The proposed evaluation would be carried out using the CDC framework of programme evaluation which has six steps[1].This evaluation would be somewhat pluralistic in nature as there would be an interplay of the perspectives of different groups[3].However, the dominant perspective would be that of the policy makers-a managerial perspective[2].It would be carried out three years after the start of the programme. It would take a long time to achieve the overall programme aim, hence the need for...
Wilson MG et.al conducted mixed method research to develop environmental and ecological interventions to address overweight and obesity. Result shows that 83 of employees at the study sites were overweight and obese. Environmental assessment scores ranged from 47-19 on a 100 point scale. Intervention strategies chose included increasing healthy food choices in vending, cafetarias and company meetings, providing a walking path, targeting messages, developing site goals, training leaders at a...
The most common medical condition and leading cause of death in Ireland today is Hypertension, accounting for nearly 1/3 of the total number of deaths and killing around 10,000 people each year. Hypertension or high blood pressure is where the force of the blood against the arterial walls as it circles the body is more forceful than it should be. It is the main cause of death in Ireland due to the fact that it is a condition that usually gives no symptoms, and goes unnoticed unless it is...
This article aimed to investigate on the rate of obesity among the narcolepsy patients and to make a prediction on the association of the long-term health risk on the basis of waistline. Besides that, several evidence are also produced to differentiate the impact of deficiency in hypothalamic secretion from the increase rate of daytime sleepiness such as reduced in physical activity according to the measure of these anthropometric. The experiment was conducted based on a cross-sectional,...
Table -I In the experimental and control group, all the samples were equally distributed in all the four categories of age groups. Majority of the samples in experimental group (80%) were female. Majority of the samples in both experimental and control group (92% & 60%) were farmers. Majority of the samples in both experimental and control group (84% & 80%) were illiterate. Majority of the samples in both experimental and control group (56% & 52%) were in the income group of Rs...
The need for repetition of liver biopsy, especially in assessing the degree of fibrosis and follow up of treatment protocols, justifies an intensive search for non-invasive alternatives. We attempted to investigate the clinical usefulness of fibrogenesis markers in evaluating liver fibrosis. For this purpose, we measured serum levels of TGF­-, collagen IV, laminin, MMP-2 and EGF-R, in fifty children with chronic liver disease (HBV, HCV and Bilharziasis) and thirty healthy controls, and...
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a type of chronic, autoimmune, multifaceted inflammatory where the immune system cannot differentiate between foreign invaders and healthy tissues, thereby causing inflammation, pain and damage in body with the generation of autoantibodies. [1, 2, 25, 26, 27, 30] Systemic means the entire body or internal system is affected [4]. It is a disease of relapse and remission, and the most common form of lupus (70% of all cases of lupus) [28]. As a matter of fact,...
A month later she started developing progressive thickening and tightening of skin in upper limb, lower limbs and face that started interfering with usual activities as holding small objects, utensils and wearing and buttoning clothes. Simultaneously, she started experiencing weakness in limbs with difficulty in climbing stairs, getting up from sitting position and brushing her hairs. On direct questioning, she admitted to constant fatigue and 05 kg weight loss. However, she denied symptoms of...
Although genome sequencing elaborates and is the complete and most widely accepted blueprint of the genetic make-up of any given organism, yet, this information (i.e. genomics) is insufficient in itself. This is due to the fact that gene expression or phenotypic characteristics is the combination of genetic make up of an organism and its interaction with the environment around it. One of the prime and most widely accepted techniques of analysing the expression of phenotype of any organism is...
Health systems in Pakistan face increasingly diverse and complex problems, fast growing populations with minimum resources, poor socio-economic and uncertain geopolitical conditions of the country. Inequities and inequalities in health, resulted in development of expensive public health care delivery systems, are protected by strong vested interests. The health management information system and the use of health information system at the grass-root level is very inefficient in Pakistan...