Touching upon the concepts of vernaculars, dialects and diglossia is a good place to begin. The term "vernacular" has various meanings; but mostly refers to a language not standardized and not officially confirmed; which is used by local people. Generally, vernaculars are spread among communities living in a multilingual atmosphere where they have a different mother-language than the official language of their residence. For example; Afro-American English is a vernacular created...
There is a general consensus that time is the central conception that encapsulates tense. According to Angela Downing & Philip Locke (2002), tense is the linguistic expression of time relations when these are realised by verb forms. John Seely (2007) gives a slightly broader definition and states that a tense is "a form of the verb phrase which gives information about aspect and time". This definition brings the notion of aspect to surface and suggests that aspect is part of the...
Field trips increase children's knowledge through active practical experience. For adding pragmatism to the topic of study and for increasing student knowledge and understanding of the subject, student field trips are beneficial.Field trips must be preceded by good planning. Pre-visit preparation, trip selection, suitable follow up, evaluation and the trip itself should be given careful attention. Teachers are advised to follow the suggested procedures and to first seek advice from their...
Mary McAleese is the president of Ireland. She is the Irish Head of State. She was born Mary Lenaghan in June 1951 in Northern Ireland. She is the first president to come from Northern Ireland and she is the second female president. She studied law in Queen's University and became the first female pro-vice Chancellor at Queen's University in 1994. She was appointed professor of law at Trinity College in Dublin in 1975. She married Martin McAleese in 1976 and has three children. In 1979 she...
Education system is various in different countries and its strategies for effective learning are not the same. For example, American education mostly focuses on "learning skill" while education in Vietnam favors in "learning the core of knowledge". In the article "We should cherish Our Children's Freedom to Think," by Kie Ho, Ho supports his opinion on "learning skill" in America that gives students benefits in creativities, freedom, and motivation much...
The methods, in which teachers make advantage of the computer, including multimedia material or internet, have been increasingly introduced into the language teaching and learning. Such type of language learning is called Computer-Assisted Language Learning (henceforth, CALL). This trend in language learning is a product of significant improvement in the individual processing capability for a PC and reliability improvement of network systems, not to mention the advancement of computer...
Language is part of every society and has been since the age of time. Societies change over time and so does the language. It is not just certain languages it's all. One can see all of these changes just by going to the library. There are so many books that were written in the past that portray old English. Some would include the Canterbury Tales and Beowulf. Then there are books that portray Middle English like plays by Shakespeare, for instance, the plays, Hamlet and Romeo and Juliet. This...
Steuart displayes a masculine discursive style in communicate with caterers in the excerpt. He expresses his request by directly directives in line 1. Steuart asks an interrogative question (can I talk to somebody) and follows by a need statement immediately (I need to place an order). The interrogative question signals that Steuart requests an order on tomorrow. He proposes the request in the form of directive rather than a question. The need statement directly get cater to provide the...
This project attempts to review face threatening incidents derived from a biography that consist of intercultural communication techniques of interactions and conversations that emerge during the biographical re-enactment of American Congress Man Charlie Wilson attempts to galvanise support from the United States Congress, the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and different countries with then and even now different levels of strained relations - Pakistan, Israel, Egypt, Saudi...
The method of collecting data for research projects is known as research methodology. The data may be collected for either theoretical or practical research.Several key factors in research methodology consist of validity of research data, Ethics and the reliability of measures most of your work is finished by the time you finish the analysis of your data.Formulating of research questions along with sampling weather probable or non probable is followed by measurement that includes surveys and...