Primary care plays the essential role in the in overall health management, it typical the first point of care of a patient journey, the care of patients whom suffering from chronic disease after it acute period, the care of aged people and disability group. The Central Statistics Office (CSO) estimates that there were 467,926 people aged 65 or over in Ireland in 2006, The National Physical and Sensory Disability Database (NPSDD) shows 7,562 people aged 16-65 years having physical and...
Although uncommon, vascular pathologies should not be overlooked when diagnosing and treating CECS.14 In the event of a misdiagnosed vascular abnormality, the patient is at an increased risk for potentially life threatening conditions such as deep vein thrombi, aneurysms, or arteriosclerosis.1 Therefore, a thorough history and proper assessment are essential to positive patient outcomes. Case Report An 18 year old female cross country and middle distance track and field athlete reported to the...
The above-mentioned patient choice agenda in healthcare refers to various types of service providers into the NHS. Choice agenda is dynamic and varies according to time and medical providers. Choice alone without competition gives people a false consciousness without real outcome. Therefore choice and competition work well together rather than individually improving quality and efficiency. Even less competitive health-care providers are motivated to upgrade their services to attract...
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a condition caused by abnormal development of the hip joint that presents mostly in children. DDH describes a variety of conditions in which the ball and socket of the hip do not develop properly. The hip is a ball and socket joint. Normally the top of the thigh bone (femur) has a round ball shape which fits into a cup like socket on the pelvis (acetabulum) 1. Historically, many doctors have called this pathology congenital dysplasia of the hip, or...
The most current statistics carried out in the Unites States of America (2011) indicates that the state prevalence on obesity had an upward trend (rose) all over the country. Obesity prevalence was experienced in more than 20%in all states, Chicago being one of them. 39 states recorded prevalence of 25% or beyond that (CDC, 2013). Obesity is currently enlisted amidst the most imperative public health troubles in the United States.Currently, one third of the United States adults aged above 20...
"Insects play an essential role in life and are found in every environment on earth" [37]. Regardless of their beneficial existence, some insects can be parasitic to humans and cause skin infections through a bite or a sting, which may lead to secondary bacterial infections. As it was previously mentioned, the incidence of an infectious disease through parasitic transmission is dependent on the climate, and specific regions of an environment. Common examples of parasitic skin...
Organic Health Response (OHR) is a network of grassroots HIV/AIDS micro-clinics on Mfangano Island in Kenya. The Island is home to approximately 19,000 people, with an estimated HIV rate over 30% (Organic Health Response [OHR], n.d.). The majority of inhabitants sustain a living by fishing or farming in their rural environment. There is no electricity and only one road around the circumference of the island (OHR, n.d.). OHR recently opened its doors June of 2010, and is currently seeking...
Low back pain (LBP) is a symptom of injury that has been given substantial academic attention over the last decade. This has largely been as a result of the secondary loss of work productivity due to LBP, and accompanying disability and psychological aspects (Frymoyer et al., 1991; Maetzel & Li, 2002; Underwood, 2003). For instance, in the United Kingdom, evidence suggests that between 70% and 80% of the adult population has suffered from LBP at some point in their lives, regardless of...
In 2002, Fox claimed that health related behaviours with potential risk are often considered as experimenting in life. While Scriven and Stevenson (1998) claimed that health experimenting is necessary for the development of young people, Whitehead (2005) stated that there are some extreme cases such as substance abuse and unprotected sexual intercourse that represent potential health damaging risk. He added that if factors influencing the young people to engage such health-risking behaviors are...
This chapter has been divided into six sections. The first section discusses the study design. The second section addresses the study setting, study population and inclusion and exclusion criteria. The third section addresses the sampling technique, sample size for this study and the process of recruiting participants. The fourth and the fifth section present the process of data collection and data analysis plan. The sixth section focuses on the ethical considerations taken into account in the...