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1. Introduction Slashing cases involving Singaporean youth gang members gain immense notoriety in 2010. The visibility of such criminal acts is amplified further by the mass media. Such reports provoke the public's latent fear of being attack by youth gangs especially so when high-profile cases such as the murder of Darren Ng at Downtown East was reported to occur in the evening between 5.30pm and 5.57pm at a time period where school-going children would be making their way home. This fuel the...
Criminal justice systems are critical to social order and safety: the heath, safety, well-being of each member of society and even social development itself are all considered to be dependent on the success of these programs. More than any other social institution, criminal justice is used as an indicator of social equity and order. Thus, there is a need to develop insights on how it can remain relevant and effective in society (Wall & Williams, 2007). Subsequently, this valuation of...
Gangs have spread to every corner and crevice both in suburban and inner city neighborhoods across America. These gangs migrated from the larger to the smaller cities in the late 80's and began to cause a trend of violence. They have also learned to evolve and adapt to their many hardships and adversities. Some of the largest gangs such as the Latin Kings and Black Peace Stones originated as non-violent social groups/clubs and for political agendas. After a few years, the gangs developed in a...
The main field of criminal investigation is forensic science. It is most important to understand to forensic science first. "Forensic science is the application of the science to the criminal and civil laws that are enforced by police agencies in a criminal justice system" (Richard S. 2007, page-5). Criminal investigation is "the collection of information and evidence for identifying, apprehending and convicting suspected offenders" Professor Ralph F. Turner of Michigan...
"While ex-offenders acknowledged that they needed to play their part in seeking a new life, they called for society to be more understanding, and for more rehabilitation and employment opportunities, so that they can reintegrate with, participate in, and contribute to society." Para 69, Report on "Youth: Creating our Future" Consultation Exercise 1....
It is hard to think about the future of crime trends because current conditions can change rapidly as some criminologist believe that crime rates may eventually rise as the number of teens in the population increases only some of criminologist believe this. I think the age structure of society is one of the most important determinants of crime rates but the economy, technological change and social factors will play an important role in crime rate in the UK. If unemployment continues to...
Most of the literature on internal displacement is produced either by or for western aid agencies. The mainstream literature is therefore influenced by the discourse of aid agencies and their view of internal displacement as a famine (i.e. food-related) humanitarian crisis, caused by or resulting from a disaster, a policy failure and a breakdown in the system. Within this discourse, internal displacement is often misconceived as a transient event, an unfortunate by-product of poverty, economic...
"As long as I have any choice, I will stay only in a country where political liberty, toleration, and equality of all citizens before the law are the rule."-Albert Einstein.For centuries, man has been fighting with his brother, over man-made issues of differences in their status, nationality, race, colour, religion to name a few. In India itself, this differentiation has taken shape in the form of differences in class, differences between Muslims and Hindus, Sikhs and Christians,...
This is an ever growing problem of violence faces Americans. The streets are becoming a battleground where individuals are been beaten for their belongings, women are terrified and viciously attacked and raped, teenage gangsters are shooting it out for a patch of territories to sell their illegal drugs, and innocent children are been caught every day in the crossfire of drive by shootings which end up in seriously injured or die. Society cannot look the other way and ignore the damage that...
Deviant acts are behaviours or actions that violate what is considered a social norm by a society. Deviance may or may not be formalized by law. When formalized it is a criminal deviance. Sociologists argue that social norms are different depending in communities, for example some communities believe that taking alcohol is a good practice, on the other hand other communities believe taking alcohol is a bad hence it is a deviant act. The definition of deviance changes over time as the world...