The Second Amendment to the U. S. Constitution states: "A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed". At the time this amendment was passed, the United States was primarily an agrarian society; guns were a part of the home, a necessity for daily life. The debate over stronger gun laws or gun control as some may see it has been happening for decades. Those for gun control believe it is...
Functionalists look at society as a whole, a functionalist would explain crime and deviance by saying that the nature of society itself is the cause of deviancy, rather than a psychological or biological perspective. Functionalists see crime and deviance as inevitable, and they feel that it is a necessary part of society. Some functionalist would also see crime and deviance as a positive aspect for society. Emile Durkheim, the founder of functionalism argued that a certain amount of crime in...
In the 1950th air traffic accidents occurred on regular basis. People thought that the reason for accidents may be the stage of development of aviation technology. In the 1970th there was the idea to focus on human factors for errors and accidents. Investigators analysed what happened, when it happened and who is to blame. In 1996 James Reason published the Normal Accidents Theory (NAT) emphasizing that people react differently to the same situation dependent on their thoughts, experiences and...
The USA PATRIOT Act is a statute enacted by the United States Congress that President George W. Bush signed into law on October 26, 2001. The contrived acronym stands for "Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism" Act. The Act increases the ability of law enforcement agencies to search telephone, e-mail communications, medical, financial, and other records; eases restrictions on foreign intelligence gathering within...
Introduction Classical choice theory dates back the 18th century and probably forms the bases of other theories too. This school of thought find it context by basing an argument that people are at liberty in decision making and therefore will behave in a manner that best suits their desires (Ambroise, 2006). The theory attributes that crime can be curbed to greater extent if there is a mobilization in societies to avert from getting influenced by their desires and pleasures in taking an action...
This paper talks about some issues related to the cost of crime. It presents different findings and questions; victim costs regarding the effect on individual well-being, as well as crime cost to the community and the police; it shows some of the spending made by police and government agencies. It also gives a paradoxical theory about the relation between existence of crime and job opportunities for law enforcement officers. The paper examines the increase of the annual cost of crime in the...
'Men are aggressors and women are victims' is a very stereotypical view might be held by the majority of society and by some of the first criminologists; however criminology has evolved to try and understand how this stereotype has come to be seen as the norm within crime. They also try exploring whether this stereotype is in fact true or whether there are various differences. To understand the part of this stereotype that women are victims we must first look into the role of a victim. The role...
The purpose of the Criminal Justice System is to deliver justice to all, by protecting innocent members of the society, to punish and convict criminals and to provide help to them in an attempt to stop them offending; at least that is what the society expects of the Criminal Justice System. It is supposed to deliver justice in a fair manner regardless of gender. However much is written that suggests otherwise. Chivalry, believed by Pollak (1960) is a theory which claims that women are treated...
"murder is when a man of sound memory and of the age of discretion, unlawfully killeth within any country of the realm any reasonable creature in rerum natura under the king's peace, with malice aforethought, either expressed by the party or implied law, so as the party wounded or hurt, etc, die of the wound or hurt, within a year and a day of the same." The aim of this essay is to determine whether the case study is typical of homicides and also to analyse in general and to clarify...
Self concept is the idea of looking at ones self either with high or low regard. One can look at herself or himself with high or low regard. The main objective of self concept is to show where people should not tell anyone who they are instead you should tell yourself who you would like to be. Self-confidence, self-worth and self-esteem are not tangible goods; they are cultivated and made part of human-beings. This paper shall focus on self-image and how it may lead to crime. It will explore...