The object of this essay is to compare the elements of various definitions of the term terrorism in an attempt to understand it as a concept, a weapon and method of influence. In doing so, this essay will also review terrorism against national security and Malaysia's vulnerability.DEFINITIONSThe word terror comes from the Latin word terrĂ„“re which means 'frighten', thus a terrorist is someone who favours or uses terror inspiring methods of governing or coercing government or...
Known as the CSI-Effect, the medias representation of criminal proceedings manipulates and distorts the deliberations made by juries resulting in unrealistic expectations of contemporary forensic science. The CSI-Effect has evolved and perpetuated through the emergence of popular crime dramas, such as CSI, NCIS, Bones and Criminal Minds that obscure the juries perspective of authentic, credible forensic science. Consequently, juries now perceive forensic evidence as, objective, reliable and...
Nowadays, illegal immigration continues to be a disputable and divisive issue, not only in the United States, but throughout the whole world. The migration of Mexicans into the United States is one of the key problems throughout the history of bilateral cooperation of Mexico and the United States. In this case, the speech is goes not about a legal entry into the country, which in one or another way can be planned and regulated by the U.S. authorities, but about a mass migration of illegal...
1. Explain pulling levers policing. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of this approach. Many jurisdictions have been experimenting with comparatively new problem-oriented policing models to halt gun and gang violence among chronic young offenders. Originating in Boston, one approach is the focused deterrence strategy, also known as pulling levers. Its intentions are to affect the demeanor and surroundings of the serious offenders that are known as being at the center of the gun and gang...
According to an American Psychological Association survey, 73% of Americans named money as the primary affecter of their stress levels. Stress can be influenced by a variety of factors however, whether it is accumulation of wealth, death of a friend, or perhaps loss of job. Anger and depression are often are the results of failing to achieve goals, such as a student struggling to fit in with his peers or with the loss of a positively valued stimuli such as a friend or family member. Peoples...
A Criminal Investigation is the process of discovering, collecting, preparing, identifying and presenting evidence to determine what happened and who is responsible. It is a reconstructive process that uses deductive reasoning, a logical process in which a conclusion follows from specific facts. From specific pieces of evidence, investigators establish proof that a suspect is guilty of an offence. (Hess & Orthmann, 2010) In this assignment I'm going to provide a clear understanding of an...
The aim of this first chapter is to outline sentencing practice and procedure in England and Wales from the 1980's until 2003 both generally and regarding custodial sentences of 0-12 months in length. It will provide an overview of how the current themes of sentencing have got to where they are today, setting the scene for chapter 2. The Halliday Report [] and Patrick Carter's 'managing offenders reducing crime' [] paper will be explored in this section when thinking about...
The United States has seen an increased mandate for forensic tools to combat terrorist activities, in part due to an increased use of improvised explosive devices (IEDs), both home and abroad. In Afghanistan in September 2009, there were 806 IED incidents, of which 106 were classified as 'effective attacks' (Schogol, 2009). Within the borders of the United States, from 2004-2006, there were 10,957 incidents with 546 injuries and 68 deaths but only 2,174 investigations were referred for...
For most Americans the freedom to avoid a cruel and unusual punishment is granted within the Eighth Amendment of the Bill of Rights. A heinous crime is committed, an individual is found to be guilty in a court of law, and death is a possible sentence. Many Americans agree that this system of criminal justice has served its purpose for decades. The problem lies in determining how old a person should be when considering the death penalty. Should juveniles be sentenced to death? And if found that...
The offence of burglary is defined by section 9 of the Theft Act 1968. It states that a person is guilty of committing the offence of burglary if they enter a building as a trespasser with the intent to steal or indeed attempts or is successful in stealing anything in the building. (Theft Act, 1968) Despite the fact that the number of burglaries that have been committed has consistently decreased over the past 15 years, it still remains one of the most prevalent forms of criminal attack in the...