Juvenile Delinquent is a young person, under the adult age (in Malta, under the age of sixteen) who was engaged in a criminal behaviour. The Maltese Civil Code defines a minor "as a person of either sex who has not yet attained the age of eighteen years". Additionally the Maltese Criminal Code [] provides certain protection from severe punishments and even no punishment to minors despite the fact that a minor was involved in a criminal offence. Children under the age of...
Intimate partner violence is often experienced as a pattern, but sometimes it is possible to narrow down a progressing pattern of victimization. In 2006, Bowlus and Seitz determined two main factors in following the patterns of behaviour in abusive relationships, regardless of marriage status. First, the pattern of violence is cyclical, beginning with the stressor, an act of violence which is followed by repentance. Second, the women is characterized as becoming helpless. She is afraid to...
The article presents probably the most relevant research study related to Slovene prison system. The study was made as a two year research project sponsored by Ministry of Justice and carried out by Institute of Criminology in Ljubljana. Along with a longitudinal study of social climate in Slovene prison institutions, it evaluates the idea, practice and results of so called socio-therapy as a specific approach to treatment of offenders. "Specific" in this case means that treatment is...
Two traditions outline the beginning of criminology, these are the classical school of the Enlightenment and the positivist revolution of the nineteenth century, they strike at the very heart of the criminologist, is criminality chosen or determined? The two perspectives though very different in nature, have formed the overall basis to addressing problems of crime in our society and in this essay I will examine each approach in turn, describing firstly the background and main features of each...
Crime is one of the greatest challenges the world is experiencing today. Crime rates have continually shot up at the same time taking new dimensions. People faced by the challenges of accomplishing their responsibilities under various economies, environmental situations and mental psychology often end up in committing crime. The society in response to this has stipulated several lawful mechanisms to arrest the situation, punishment being the utmost resolved means. Punishing the criminals...
Classicist and positivists do share some principles however it can be said that they oppose each other to an extent. Classicist criminology is an approach which looks at the idea of rational action and free will. This approach was developed in the eighteenth century and early nineteenth century whereby they intended to produce a criminal justice system that was clear and legitimate and was based on everyone being equal. Positivist criminology is founded by the notion of scientific understanding...
Historically communities were not willing to get involved in to the criminal justice system because they claimed that they did not have confidence in the criminal justice system of their time.( Siegel 2008) This was because they believed that their voice was not heard efficiently, effectively and successfully within the criminal justice system. They also believed that offenders were not punished adequately for the crimes they have committed.( Hughes, McLaughlin, Muncie 2002) Another reason...
The past is one thing, but once a mistake is made, you might not have another chance to make it up. There is a way to change that, and America would give you a second chance in life. Just because one simple mistake would put you to jail, but America's Juvenile Justice System is here to help you. The Juvenile Justice System gives people a second chance in life, in which wouldn't keep a person in prison for life. It's said for a person to be in jail for ever, even if it's for a tiny incident...
The previous chapter has introduced the CP in Mozambique in term of origins and philosophy. These are taken in consideration for the CP in Matola and could be used as guide lines for the implementations of the CP in Matola. Yet, this chapter brings and analysis the key findings of the real dimension and situation of the CP helping to elaborate some theories. The process of triangulation showed that Matola was one of the first communities in Mozambique to practice the CP from 1996. Moreover the...
Sentencing a criminal for his crime may help to reduce the crime as a whole. The justice systems have made it their goals to impose sentences and punishments in order to provide an example to any other person who is thinking about committing that crime. People abstain from committing any crime when they know and fear the sentence is involved if they get caught. Some of the purposes to carry out criminal sentencing are reformation, retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation and incapacitation. The...