This section will attempt to set out the background to this dissertation along with the aims, objectives and some of the main concepts of this subject. It will also show the reasons and justifications for the dissertation alongside demonstrating its significance. This section will construct what will be studied and argue why it is worth doing. By the end of this chapter, the range, area and scope of the dissertation will be demonstrated.1.1 - BackgroundBoth drugs and crime are terms that go...
Introduction In considering the relationships between states and agencies, and the manner in which this contributes to securing humanitarian personnel against the threat of terrorism, it was necessary to consider the current security environment in which humanitarian operations are being implemented. Many commentators have suggested that the dramatic events of 9/11 represented a watershed moment in terms of the global security environment and are arguably considered as the most bold 'terrorist'...
Criminal recidivism poses a serious risk to public safety. In the 1990's, the United States passed a series of laws to counter the sex offender threat to the public. The government solution for the problem of sex offenders was greeted by updates in sex offender registration and notification laws. These registration and notification laws were put into place after various incidents involving sex crimes ended in the death of a child. The exposure surrounding these cases drove the government to...
Before the 18th Century individuals who were criminals were treated with severe and barbaric torture and majority of them were brutally executed in the public arena, this was called 'bloody code'. Near the end of the 1700's, individuals who committed criminal activities were dealt with very differently from the bloody code era. Foucault developed the concept of training and controlling the criminals, this was called the 'enlightment era'. (Foucault 1991). Throughout the biggest part of...
Crime is defined as an act that the law makes punishable and is often called an offense. It is an offense against the public, as compared to a tort, which is a wrongdoing against an individual and gives rise to an action for damages. Crimes produce two kinds of injuries: Social and Personal. Social injury pertains to the State and it is repaired through the imposition of penalty prescribed by law, and Personal injury pertains to the offended party and it is repaired by indemnification which is...
This paper looks to critically evaluate whether Muslim communities have been affected by counter-terrorism legislation in the UK as part of a literature review in serving to prepare for a much larger piece of work. This work consists of considering whether these community members have been effectively radicalised leading to extremism either within the local community or in the UK at large. It is also necessary to evaluate the way in which views in this regard that have been put forward by...
Currently more than ever agencies are trying to recruit their ranks with a diverse officer corps that mirrors the populations they patrol. This comprises women and those from a multiplicity of racial and ethnic milieu as well as other minority clusters. Quoting the Bureau of Justice Statistics, racial and ethnic minorities in state and government agencies comprised of 24 percent of full-time under oath recruits in 2003, up from 15 percent in 1988. Women represented 11.5 percent of officials in...
Husemann, Eron and Dubow (2002) stated that aggressive behaviour in the childhood years is a good indicator of aggressive, anti-social and criminal adult behaviour. In this essay I will examine various theoretical perspectives which highlight factors that are held to contribute to childhood delinquency and may give rise to careers in crime as adults. Secondly, I will identify those factors that are amenable to change at the macro level through policy decisions through state sponsored...
Use and ownership of guns requires strict regulation by the government to prevent any form of misuse. Policies on possession of firearms especially guns in USA differs from those of Canada. These policies dictate ownership and use of guns in the community. Statistics indicate that almost seventy five percent of US families are in possession of licensed guns. This is contrary to families in Canada who have minimal and regulated possession of guns. In Canada, strict measures are in place to...
Reviewing empirical research examining the relationship between drug use and crime. Undeniably, there is a strong association between illicit drug use and criminal activity, which appears to be consistent across much of the empirical literature with regard to the relationship between drug use and crime. (Moore, T. et.al 2007, p.369) However, the relationship between drug use and crime is complex and dynamic, often associated with entrenched social and health problems such as unemployment, socio...