There are two general methods of dealing with juvenile offenders. The placement of juveniles in state facilities represents an older model that has been leftover from the movement towards mass incarceration of criminal offenders. A newer model known as realignment calls for a shift in responsibility and resources from state to local governments in the providing of juvenile justice services and supervision for adjudicated youth. A small number of states have implemented realignment strategies to...
Throughout this assignment, it will aim to highlight the similarities and differences between the models of the criminal justice system, especially looking at the 'due process' model and the 'crime control' model. These models consist of challenging crime and allowing the right justice to be issued. Briefly, the 'due process' model was designed to make sure individuals had their rights portrayed and that they had a fair trial to defend themselves in court. In contrast, the 'crime control' model...
In October 27, 1970, the United States Congress enacted the Controlled Substances Act, which was a provision of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970. This act crated the Federal U.S. drug policy under which the manufacture, importation, possession, use and distribution of certain substances were to be regulated. In the next year, President Nixon declares a "War on Drugs", and classifies "illicit substances" as "public enemy number one"....
Whenever we go through daily newspapers or news on broadcast media or internet, one of the most common topics we can find is deaths in custody. This is something that we get to hear about most often from people surrounding us, and it has been happening for quite a long time, not only in a particular country or region, but in the whole world. However, many people is dying in custody each year. The deaths while in custody remains a very controversial topic as it is believed that the main reasons...
The Act at the forefront of this examination is the Criminal Organisations Act; assented to by the Queensland Government on the third of December 2009. The Act was enacted as a supposed "solution" to the alleged rise in bikie related crime. It is defined by the Queensland Government (2009) as:An Act to provide for the making of declarations and orders for the purpose of disrupting and restricting the activities of organisations involved in serious criminal activity, and of their...
Juvenile Violence is on the rise Juvenile violence has become one of the biggest problems we have in the United States. It is thought to be a big problem in the urban city, but it is not just a problem in the inner city. The problem has spread to the suburban areas as well. People are trying to defend themselves by purchasing everything they can to fight against juvenile crime. Women arm themselves with mace, they put car alarms and clubs on their cars, houses are equipped with security systems...
The Reid method (Inbau, Reid and Buckley and Jayne, 2001) is the most influential interrogation method used across the United States of America (Gudjonsson, 1992). It proposes 9 steps for after a pre-interrogation interview to enable effective interrogation to result in confession; Step 1 - Direct Confrontation. Step 2 - Theme building; either minimising their crime or maximising it and exaggerating evidence. Step 3 - Handling denials. Step 4 - Overcoming objections. Step 5 - Retention of...
Terrorism has become a political nightmare in some countries with scholars and security professional struggling to implement adequate counter measures to negate what is viewed as an exotic act. With the advent of suicide terrorism as a potent weapon in the arsenal of the terrorist, there has been a plethora of literature purporting to be authoritative source identifying causes and possible solutions. The task of the author is not to authenticate any of the available literature but to generate...
Alcohol is a psychoactive drug that has a depressant effect. "A depressant is the substance that reduces the functions of the central nervous system, as result it relaxes the body and the mind. However, many people fail to understand logistics and consider alcohol to be an antidepressant and believe that it treats their depression, and anxiety disorders. "It affects the brain very much like the other depressants such as, barbiturates, tranquilizers and benzodiazepines. In small...
When convicted criminal were transported to Pentonville they were required to leave all their clothes and personal belongings to a member of the prison staff. The next step of the entering process was the prisoner to have a specific type of bath. The purpose of it was not to actually clean their flesh, but to "wash off" their criminal background. Furthermore, every single prisoner was required to have their heads shaven. They were also supplied with uniforms which were with different...