The Criminal Justice Field has had many great developments and contributions made by many people all around the world that have affected it evolution. These contributions have affected the criminal investigative process and forensic science area in the criminal justice field. Law enforcement officers have many roles and procedures that have significance in the field of criminal justice; these roles include police officers as first responders, crime scene investigators as collectors,...
Current studies have displayed the media (specifically mass media) as being more open, varied, persistent, and powerful than previous researchers had argued. The media not only reports on occurrences but also directly participates in the processes that such occurrences are composed and take form in the world. The mass media is inseparable from people and the various channels they use in seeking justice but is an integral part of their daily processes in their quest for justice. It is in this...
Adolescents who have a substance abuse problem leads to deviant acts that leads to problems in their adulthood. Mental problems that develop from substance abuse and drug problem may be one of the factors that affect their behaviour in society. Substance abuse and criminal behaviour on adolescents and possibly adulthood is affected by the environment they were brought up in and parental influence is the major factor that causes teenagers to use drugs and alcohol that may cause problems...
Despite the long-lasting political notoriety of the drug issues, relatively sound policies and considerable investments, the United Kingdom has the highest prevalence of dependent drug use and some of the highest numbers of recreational drug users in Europe (Reuter, 2007). There are vast arrays of different policies and programmes working towards solving problems related to drug use, but while the dedication and level of investment may shift with political change, the UK has tried to cope with...
DNA which is known as Deoxyribonucleic Acid was first discovered in 1953, by two scientists, James Watson and Francis Crick. DNA is the genetic material of all cellular organisms. All living organisms and most viruses contain DNA. Cells contain the proteins needed to replicate. DNA copies itself, passing on the information needed for protein synthesis. Replication is the process by which DNA passes on the information for each descendent cell or virus. DNA is organized on chromosomes located in...
According to Sun Tzu, to win a war we need to know the enemy, yet Hoffman clearly stated that terrorism is often "confused or equated with, or treated as synonymous with, guerrilla warfare and insurgency". Not only is his observation nearly prophetically correct, but also profoundly indicative of the reason terrorism is so difficult to combat. Understandably confused and often considered to be synonymous based on their similarities in tactics and their varying degree in criminal...
Sexual assault refers to any sexual intercourse that is against an individual's will or without permission. Sexual assault includes cases where aggression, force, or arms are used. In other cases, the victims are intoxicated or frightened to grant consent. Sexual assault occurs to both men and women. Actually, it has been estimated that approximately 5% to 10% of the sexual violence cases in the United States incorporate male victims. Laws against sexual assault were passed, originally, to stop...
Can the current state of corrections in the United States be improved? A historical look at correction in the United States reveals that there has been a series of swings form one model of correction to another. With the constant changes in the correction models, several questions raised before still beg for answers. How has the growth in correction systems resulted in crime reduction? Are the high costs involved on correction justified? Is society safer today than it was before the...
The Second Amendment to the U. S. Constitution states: "A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed". At the time this amendment was passed, the United States was primarily an agrarian society; guns were a part of the home, a necessity for daily life. The debate over stronger gun laws or gun control as some may see it has been happening for decades. Those for gun control believe it is...
Functionalists look at society as a whole, a functionalist would explain crime and deviance by saying that the nature of society itself is the cause of deviancy, rather than a psychological or biological perspective. Functionalists see crime and deviance as inevitable, and they feel that it is a necessary part of society. Some functionalist would also see crime and deviance as a positive aspect for society. Emile Durkheim, the founder of functionalism argued that a certain amount of crime in...