/Criminal law in Canada exists, in theory, to ensure social stability and protect people from harm. However, in reality it is used as an extremely effective approach to establish and reinforce existing power imbalances in society. As Clarke states, the "rules and regulations that govern a society will always ultimately reflect the interest of those who control it." Complex social issues are narrowed and reframed in a way that will serve the majority's interests and be the least...
The idea of the corrections system has been around for a while. Within this system there lies several different types of programs that do not require an offender to be placed in a prison or jail. These programs to allow the offender to remain out in the community, while being closely monitored. The earliest and most common programs are probation and parole. These two programs allow most offenders to be in their normal everyday setting, unless otherwise stated by the judge or probation or parole...
Public Corruption PolicePublic Corruption for ProfitPolice In America In Chapter 6, “Public Corruption for Profit”, Delattre (2006) addresses some very important aspects of law enforcement and the policing environment that not only make police more vulnerable to corruption but also to public scrutiny. The author begins the chapter with a description of incorruptibility, suggesting that it is an inherent attribute of the individual with good character who would never think of...
But in todays age where borders are less important, crime is also becoming borderless. Today, many countries are interconnected and many countries are involved in crimes such as drugs and human trafficking or illegal wildlife trade. Firstly, it will be argued that criminology must move beyond the nation state Reference to different forms of transnational crime will be made throughout the essay as examples and illustration of an argument. Also, the nature of transnational crime will be...
Employment and reintegration into the community for registered sex offenders is a daunting challenge due to victim access concerns, employment restrictions, reluctance from potential employers because of the stigma, housing and transportation problems. These are critical barriers that exacerbate finding employment. Instability in the above areas has also been correlated with recidivism. In order to secure safety and successful reintegration of sex offenders into the community, collaboration...
Criminology is a study that is constantly changing based on political, economic and spiritual concerns of the society. In an ever-changing society, theories that assist in explaining criminal behaviour often come to light and subsequently fade away. Theories are essential in a sense that they help us in understanding the manner in which the justice system functions. It highlights how things are and what they should not be. [] It can also assist in explaining crime that occurs on a...
whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have course, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law. This message is clear as it was in 1948, without the preservation of the rule of law, violations of rights occurs and where violations occur, rebellion is encouraged. The conclusion is evident: violating human rights cannot contribute to the maintenance of public order and security, but can only intensify...
A juvenile gang is an anti-social or any criminal act that is evident among children or adolescents. Juvenile delinquency is a legal term referring to how the children and adolescents behave and is viewed by the adults as a crime that needs to be judged under law (Columbia Encyclopedia, 2010). It's meaning and age limit differs in different countries, with some setting the juvenile's maximum age limit to be fourteen years while others may be as high as twenty one years. In many countries,...
The purpose of administering laws in any given society is to implement the states values upon their citizens. Although each individual state has its own views and opinions, it is in its best interest to enforce what is morally just to ensure the care and protection of its people. In regards to the regulation of recreational drugs, it is essential to understand that the following proposals are preferably for developed, industrialized, and westernized states, since they have similar existing...
There is no objective definition of terrorism but all the existing definitions have some common characteristics that occur in them. All definitions recognize that it's a systematic use of terror or unpredictable violence committed against governments, individuals or publics to attain political, religious or ideological motives by spreading fear with mostly a civilian target. According to the US' Code of Federal Regulation, it is the unlawful apply of force and violence against people or...