Prior to merger in Aventis-pharma purchasing department no more than an administrative unit .The department was responsible for ensuring that whatever was ordered by company department were executed department have free reign in term of who they ordered and who from and how often .Aventis Pharma use of agents when ordering added to over head cost . The primary focus was cost saving. As a result purchasing department had focus on new objectives. They expected to be key player of procurement...
The present age of business is extremely competitive and the only tool for survival is adaptability which comes through constant change. Vested deeply in leadership styles, culture and communication, successful change is vital and yet hard to describe. The role of human resource as an active partner, focusing on the company's vision and ensuring open communication channels is fundamental for change in the organization. Change in any organization may be a result of a combination of elements;...
Organising is the combination of several resources like human, physical and financial to perform a proper management of a building. Well-maintained buildings are the buildings which are retained in a good and proper condition. To make sure a building is well maintained, the structure of maintenance body must be organised properly. There are several factors need to be considered in organising a maintenance work such as the size of business, objectives, structure of the organisation, culture of...
The term organizational learning is explained as the embedding of individual - and group - level learning in organizational structures and processes, achieved through reflecting on and modifying the typical standards/models and values embodied in established organizational processes and structures. (Innovation and Knowledge Management). Another way to illustrate the term is, organizational learning would be occurred when insights developed by an individual or group result in a systematic...
Leadership cannot replace management; it should be in addition to management. In this essay discussion I will compare leadership and management in organisations. It will show that managers and leaders are not different types of people; many managers already have the abilities and qualities needed to be effective leaders. The proposition in my essay: (based on Daft et al, 2009:14). In the first part of my essay I will explain the nature of leadership and management by giving the definition of...
Operations and process management define with direct resources and value-added activities that convert. The task of operations leaders create decisions, both strategic and tactical, in a variety of contexts counting amenities, technology, sourcing, and preparation and control. The objective of this task is for participants to better recognize the planned role of operations, and structure as well as enlarge tactical approaches that hold up the strategy of Marks and Spencer and UPS evaluate and...
Introduction EBay is one of the biggest internet business organsation which provides an open ground for creating online marketplaces for selling and buying goods and services, as well as online payment services and communication for both individuals and businesses globally. It is successfully established in United States and expanded to Europe. However it struggled to gain a considerable market share in Asian market such as Japan and China. The news article I have chosen reported that eBay has...
There are different leadership theories that have been proposed. Some of these are the leadership member exchange theory, transformational leadership theory, path-goal theory and situational approach theory. In this paper the above four theories will be studied in seeking to help the students have a deeper insight into the leadership styles and where they are best applied. Leadership-member exchange theory Also known as LMX or vertical dyad linkage theory it seeks to describe how leaders in...
International joint venture between two or more companies has benefits of more resources and knowledge share as well as reward and risk share. Reasons that companies create joint venture could be initiated by new product development, opportunity to access wider marketing or expanding the company with at least one company headquartered outside country of operation (host country). The immediate benefits of joint ventures partnerships are access to a wider range of resources with complimentary set...
Briefing: GOAL – develop oversea market Project target to “Differentiation Service” (may gain more revenue generation), add value (create collaborative partnerships) to buyers and suppliers for sustain the business in long term running. The company currently stays in “Lower Cost” position (cut cost), however higher operation cost is found and to be improving. Use McFarlan’s Strategic Grid only: current is Support à after implemented, we will go to...