The article presents probably the most relevant research study related to Slovene prison system. The study was made as a two year research project sponsored by Ministry of Justice and carried out by Institute of Criminology in Ljubljana. Along with a longitudinal study of social climate in Slovene prison institutions, it evaluates the idea, practice and results of so called socio-therapy as a specific approach to treatment of offenders. "Specific" in this case means that treatment is...
Two traditions outline the beginning of criminology, these are the classical school of the Enlightenment and the positivist revolution of the nineteenth century, they strike at the very heart of the criminologist, is criminality chosen or determined? The two perspectives though very different in nature, have formed the overall basis to addressing problems of crime in our society and in this essay I will examine each approach in turn, describing firstly the background and main features of each...
Crime is one of the greatest challenges the world is experiencing today. Crime rates have continually shot up at the same time taking new dimensions. People faced by the challenges of accomplishing their responsibilities under various economies, environmental situations and mental psychology often end up in committing crime. The society in response to this has stipulated several lawful mechanisms to arrest the situation, punishment being the utmost resolved means. Punishing the criminals...
Classicist and positivists do share some principles however it can be said that they oppose each other to an extent. Classicist criminology is an approach which looks at the idea of rational action and free will. This approach was developed in the eighteenth century and early nineteenth century whereby they intended to produce a criminal justice system that was clear and legitimate and was based on everyone being equal. Positivist criminology is founded by the notion of scientific understanding...
Historically communities were not willing to get involved in to the criminal justice system because they claimed that they did not have confidence in the criminal justice system of their time.( Siegel 2008) This was because they believed that their voice was not heard efficiently, effectively and successfully within the criminal justice system. They also believed that offenders were not punished adequately for the crimes they have committed.( Hughes, McLaughlin, Muncie 2002) Another reason...
The past is one thing, but once a mistake is made, you might not have another chance to make it up. There is a way to change that, and America would give you a second chance in life. Just because one simple mistake would put you to jail, but America's Juvenile Justice System is here to help you. The Juvenile Justice System gives people a second chance in life, in which wouldn't keep a person in prison for life. It's said for a person to be in jail for ever, even if it's for a tiny incident...
The previous chapter has introduced the CP in Mozambique in term of origins and philosophy. These are taken in consideration for the CP in Matola and could be used as guide lines for the implementations of the CP in Matola. Yet, this chapter brings and analysis the key findings of the real dimension and situation of the CP helping to elaborate some theories. The process of triangulation showed that Matola was one of the first communities in Mozambique to practice the CP from 1996. Moreover the...
Sentencing a criminal for his crime may help to reduce the crime as a whole. The justice systems have made it their goals to impose sentences and punishments in order to provide an example to any other person who is thinking about committing that crime. People abstain from committing any crime when they know and fear the sentence is involved if they get caught. Some of the purposes to carry out criminal sentencing are reformation, retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation and incapacitation. The...
What are the main arguments for and against the use of Anti-Social Behaviour Orders? In this essay I will focus on the main arguments against Anti Social Behaviour order (ASBO). This essay will focus on statistic and examining whether or not ASBO been successful in punishing and deterring the criminal behaviour in society by looking at the official statistics of (Home Office 2007) and the effect of media on ASBO. I will first explore what actually anti social behaviour is and what ASBO are....
Law enforcement has established to be an important part in modern day society. The law enforcer more commonly known as the police officer has the primary functions to fight crime and maintain the peace in an effective and efficient manner. Over the last decades the role of the law enforcer has evolved which has provided researchers the opportunity to explore and study the nature of policing by the utilization of specific models. Most researchers have identified a trend in the increased number...