Juvenile Violence is on the rise Juvenile violence has become one of the biggest problems we have in the United States. It is thought to be a big problem in the urban city, but it is not just a problem in the inner city. The problem has spread to the suburban areas as well. People are trying to defend themselves by purchasing everything they can to fight against juvenile crime. Women arm themselves with mace, they put car alarms and clubs on their cars, houses are equipped with security systems...
The Reid method (Inbau, Reid and Buckley and Jayne, 2001) is the most influential interrogation method used across the United States of America (Gudjonsson, 1992). It proposes 9 steps for after a pre-interrogation interview to enable effective interrogation to result in confession; Step 1 - Direct Confrontation. Step 2 - Theme building; either minimising their crime or maximising it and exaggerating evidence. Step 3 - Handling denials. Step 4 - Overcoming objections. Step 5 - Retention of...
Terrorism has become a political nightmare in some countries with scholars and security professional struggling to implement adequate counter measures to negate what is viewed as an exotic act. With the advent of suicide terrorism as a potent weapon in the arsenal of the terrorist, there has been a plethora of literature purporting to be authoritative source identifying causes and possible solutions. The task of the author is not to authenticate any of the available literature but to generate...
Alcohol is a psychoactive drug that has a depressant effect. "A depressant is the substance that reduces the functions of the central nervous system, as result it relaxes the body and the mind. However, many people fail to understand logistics and consider alcohol to be an antidepressant and believe that it treats their depression, and anxiety disorders. "It affects the brain very much like the other depressants such as, barbiturates, tranquilizers and benzodiazepines. In small...
When convicted criminal were transported to Pentonville they were required to leave all their clothes and personal belongings to a member of the prison staff. The next step of the entering process was the prisoner to have a specific type of bath. The purpose of it was not to actually clean their flesh, but to "wash off" their criminal background. Furthermore, every single prisoner was required to have their heads shaven. They were also supplied with uniforms which were with different...
Labeling the delinquency of juveniles deals with the effects of labels, or stigmas, on juvenile's behavior. According to the labeling theory, efforts to control crime often have the effect of increasing crime. Juveniles who are labeled as delinquents hold their self-fulfilling prophecies believing the labels others assign them, thereby acting as those labels. The primary focus of this research is to ascertain whether juveniles who are labeled delinquent will eventually commit adult crimes....
Murder is a felonious offence. Only one sentence can be passed on conviction of a felony; that is, capital punishment, and therefore John Edwards must be sentenced to be hung by his neck until he is dead, hanging being the only available method of execution. That John Edwards is a young child is of no bar to his being executed: the age of criminal responsibility is 7. [] Children are regularly indicted and convicted of felonies and must suffer the consequences under the law as adults...
Truancy is the unauthorized absence from school without parental consent or knowledge. This seemingly minor social issue has been identified as needing attention because it is the first sign in a series of deviant behaviours that may lead to negative outcomes such as sexual promiscuity, drug and alcohol use, delinquency, and attrition (Bell, Rosen, & Dynlacht, 1994; Van Petegem, 1994, as cited in Teasley, 2004). Thus the notion of prevention rather than cure has led to numerous early...
The body of rules and regulations that define and specify the nature of and punishments for offenses of a public nature or for wrongs committed against the state or society, also called penal law. Criminal Law or penal law involves prosecution by the government of a person for and act that has been classified as a crime. It is the body of statutory and common law that deals with crime and the legal punishment of criminal offenses. There are four theories of criminal justice: punishment,...
Howard Becker is hailed as the founder of modern labeling theory. He also developed the term "moral entrepreneur" to describe persons in power who campaign to have certain deviant behavior outlawed (Becker, 1963). He claims that many laws are established for such purposes, and that behavior that is defined as criminal is dynamic and changes throughout time. Therefore, the actual criminal behavior is irrelevant to the theory. What really matters is which outlaws are arrested and...