Over the past few decades, the study of terrorism appears to have gained a great deal of thought and a substantial intellectual interest. However, despite the avalanche of academic work on terrorism for more than four decades, the quest for an unassailable definition is a 'tenacious conceptual confusion' that mires the field (Silke 2004:4). Most researchers on terrorism have grappled with the parameters that can aid a working definition of terrorism devoid of biased political judgment. The...
Criminology & Crimes of the powerful.Q. Why has the analysis of crimes of the powerful been such a growth area in criminology over the past century? It is tempting to give a simple or even simplistic answer to the above question: it is tempting to say that analysis and theory of crimes of the powerful have grown so quickly in the last century because the quantity and diversity of such crimes have themselves exploded outwards. As the number of crimes committed by the powerful have risen...
This essay will critically evaluate the Kilbrandon ethos and will examine the proposed integrative, welfare-orientated approach in the decision making concerning children and their welfare. It will also take into account the recent moves towards a more punitive approach and the response concerning this modification. The Kilbrandon Report was established in 1964 by Lord Kilbrandon. Kilbrandon reviewed the existing juvenile justice system and felt the need to implement a new innovative radical...
Racial profiling occurs when law enforcement officers interpret race (specifically minority membership) as an indicator of increased risk of criminal behavior. Most racial profiling is conducted by officers engaged in street-level policing and this practice is generally banned by federal law, state statutes, and police manuals or guidelines (Wu, 2005). According the United States Department of Justice Fact Sheet on racial profiling: Racial profiling sends the dehumanizing message to our...
The relationship between mental illness and violence has long been a subject of debate and a general course of concern within the mental health profession, the public, correctional systems, and the criminal justice systems. As a result this has led to an increase in research being focused on the reasons why mentally ill people commit crimes. Debate about the need for, the nature of and care of people with mental illness is based on the idea that most of the individuals with mental illnesses are...
In the current essay we will discuss the fact that poverty causes crime. Poverty is a characteristic of the economic situation of the individual or social group in which they cannot satisfy a certain range of the minimum requirements needed for life saving ability.  Poverty is a relative concept and depends on the overall standard of living in this society. According to experts, not getting decent wages for their work, young people gradually lose the desire to marry, marry, have children -...
Situational Crime Prevention and its Utilization as a Tool against Would Be Criminals. Within the Criminal Justice field, scholars as well as enforcement continually strive to develop methods through which criminal activity may be prevented. A theory that has been explored by scholars is that of the Rational Choice Theory. Rational Choice Theory is based upon the belief that criminals make a conscious, rational, somewhat informed decision to act supported by a risk-benefit analysis of the...
Government has many organs that enables achieve its mandate. The homeland department in the United States of America is very important in enhancing the security situation in the United States. The papers discuss the department in details under different perspectives. Introduction The federal government of the United States has a department called Homeland security. It was created in response to the attacks of September in the United States of America (Parker, 2003). It major aim is to protect...
Democratic governance is generally anticipated to be more transparent and accountable. Transparency is an absence of concealment which allows corruption, which has become universal concern and the misgovernment that it carries with it is almost as widespread. Whenever there are opportunities that offer personal advantage or profit, people will try to take advantage of that opportunity. More or less Corruption has become part of every country but nations of a badly corrupt state may hardly...
Institution based correction is largely practiced in the American correctional systems. Institutional confinement has been used in America since the ancient times as history describes it. Early punishments for criminals were directed more at the criminal`s body and property as well. The main goals were to humiliate the offender, inflict pain and also deter onlookers from crime. Modernity in incarceration strives to change the character of the offenders and this takes place away from the...