st century in all sectors. Here I am going to discuss about understanding of what leadership is, is there any similarities among three theorists on what fine or...
Lucky cement is focusing mainly on exporting loose cement due to which they have installed a new line in Karachi Plant without packing plant and the cement they manufacture in that line goes straight to bulkers and from there it goes to silo which is built at Karachi port and from there the cement directly goes to ships. This is more profit making, time saving and state of the art concept and adopted by a few companies in the whole world. Current total market share of lucky cement in 19% and...
Culture is integrated pattern of human knowledge, belief, and behavior that depends upon the capacity for symbolic thought and social learning or set of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices that characterizes an institution,(oxforddictionaries.com/definition/culture) Organizational culture Organizational culture is the collective behaviour of people that are part of an organization, it is also formed by the organization values, visions, norms, working language, systems, and symbols,...
Through my position within the CRH, I have witnessed firsthand the impact of the world-wide economic, financial and business crisis on the environment in which the organisation operates. Development activity has been significantly reduced, with severe cutbacks being instigated across all businesses. The group's annual sales fell 17 percent between 2008 and 2009 and profit before tax reduced by 55 percent to €0.7bn. (CRH, 2010a) In the U.S., the economy has been slower to recover than...