Whenever the word terrorism is heard, actual terror seizes the hearts of men and women, the old and the young. There is no denying the fact that people are more aware of terrorism today than they were a decade ago. Names such as Osama Bin Laden bring very sad and unpleasant memories both to those who have directly borne the brunt of terrorism and those who have had the chance to watch the news or read newspapers. For countries such as United States of America, United Kingdom, Somalia, Kenya,...
The United States of America law defines terrorism as "predominated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by sub-national groups or clandestine agents" (U.S. Code Title 22, Ch.38, Para 2656f (d). Hoffman has defined a terrorist act as an act of violence vested upon a given people so as to attract the attention of the opponents and the general public which is followed by communication of a message from the terrorists (Hoffman 2003, p. 118). A...
Throughout the United Kingdom imprisoned pregnant women constitute a small minority group which relatively little is known about their care and implications of their imprisonment. In this research project the areas that will be covered are the main problems that all expectant mothers and families have to face when a pregnant woman is sent to prison. In the UK the female prison population is 3,967 in 2013 (Ministry of Justice, 2013) but still increasing each year. Most women who enter...
Carrabine et al, 2002, p. 5: '…no government or police force has ever succeeded in producing totally accurate maps and measures of crime.' Page 9: Young men dominate official statistics on violence as both offenders and victims, crime statistics have consistently found the typical offender to be male (over 80% of offenders known to authorities of which almost half are under the age of 21). Pubs, clubs and streets provide the main locations for their encounters with violence, whilst for...
Large number of color inmates in our prisons have been seen for decades back. Not too many researchers took the stand to address this matter and bring it to light. luckily, there were a few that committed themselves to finding out why the number of non-whites offenders is so high in the cells of our prisons. In this brief paper I will discuss and evaluate their stand points on this issue. While scores of blacks and Latinos are being imprisoned for minor drug offences every day, more take their...
Any individual hoping to investigate what the problems and limitations of harm reduction are as it stands now and the direction it should go in, must be aware of the development of harm reduction as a solution to drug use. The individual will also need to further investigate the benefits and advantages of harm reduction. Five areas are particularly important when examining what the problems and limitations of harm reduction are. How harm reduction is defined and how it has developed over the...
Youth are impacted by a combination of serious social problems, such as racism, classism, and sexism. Often, young people are forced to navigate these concerns alone, since most traditional youth programs rarely address these issues and how they may hinder on young people's development (Ginwright and James, 2002). The strain of relentless oppression, in combination with the inability to confront these conditions, has led many to believe that the existence of both can be deadly. Research...
Community policing is essentially a philosophy that stimulates organisational tactics, which support the methodical use of partnerships and problem-solving procedures concentrated at achieving more effective and efficient crime control, reduced fear, improved quality of life and police legitimacy, through a proactive faith in community resources. This adopts a need for greater liability of police, greater public share in decision making, and greater concern for civil rights and liberties. ...
The concern about racial profiling is erupting throughout the country. Many provinces, cities, social groups, and academics have decided to study racial profiling, and how race and ethnicity may play a part in police investigations. Toronto is no different. Allegations of racial profiling have been around for years and still are a subject that creates a lot on media hype and controversy surrounding police. Racial profiling should not be confused in with criminal profiling, because they are two...
Immigration is a very controversial issue which has been greatly debated within the past 10 years. There are two sides to every issue, so in addition to providing background information on immigration, this paper will show both sides of immigration. Knowing background information and both sides helps make an informed and intelligent stance on an issue. Immigration can be good or bad, depending on how it is looked at. Despite what many Americans believe, immigrants come to America from many...