Qutub Minar has a stand alone place in the prime attractions amongst all the historical monuments of India. The word 'Qutub' means 'pole of justice'. It is situated in Delhi, the capital of India. The monument can be seen from most parts of the old city. Qutub Minar is among the tallest and famous towers in the world. It is the tallest brick minaret in the world. The minar has been listed to UNESCO world heritage list. It is a great masterpiece of Mughal architecture. The Minar is made of red sandstone. Height of Qutub Minar is 72.5mts. It is an architectural marvel of the 13th century. It was constructed by Qutb-ud-din Aibak in the 12th century for celebrating the victory of Mohammed Ghori over the Rajputs and was completed in the 13th century by his successors. It is one of the best examples of Indo Islamic architecture. It was viewed in those times as a symbol of the military might of the Turko-Afghan dynasty and Islam.Qutub Minar is in a long conical shape. The monument's diameter ranges from 14.3 meters at the base to 2.7 meters at the top. This creates the illusion of increased height. It has 379 round shaped staircases inside it. This stairway leads to a spectacular view of the city from the top of Qutub Minar. The tower has five distinct stories, which are separated by balconies. The first three stories are made of red sandstone. When lightning knocked off the fourth in 1368, Qutub Minar was restored by Firoz Shah Tughlaq, who added a fourth and fifth floor which are made of marble and sandstone. The walls of the minar are carved intricately and inscribed with verses from Muslim's holy mythological scripture The Quran. The Minar contains numerous inscriptions in Devnagari and Arabic characters, which narrate its history. In the year 1505, earthquake struck the Minar. It was repaired by Sikandar Lodi. Later on in the year 1794, another earthquake was faced by the minar and it was an engineer Major Smith, who repaired the affected parts of the minar. But in last few years, because of some suicide cases and destroying mentality incidents, the minar came into light for bad reasons. The Qutub Minar is a place to treasure for our coming generations. So that they can feel proud for architectural knowledge our forefathers had.
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