However, the new security threats are present and growing, and the traditional ones also present new features. Especially ethnic conflicts, child soldiering, HIV transmission, drug smuggling and human trafficking have put Myanmar in critical danger, which also have brought disasters to China. It's timely to analyze the critical security threats confronted by Myanmar at some length, and advances the countermeasures for Myanmar and China. First of all, the article explains that the essential...
Media discourse is sutured with crime. Crime consumes an enormous amount of media space as both entertainment and news. Much of our information about the nature and extend of crime comes to us via the secondary source of media. We should expect then, that as distributors of social knowledge, they play a significant role in our perception and understanding of the boundaries between order and disorder. (Surette, 1998: 11) Because of the importance of media in everyday life, the study of crime...
An issue that has continually created tension in today's society is whether the death penalty serves as a justified and valid form of punishment. According to the research that has been done, the death penalty should be abolished as it is an expensive, controversial form of revenge that targets the underprivileged and is applied inconsistently and unfairly. The death penalty is flawed in a number of ways; First of all there is a belief that the death penalty acts as a deterrent of future crimes...
Some cultures may see the classification of terrorism as a crime, as an ethnocentric view. Stevens, relates terrorism to Just War theory in an attempt to eliminate this suggestion. Stevens (2005), states that terrorism does not look for a better future, it does not attempt to find resolutions without using violence, and it aims to evoke the maximum, not the minimum level of horror and fear. Therefore terrorism does not follow the criteria set in the Just War theory, and can be considered a...
New Zealand as a nation focuses a great deal on developing a knowledge economy. However, statistics and research data on education tells a very different story. According to the reports released by the Ministry of Education, in New Zealand, each year around 10,000 students leave school without any formal qualification. Census shows that in the age group of 15- 18 years, at least 25% of the population is without any school qualification. There is still a considerable lack of current data at the...
Two Columbian University economists estimated by using a trade theory approach that the losses from immigration to the US natives at 0.8 % the GDP. This means that average loss for each native worker is more than 800 $. (NBER, Working paper NO 8971d, 2002). Borjas has stated that the immigrants impacting the wages of all native born workers including the recent native college graduates (Borjas, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 118, Nov. 2003, 1335-1374). The Cato Institute finds little or no...
Case Study 2: The purpose of Punishment within the criminal justice system. What role does punishment serve within the criminal justice system? Consider the part played by reductivism, incapacitation, retribution, deterrence and rehabilitation as by-products of the perceived need for the criminal justice system to punish offenders. How have political policies and other ideologies affected the state emphasis on the need to punish offenders? In the following paragraphs it is going to be explained...
These crimes include murder, robbery in which a deadly weapon was used, rape, or burglary. Differing opinions suggest that three strikes law is unfair and unjust because the law excessively affects African American and Latino men who have a higher representation throughout the criminal justice system. Others suggest that the three strikes law violates the Eighth Amendment of the Bill of Rights; because the law is unjust when convicted of a minor offense still count as a strike. I believe the...
Situational crime prevention is different from other crime control approaches that attempt to change the disposition or personality of offenders. Situational crime prevention policies do not deal with the crime or the criminal activity directly. Instead, situational crime prevention theories are based on changing the individual's environment. Situational crime prevention also targets potential victims by changing their behavior is a way as to reduce their likelihood of becoming crime victims....
With crime rates increasing in America, many young adults are influenced to commit crimes such as theft, drug abuse, and even murder. Such extreme crimes tend to be easy for young adults to commit due to the stresses of home life, acceptance among peers, and light sentencing from the courts. Crime rates are at such a high level because some Americans are resorting to crime in order to provide for their families. When family finances begin to decrease due to unemployment, or unexpected layoffs...