Throughout history there has been a cyclical pattern of juvenile justice policies. Over the past 200 years there has been a cycle of lenient treatments followed by a toughening up process. Bernard theorizes that by studying history, present policies can be explained and future policies predicted and changed. He also proposes that we can have an acceptable juvenile justice policy if we can break the cycle and develop new ideas about juvenile delinquency and juvenile justice. In order to break...
This paper is a discussion on modern suicide terrorism, starting with a brief history of suicide terrorism, moving onto definitions, characteristics, theories and the asymmetries of suicide terrorism. Suicide terrorism can be dated back to ancient times; it is the evolution of the suicide bomber that brings the most notoriety. With many analysts such as (Gunaratna, 2000; Winkates, 2006), trace the evolution of modern suicide terrorism to Sri Lanka and Lebanon in the 1980s. Acts of suicide...
To carry out a new research, review of old related literature is an important factor for constructing a concrete and solid building of any research work. One should not neglect or leave even a minor thing only because it was of the past or should not be accepted without any concrete evidence because a new idea has been given by some one. It is considered essential to link previous knowledge or work of some one with the new thought. It means that it is considered obvious that to work on new idea...
Security has been one of the main issues for most of the countries in the world; UK however is on the front foot with this danger through its unique and strict policies. However, even after such strong and positive attitude we learned that UK was under terrorist attacks in the year 2005. Which directly or indirectly forces one to think that more needs to be done in order to avoid such accidents as of happening and such dangers from occurring taking so many precious lives? A lot it has been said...
White & Hanes, (2008) the growth of ancient theory demonstrates that classical and positivist schools of criminology are a current approach to dealing with criminal acts. The main idea of the two key schools is to create sufficient approaches to stop deviant behaviour that are considered to be most dangerous to society. Although the purposes of both approaches added to the reasons of criminal activities, both the schools present opposite philosophies to explain deviant behaviour White et...
This article depicts how human rights issues are represented in the media. Current studies have displayed the media (specifically mass media) as being more open, varied, persistent, and powerful than previous researchers had argued. The media not only does it report on occurrences but also directly participates in the processes of which such occurrences are composed and take form in the world. The mass media is inseparable from people and the various channels they use in seeking justice but is...
There is an increasing recognition of the phenomenon of mixed motivations for migration and mixed migration flows that include both people who cross the border to escape conflict or those who leave due to economic strays. The emergence of these complex migration dynamics requires that policy take into account the mixed motivations of migrants and the mixed migratory flows they are subject to. The notion of 'mixed migration' in international policy regulations was introduced for the first time...
According to an essay published online on the USLegal.com website, crime control refers to a theory of criminal justice that places an emphasis on reducing crime in society through increased police and prosecutorial powers. In contrast, the due justice model of crime and punishment focuses on individual liberties and rights. To do so, the due justice model limits the powers of government in criminal prosecution. Crime control emphasizes the power of the government to protect society by...
"Why women should choose to reintegrate into a society which treats them so punitively that it excludes them again and again and again?" This major question raised in 2006 is perhaps one of the foremost concerns of Pat Carlen's feminist support. Strongly opposed to women in prison state of affairs, she is widely regarded as one of the world's leading experts on crime, gender and punishment. []  Carlen has put through career as a Professor of Sociology at Bath...
The National Statistician in 2011 acknowledged that 'the exclusion of crimes against children from the BCS estimates has been considered a major gap'. As a result, in 2009 the survey was extended to include children aged between 10 and 15 (Home Office Statistical Bulletin 2010/11, p. 20). This may help in gaining further knowledge of the full extent of crime in Britain, although this process also comes with its own limitations. The children may not be entirely accurate in their accounts, or...