It is hard to think about the future of crime trends because current conditions can change rapidly as some criminologist believe that crime rates may eventually rise as the number of teens in the population increases only some of criminologist believe this. I think the age structure of society is one of the most important determinants of crime rates but the economy, technological change and social factors will play an important role in crime rate in the UK. If unemployment continues to...
Most of the literature on internal displacement is produced either by or for western aid agencies. The mainstream literature is therefore influenced by the discourse of aid agencies and their view of internal displacement as a famine (i.e. food-related) humanitarian crisis, caused by or resulting from a disaster, a policy failure and a breakdown in the system. Within this discourse, internal displacement is often misconceived as a transient event, an unfortunate by-product of poverty, economic...
"As long as I have any choice, I will stay only in a country where political liberty, toleration, and equality of all citizens before the law are the rule."-Albert Einstein.For centuries, man has been fighting with his brother, over man-made issues of differences in their status, nationality, race, colour, religion to name a few. In India itself, this differentiation has taken shape in the form of differences in class, differences between Muslims and Hindus, Sikhs and Christians,...
This is an ever growing problem of violence faces Americans. The streets are becoming a battleground where individuals are been beaten for their belongings, women are terrified and viciously attacked and raped, teenage gangsters are shooting it out for a patch of territories to sell their illegal drugs, and innocent children are been caught every day in the crossfire of drive by shootings which end up in seriously injured or die. Society cannot look the other way and ignore the damage that...
Deviant acts are behaviours or actions that violate what is considered a social norm by a society. Deviance may or may not be formalized by law. When formalized it is a criminal deviance. Sociologists argue that social norms are different depending in communities, for example some communities believe that taking alcohol is a good practice, on the other hand other communities believe taking alcohol is a bad hence it is a deviant act. The definition of deviance changes over time as the world...
Considering there have been a considerable amount of focus drawn upon various countries and their coping methods for counter terrorism, there hasnt been a lot of research carried out to see if the strategies are effective (W.Phares,2007). Acts of terrorism is a group action, a typically political act which is carried out either due to religion, nationalism, ethnicity or ideological orientation and if it wasn't the act would be seen as a criminal act. Psychiatrists have researched causes of...
When ex- offenders and prisoners are released from prison they are expected to successfully transition from prison life to a crime- free life and rejoin society as everyone else and help be ties to the community. Most of the time, it is hard for them to be a part of society because they are still constantly being punished for their past still. When ex-offenders; convicts are released they really do not have the proper tools to stand up on their own such as: money, jobs or any type of stabled...
'Deprivation of liberty should be regarded as a sanction or measure of last resort and should therefore be provided for only, where the seriousness of the offence would make any other sanction or measure clearly inadequate' declares Principle 1 of the Council of Europe's Recommendation Concerning Prison Overcrowding and Prison Population Inflation (Council of Europe, 1999). Despite these principles, various sources say that the prison population is on the boost in many parts of the world (U.K....
A drug is a substance that influences 'biological processes' is too inclusive. Broadly speaking, is any substance that, when absorbed into the body of a living organism, alters normal bodily function. There is no single, precise definition, as there are different meanings in drug control law, government regulations, medicine, and colloquial usage. Definition may be more or less useful according to a specific setting or context. For drugs three such contexts come to mind: medical utility, psycho...
What do we mean by the 'Criminal Justice System' ('CJS')? This essay aims to answer the question 'What do we mean by the Criminal Justice System?' In order to do this, we will start by looking at an introduction to the criminal justice system and briefing talking through the different agencies it is comprised of. We will then go on to look at the three main government departments and map out their responsibilities. This essay then intends to question whether or not the CJS is actually a system...