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Despite the availability of advanced tests and the accessibility of several diagnostic tools, diagnosing PE still remains a challenge. There is not a single investigation that can be dependable on solely to exclude PE with confidence. Additionally, the results of many clinical tests can be largely deceptive. Due to the non-specific clinical presentation of PE, its true incidence is difficult to assess, and in many cases it seems to be under-diagnosed [4]. At present, estimations show that...
Glucagon is a 3.5-kilodalton polypeptide hormone that consists of 29 amino acids [1]. The primary sequence of glucagon is almost perfectly conserved among vertebrates [2]. Proglucagon is the form in which glucagon is synthesized and then proteolytically processed to yield glucagon in the alpha-cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas [2]. Together glucagon and insulin (also a hormone secreted by the pancreas) are responsible for the regulation of the plasma glucose concentration. This...
Introduction Head and Neck Cancer patients may experience difficulties in speaking, eating and/or drinking due to the cancer involvement (Rathmell et al, 1991). On top of that, they have to cope with the psychosocial issues associated with the disease, treatment side-effects, long-term lifestyle changes, and even the fear of death (Sadasivan, 2004). Besides aiming on the cure for cancer, it is essential to evaluate quality of life issues as for many of patients, the ability to communicate or...
Health and wealth are linked with each other. It has been consistently seen that poor income or wealth is one of the risk factor for ill-health. While many evidences show the reverse pathway i.e. poor health status leads to poor economic growth and reduction in the wealth.The relationship between health and wealth is multifaceted and bidirectional. That means wealth can lead to good health and good health is a tool for increasing wealth. For effective production, reproduction and citizenship,...
Omega 3 fatty acids are present in fish oils and generally from the seafood. As a matter of fact, Omega 3 fatty acids are of great importance in the body as they help in the functioning of the brain. This is to suggest that lack of them can lead to decreased functioning of the brain. Regardless of this point, for a patient to withstand stress and depression there is need for serotonin which is a stress adaptation hormone. Serotonin is present in the Omega-3 acids present in fish oils and...
Cardiac diseases are caused by modifiable and non modifiable risk factors. This study aims to reduce the cardiac risk status by hand outs on brisk walking followed by structured brisk walking program. The pre experimental study was conducted by using one group -pre test post test design among walkers in Mahatma Gandhi Stadium in Salem. Non -probability purposive sampling technique was used in this study and sample size was 40.There were four tools used for this study, including demographic...
The dependent variable present in this research is knowledge of hypertension risk factors and blood pressure which is measured by mmHg of SBP and DBP. This study aimed to determine if community self-management programs will help in reducing blood pressure levels in patients with hypertension. The rationale for this study is that hypertension is a risk factor associated with cardiovascular disease, therefore this study will elucidate the effects of community self-management programs on...
This assignment is going to look at the literature surrounding the stages of healing, and the stages of rehabilitation of the hamstring muscle group. The hamstrings are made up of three muscles, Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus and Biceps Femoris, long and short heads (Clanton and Coupe 1998). According to Koulouris et al. (2003, 2007) and Verrall (2003), the biceps femoris is the most commonly injured muscle from the hamstring muscle groupHamstring strains are one of the most common injuries in...
The aim of the millennium development goals is to encourage development by improving conditions of living in the world's poorest countries. It also aims at narrowing the health divide(OECD 2009) . The major objectives of millennium development goals 1 and 7 are: " To halve the proportion of people who suffer from hunger globally and To halve the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation by 2015 (WHO 2002).According to Saith(2006) ,the...
Stroke is defined as injury to the central nervous system vasculature which may be in microscopic or macroscopic scale (Hatano, 1976). It is estimated that stroke accounts for about 6 million deaths worldwide annually. The number of stroke survivors in the United Kingdom is a staggering one million and about 50, 000 of suffer partial or severe impairments (DoH, 2005). The impact of stroke and related health issues is predicted to increase considerably in the years to come sending stroke to the...