California was terrorized in the mid-1980s by a serial killer proclaimed the "Night Stalker" by the media. The over a dozen victims of this killer didn't understand nor question the underlying criminological underpinnings of these acts and his bizarre courtroom outbursts were fodder for a sensationalizing media that is attracted to gruesome details. The prosecutor Deputy District Attorney Phillip Halpin provided a lay assessment of his mental state by commenting on his latest...
Our society is becoming more and more violent, in recent years dark figure of crime has become a big issue. Today we hear more of criminal, offences often for no particular reason what so ever. We are living in the world of crime. Dark figure of crime affects all towns, cities and countries. Crimes are made every day, but not every crime is reported and recorded that is why the 'dark figure is in our vocabulary today. In this essay I would like to look into the main reasons why crime goes...
For many countries, criminal justice system and legal system could not provide a substantial protection on the vulnerable targets; therefore, there will be a reform on the system. In October 2006, the Secretary for Justice and the Chief Justice asked for a reviewal on the laws governing the sexual and related offences and "to consider whether a scheme for the registration of offenders convicted of such offences should be established" (Sexual offences records checks, 2010, p.1; Panel...
Ultimately, by modifying the controlled use of drugs allows users to function within society and reduce the harmful drug effects. For that reason, the need for harm reduction strategies must be regulated through the use of social controls (Yuet W, 2000 ). However, it must also be recongised that not all means will be effective as rules may be broken thus sanctions and rituals are a few examples which socially aide in the controlling of the drug users setting (Du Toit, 1977). In addition, such...
Introduction The purpose of this paper is to look at the overcrowded prisons that are plaguing the U.S. The prison system that we have is constantly evolving, but seems to circulate through the same prison philosophies. An overcrowded prison does not lend itself to a productive environment for inmates. Many would not care about the environment that the inmates encounter as they feel the inmate has brought this upon himself through his deviant behavior, however not all inmates will stay in...
Terrorism Airports SecurityDefeating Terrorism Assignment Abstract Small municipal airports that serve communities near major metropolitan areas may not have appropriate security measures in place. These municipal airports have not received the same scrutiny or funding as major airports. Regardless, small airports face challenges and risks similar to larger facilities. Additionally, vandalism, petty theft, and commandeering of an actual aircraft are incidents for which administrators at smaller...
In 1986 Congress passed mandatory minimum sentencing. Federal mandatory drug sentences take the decision away from the judge and gives sentences based on: 1. The type of drug; 2. The weight or alleged weight of the drug mixture and 3. The number of prior convictions. The rise of women in prison seems to be correlated with US drug laws and policies. Many researchers argue that the war on drugs has directly become a war on women. In 1999, the Bureau of Justice Statistics documented that 1 in...
"Simply put...stalkers are not a type unto themselves with necessarily common features. Efforts to categorise them as loners, frustrated about their lack of impact on the world, striving for greatness by destroying greatness, may be wrong as often as right. There certainly are commonalities, but there are just as many differences, and defining the 'typical' stalker is no more practical than defining the 'typical'murderer. They are as complex and as various as people in general. They can be...
Criminology traditionally has a multidisciplinary character. However, sociology was the reigning paradigm that dominated the study of crime in the 20th century. Despite of tremendous progress in molecular and behavioral genetics, biological knowledge is not yet implemented in contemporary criminology. The present review therefore takes aim at developing a constructive view on criminal behavior by using an interdisciplinary perspective that encompass both sociological and biological frameworks....
Gender Based Violence is one of the most prevalent social issues bearing negatively on the society and with far and wider reaching implications. The issue leaves victims, witnesses and the perpetrators with physical and psychological marks that they may have to live with for the rest of their lives. It is one of the issues that do not recognize, economic, social, religion, racial or cultural boundaries and can perpetuate itself in any society and within any class of people. However, there has...