Crime has devastating consequences to the economic and social dimensions of any country. Unfortunately despite increased efforts to fight crime halting it seems to be impossible. Slack (2009) points out that official crime figures indicate that the country has the worst rate essentially for all types, or categories of violent crimes when compared to the United States and other countries that appear on the list of the most dangerous countries in the world. Hicks and Allen (1999, 5) indicate that...
Analyse the strength of the argument that security managers deal with security while lawyers deal with lawINTRODUCTION The purpose of this paper is to analyse the strength of the argument that security managers deal with security while lawyers deal with law. In order to do this, the paper looks at the contemporary role of security managers and lawyers, and presents a discussion on who deals with the legal aspects of security work.SECURITY MANAGERS DEAL WITH SECURITY It is indubitable that...
There is an often asked question that if the use of substances is correlated with youth crime. The fact is that, in some cases, drugs, alcohol, and tobacco are related to youth crime, such as selling drugs, robbery to get money in order to purchase drugs, alcohol, and tobacco. The representation of youth crime as well as youth substance use can be reflected by the broad media system, such as, magzine, TV show, and newspapers. Even youth crime only takes a small percentage of the overall...
Choosing one substantive topic as your focus (e.g. drug use, violence, music, etc), discuss how it has been associated with the labeling of youth as deviant and/or criminal. You should draw on both theories of youth and youth crime, and example of real events in your answer." The problem of drug use is one of the main concerns all over the world, it is no longer a problem which associates with adult, but also adolescent. The adolescent life-stage is a period of high risk for engaging in...
This paper was done in response to an article that I came across in which a child was convicted as an adult for homicide. The homicide was supposedly gang-related; the young child that was only 14 years of age was painted as an entrenched gang member. This article made me think what contributed to this situation and how it can be eradicated from today's society so this will never happen to any of our youth. The solutions provided in this document are a response to the growing need for schools,...
Crime is not restricted to any one nation. One country's laws may deem an act criminal, while another does not. It is also not easy to determine rates accurately because the reporting systems may be different or there may be discouragement toward victims in reporting wrongdoings upon them. Data sets used to study crime globally are provided by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (p. 35). To simplify and coordinate information from responding countries, surveys with standard...
Proponents of juvenile justice agree that children sometimes make mistakes and deserve another chance for redemption. Many also agree that passive punishments are critical in the maturity and evolution of the child as he enters adulthood. If this were the case, why are facilities in America operating at fifty percent over capacity? Why do halfway houses in the US see admission rates skyrocket by one-hundred percent? The answer is quite simple. Before the age of 12, many youngsters begin...
However, the legislation governing sentencing is the Criminal Justice Act 2003. The purposes of sentencing are set out under s.142 which states that: Any court dealing with an offender in respect of his offence must have regard to the following purposes of sentencing: the punishment of offenders, the reduction of crime (including its reduction by deterrence), the reform and rehabilitation of offenders, the protection of the public, and the making of reparation by offenders to persons affected...
In order to appropriately address the topic of discussion, firstly, it is important to understand what is meant by the concept 'police culture'. After establishing its definition, it then becomes a task to assess whether 'police culture' does indeed have a negative influence on the way the police work as an institution or whether it merely ensures that a certain level of consistency in achieved in terms of the way officers conduct themselves in their daily working environment. The term...
There are many theories of crime which fit into four different models each explaining crime through varied approaches, in this essay I will be discussing the weakest of these theoretical explanations of crime and the strongest. The weakest theory of crime is Biological Positivism which is part of the Predestined Actor Model which is a positivist model explaining criminal behaviour based on scientific factors beyond a person's control. Biological positivism has been heavily criticised by many...