There occurrence and re-occurrences of events in the social world create a need and basis for sociological explanation. Sociology as a discipline then tries to provide intellectually responsible explanations of these events, social scientists are therefore capable of producing explanations that can both interpret and create understanding. Their work allows further reflection on the problem of explanations in sociological work (Brown, 1963). This essay will focus on whether or not social...
Terrorism is a subject matter, not a discipline. It has been approached by scholars from various academic perspectives with political scientists in the lead. In an effort to get a firm hold on a slippery subject, those studying the phenomenon of terrorism were obliged to define it more precisely. Terrorism could be described simply as the use or threat of violence to create an atmosphere of fear and alarm and thus bring about a political result. But making this definition operative in political...
Case State Court Discussion Board The following case is related to a large narcotics trafficking organization. According to the case, it should be first considered in the individual state court as it is a multi-state conspiracy. Factors The factors that should be considered regarding this determination should be: number of people involved in the crime from each state, amount of drugs seized, extent of crime whether national or international, amount of cash involved as it then requires the case...
There is a growing debate about gun violence in the USA. These incidents are mostly common for poor urban territories. Unfortunately more often juveniles and young adults are engaged in those criminal gun violence cases. Taking into consideration historical backgrounds, such as magnicides of President Abraham Lincoln in 1865 and of both American Presidents - James Garfield, William McKinley and John Kennedy, gun violence is not a surprising event in the United States. All these and other...
Problem Oriented Policing What, exactly, is problem oriented policing? Critically discuss its potential benefits. Policing in the UK and many other countries play an extremely vital part in helping to reduce different forms of crime. The police have a major impact on what becomes defined as a crime, which offences are prioritized, and which sections of the community are portrayed as ‘dangerous’ or ‘troublesome’. (Waddington 2000:156). There are a number of different...
The goal of Cobb Juvenile Court is to provide Juvenile offenders with supervision and program services to increase the probability of the young offenders becoming law-abiding adult citizens. The probation officers hired by the court are required enforce the conditions of probation in order to provide the services needed to condition the offenders for re-entry into the community. The different departments within the Cobb Juvenile court collaborate to providing the guidance, structure and...
Fear is an alarming emotion that is aroused by any danger or perceived threat. It is an emotion that helps us survive occurring in response to a specific stimulus, such as pain or the threat of danger. Terrorism is the use of violence to create fear for a political or ideological goal. The fear that terrorism has on people escalated highly after in-voluntary terrorist attacks around the world. The effect being that it creates a fear of danger in people's minds affecting them highly in everyday...
Early juvenile justice was often harsh, just a little over a century ago delinquents above the age of seven would be beat, shamed and thrown in jail with adult prisoners. This soon came to an end though in the late 1800's when progressive reformers in Illinois persuaded the legislature to pass the 1899 Illinois Juvenile Court Act creating America's first juvenile court. This act adopted the early English common law parens patriae philosophy which essentially maintained that the care...
Between 1993 and 1995, 26 states and the federal government passed the "Three Strikes" Law. "Under this law, a person who is convicted of three felonies is given a mandatory 25-to-life sentence. A felony is defined as any crime punishable by 1 year or more in prison" (Messerli, 2006). This law was passed in reaction to the murder of 12 year old, Polly Klass. She was kidnapped and murdered by a paroled repeat offender. "Unlike the federal laws, the three-strikes...
Punishment remains an important legal process in the criminal justice system of the world. One of the world's oldest forms of punishment is capital punishment. It is also commonly known as death penalty. It has continued to be practiced in some part of their justice system even in today's society. Other than capital punishment, among the contemporary forms of punishment are imprisonment, monetary fine and probation. This essay will discuss on capital punishment as a contemporary form of...