A one of the newest developments in research literature that has gained much trend and acceptance in the recent past is the idea which postulates that substance abuse treatment is more effective when competent issues such as culture and gender-specific considerations are taken into account. VanderWaal et. al (2001), for instance, argues that consideration of ethnicity and culture is vital for the treatment of young addicts or offenders. Juvenile drug courts are also considering the cultural...
The criminalization phenomenon exists as a broad topic in the legal fields, and this has continued to draw immense concerns for years. Renowned figures within the criminal justice institutions have addressed the crime, and punishment approaches and strategies in diverse ways and they deliver different explanations. Additional scrutiny has also been presented by contemporary scholars such as Husak and Patterson (2010), Husak (2008), Ashworth (2000), Barkow (2006), Thomas (1998), and many others....
This research is based on current information, data from previous years cited upon accessibility and availability and importance. Likewise information connected with the effects of gun control laws in diverse environmental areas represents random, demographically different areas which such information is available. For many people and especial lly the Americans, gun control or ownership creates a comforting feeling of security. The immense and greater numbers of Americans who own guns are the...
There is a disproportionate amount of African American males in prison when compared with their white counterparts. This paper addresses the problem from a sociological point of view. The basic theories underlining this approach are from the conflict perspective as well as the positivist viewpoint expressed by Merton and Cohen. Issues such as the construction of the family, educational opportunities and poverty are examined. Inconsistencies of the judicial system are looked as well. This paper...
The emergency and the development of both crime prevention and community safety have experienced a long history. According to Weatheritt (1986), there are 'two histories of crime prevention can be written'. The first history of crime prevention is achievement one, because of containing both theoretical support and institutional activities. Meanwhile, the officials praise crime prevention highly as the primary aim of policing. However, there is the other history of crime prevention: the...
This paper provides a concise summary of an international comparative study on the effects of religious affiliation and religiosity on attitudes to offending. This research investigates the relationship between religion and attitudes toward victimless crimes. It distinguishes between two aspects of religion that affect social norms, namely belonging to a particular religious organization and a person's religiosity. Furthermore it provides other conclusions from other research and also some...
Last week's brutal schoolyard murder of four Arkansas girls and a teacher was front page-news not only in America but all across Europe. British papers ran pictures of the cherubic suspects, aged 13 and 11, and the headlines reading MASSACRE BOYS COULD BE FREE AT 18. Roy Taylor, the headmaster of the Dunblane, Scotland school, where 16 children and their teacher were shot two years ago last month, expressed sadness and shock. Meanwhile, Germans and French were outraged by the report one of the...
Biochemistry is of great utility for Forensic Science investigations, with the biochemical technique of DNA fingerprinting being of particular importance. The development of the biochemical techniques for DNA sequencing allowed the genomes of organisms to be sequenced (Berg et al, 2002: Prelude). As a result, genetic markers can now be used to identify individual members of a population (James and Nordby, 2005: 283). This capacity is clearly beneficial in forensic investigations. However,...
Juvenile justice systems across the country are experiencing major challenges resulted in a failure to meet their original goal to change the deviant behavior of the juvenile delinquent by focusing on rehabilitation in order to ensure juveniles have an opportunity for a future life as a productive citizen. Despite this goal juvenile justice system, in many cases, has failed to rehabilitate the juvenile and instead have become more prone to placing juvenile delinquents in juvenile detention...
How many times have you ever driven by a police cruiser and saw a person, in handcuffs, riding along? These people vary in age from middle aged to elderly. The law does not discriminate against age. Some of those very people are juveniles (under the age of eighteen). But age aside, we probably never think twice about where they will end up, or what is to become of them. Every year "thousands of juveniles enter the justice system each and every year. New movements are allotting some...