This paper looks to critically evaluate whether Muslim communities have been affected by counter-terrorism legislation in the UK as part of a literature review in serving to prepare for a much larger piece of work. This work consists of considering whether these community members have been effectively radicalised leading to extremism either within the local community or in the UK at large. It is also necessary to evaluate the way in which views in this regard that have been put forward by...
Currently more than ever agencies are trying to recruit their ranks with a diverse officer corps that mirrors the populations they patrol. This comprises women and those from a multiplicity of racial and ethnic milieu as well as other minority clusters. Quoting the Bureau of Justice Statistics, racial and ethnic minorities in state and government agencies comprised of 24 percent of full-time under oath recruits in 2003, up from 15 percent in 1988. Women represented 11.5 percent of officials in...
Husemann, Eron and Dubow (2002) stated that aggressive behaviour in the childhood years is a good indicator of aggressive, anti-social and criminal adult behaviour. In this essay I will examine various theoretical perspectives which highlight factors that are held to contribute to childhood delinquency and may give rise to careers in crime as adults. Secondly, I will identify those factors that are amenable to change at the macro level through policy decisions through state sponsored...
Use and ownership of guns requires strict regulation by the government to prevent any form of misuse. Policies on possession of firearms especially guns in USA differs from those of Canada. These policies dictate ownership and use of guns in the community. Statistics indicate that almost seventy five percent of US families are in possession of licensed guns. This is contrary to families in Canada who have minimal and regulated possession of guns. In Canada, strict measures are in place to...
Reviewing empirical research examining the relationship between drug use and crime. Undeniably, there is a strong association between illicit drug use and criminal activity, which appears to be consistent across much of the empirical literature with regard to the relationship between drug use and crime. (Moore, T. et.al 2007, p.369) However, the relationship between drug use and crime is complex and dynamic, often associated with entrenched social and health problems such as unemployment, socio...
The question of whether the process of incarceration is effective or not, is one debate, it can assist the rehabilitation of some offenders and at the same time can have a harmful effect on others. Whether custody is an appropriate response to youthful offending is another debate, the impacts of custody can have totally different impact on those under the age of 18, the way they respond to custody and the way they react to custody in the life after. Crisis now defines the core of the English...
This paper explores the impact of penal populism on policy change, examining definitions of penal populism and managerialism and evaluating their importance as determinants of policy change. For the purpose of this paper, the focus will be on the campaign for Sarah's Law and the impact on policies relating to sex offenders that arose from the campaign. According to Pratt (2007) the origins of penal populism lie in the work of Sir Anthony Bottoms (1995) who used the term 'populist punitiveness'...
Vehicle related represents a substantial proportion of all property crime - probably in the region of one fifth. And yet, crimes involving motor vehicles seem far from a political or a criminological priority. Why? Corbett (2003) suggests that the primary reason is our value system: we are practically and emotionally dependant on the car and consequently reluctant to admit, let alone embrace, the problems associated with its use. Much car crime is not perceived as real crime and, Corbett (2003)...
The concept of Forensic psychology involves the combination of law and psychology. The objective of this document is to attempt to explain the subject matters involving each field of Forensic psychology to wit; Criminal, Juvenile, Civil and Investigative subspecialties, by utilizing research, recourses, current, past and prior professional experiences. This document will attempt to combined research with educational awareness of the aforementioned subject matter. In addition, the aspect of...
Recidivism, in the criminal justice context, is most simply defined as a relapse into criminal behavior (Merriam-Webster Online, 2010). Once a convicted criminal has served his or her time and is released from incarceration, in a perfect world, they would never return. One might assume that having lost all individual liberties, a person would do everything within their power to not ever be in that predicament again. However, against all logic, this is not always the case. When an ex-convict...