When convicted criminal were transported to Pentonville they were required to leave all their clothes and personal belongings to a member of the prison staff. The next step of the entering process was the prisoner to have a specific type of bath. The purpose of it was not to actually clean their flesh, but to "wash off" their criminal background. Furthermore, every single prisoner was required to have their heads shaven. They were also supplied with uniforms which were with different...
Labeling the delinquency of juveniles deals with the effects of labels, or stigmas, on juvenile's behavior. According to the labeling theory, efforts to control crime often have the effect of increasing crime. Juveniles who are labeled as delinquents hold their self-fulfilling prophecies believing the labels others assign them, thereby acting as those labels. The primary focus of this research is to ascertain whether juveniles who are labeled delinquent will eventually commit adult crimes....
Murder is a felonious offence. Only one sentence can be passed on conviction of a felony; that is, capital punishment, and therefore John Edwards must be sentenced to be hung by his neck until he is dead, hanging being the only available method of execution. That John Edwards is a young child is of no bar to his being executed: the age of criminal responsibility is 7. [] Children are regularly indicted and convicted of felonies and must suffer the consequences under the law as adults...
Truancy is the unauthorized absence from school without parental consent or knowledge. This seemingly minor social issue has been identified as needing attention because it is the first sign in a series of deviant behaviours that may lead to negative outcomes such as sexual promiscuity, drug and alcohol use, delinquency, and attrition (Bell, Rosen, & Dynlacht, 1994; Van Petegem, 1994, as cited in Teasley, 2004). Thus the notion of prevention rather than cure has led to numerous early...
The body of rules and regulations that define and specify the nature of and punishments for offenses of a public nature or for wrongs committed against the state or society, also called penal law. Criminal Law or penal law involves prosecution by the government of a person for and act that has been classified as a crime. It is the body of statutory and common law that deals with crime and the legal punishment of criminal offenses. There are four theories of criminal justice: punishment,...
Howard Becker is hailed as the founder of modern labeling theory. He also developed the term "moral entrepreneur" to describe persons in power who campaign to have certain deviant behavior outlawed (Becker, 1963). He claims that many laws are established for such purposes, and that behavior that is defined as criminal is dynamic and changes throughout time. Therefore, the actual criminal behavior is irrelevant to the theory. What really matters is which outlaws are arrested and...
This report explored, critically assessed and identified limitations of two methods official statistics and victimisation surveys that measure violence and victimisation. Official statistics provide information on selected and reported crimes made by criminal justice agencies usually police but does not provide data about unreported crimes, characteristics of victims and offenders, making official statistics unreliable. The issues of unreported crimes are considerably high ranging from 40 - 60...
Leadership and supervision is key and foundational to any organization. Whether this leadership is strong or weak it will impact the organization as a whole dramatically. Often the leadership and supervision element is exhibited in emergency situations. It has been said that certain incident(s) define or in this case determine the success or failure of an agency. We saw evidence of this in New York, New Orleans, Oakland and even here in Jacksonville. Communication and discipline are two key...
In Lucifer Effect Dr Zimbardo discusses his Stanford Prison Experiment conducted in 1971 in relevance to the prison abuses in Abu Ghraib in 2003. It is a shocking book presenting the transformation from an average good person into a bad brutal individual; the metamorphosis from Lucifer into Satan. At the same time Dr Zimbardo explains how this transformation is possible, how group dynamics and situational factors, maintained by the system influence human behaviour to create monsters even of...
Offshoring, outsourcing, re-organizing, budget-cutting, downsizing, re-engineering and just in time delivery are up, while loyalty, job security, staffing, dedication and esprit de corps are down. Employees are under-titled, underappreciated, underemployed, underutilized and likely in danger of being unemployed. All these factors plus lean and mean manufacturing, illegal immigration and the threats of mass disaster and terrorism (often on top of increasing mortgage payments and credit- card...