Thesis - ANALYSIS OF EUTHANASIA LAW IN NETHERLANDS AND UK
his behalf or that he refuses his treatment with knowing that the act will lead to his death. The opposite of voluntary is involuntary euthanasia which occurs when a patient's life is ended without the patient's knowledge. This may be a case when a patient is unconscious or in vegetative state and somebody makes a decision for him.
This type does not follow so many obstructions and is pretty clear from the legal point of view than the previous one.
1.2.3. ASSISTED SUICIDE
Somewhere between active and passive euthanasia is considered assisted suicide. This type is seen when a doctor gives to a patient an advice how to end his own life, but the doctor does not perform the act by himself. For example, if a doctor gives you a pill sufficient to cause your death, explains to you what it is and you later on take it by yourself, this is considered assisted suicide.
2. THE REGULATION OF EUTHANASIA BY CRIMINAL LAW
2.1. PAIN AND SYMPTOM RELIEF APPROACHES
If patient is seriously ill or has great pain there exists general agreement which can help him out of his suffering. There are two special approaches which can be practice even though they may shorten a patient's life and without any violation of the terms of criminal law causing bodily harm. The first is called Double Effect which is based on doctor's intention.
Another way is Medical Exception. These concepts are more described below.
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