Introduction Individual Ministerial Responsibility (IMR)[1]is part of the wider doctrine of ministerial responsibility, which also includes Collective Ministerial Responsibility.According to Individual Ministerial Responsibility:• Ministers are individually responsible for the work of their departments and are answerable to Parliament for all their departments activities.• They are expected to accept responsibility for any failure in administration, any injustice to an individual or any aspect...
Brief Statement Of The Facts Washington University is a US university in St. Louis, Missouri. It is a well known private research university which has a Urologic Surgery Division (USD). Physicians at the USD within the university, teach students, conduct medical research, especially related to urologic diseases, and treat patients. Dr William Catalona was a highly regarded researcher employed by the university, and was the driving force in setting up and developing the university's...
1. The membership of the UN has seen a quantum increase from 60 to 192 countries since its existence. Barring three countries, all other countries of the world are the members of UN Security Council. Keeping the present status and the distribution of the permanent seats in mind the expansion of the UN Security Council’s permanent membership to achieve equitable geographical distribution is now a primary concern and a top priority. It is also important to realise that the future challenges...
Chapter 3 Jurisdiction under the UN Security Council Resolutions Introduction The main task justifying intervention by naval forces off the coast of Somalia was to ensure the delivery of food aid and other humanitarian assistance to people of Somalia.[1] As discussed in chapter 2 paragraph 1 the traditional definition of piracy under international law restricts action to the high seas. These UN Security Council resolutions authorize foreign naval force to enter within sovereign...
The Western Australian Supreme Court of Appeal was called upon to decide on a provision of NIL DOLLARS liquidated damage in a contract between Mr. Mladenis, the principal, and J-Corp Pty Ltd, the contractor. The proprietor claimed damages from the builder for delay in completion of his project. This paper will deal with the review of J-Corp v Mladenis case that is related to the legal clause, 11.9, of Australian Construction Law (2010) where J-Corp disclaimed paying damages to Mladenis due to...
Too Big To Fail - Too Small To Compete: Systemic Risk Should Be Addressed Through Antitrust Law But Such A Solution Will Only Work If It Is Applied On An International Basis Introduction In March 2009 global stock markets, declining for five months, hit new lows. In the United States the Dow Jones Industrial average, S & P 500 and NASDAQ had fallen 54%, 56% and 55%, respectively. In the United Kingdom the FTSE was down 47%. Markets in developing countries seemed to weather...
The Face Of Organized Crime Abstract Organized crime made an enormous impact on how the mafia is viewed. Movies portray a typical Sicilian- American corrupting the streets of local communities with murder, gambling, prostitution, and even loan sharking. What people fail to recognize are the theories surrounding organized crime and why immigrants were more likely to become involved in this type of business in the first place. In addition, immigrants weren't the only types of people involved in...
Corporate Governance is a set of processes, customs, policies and laws by which a company is directed, administered and controlled. It is often referred to as the relationship between the company and all of its stakeholders. It includes further responsibilities of the board such as setting company's strategic goals; bring them into effect under good supervision. The board is only allowed to act under the laws and regulations while keeping in notice, the wishes of the stockholders in the Annual...
An agreement between two or more parties which creates legally binding and duties between the parties.There must be agreement on the terms of the contract. A valid contract has the following constituent elements: A valid offer and acceptanceConsiderationCapacity of parties to contractWriting and Registration if so required by lawLegal relationshipAll of are required for a valid contract. Rules on Offer: A proposal by the offer from a person to another person for wishes to conclude with a...
According to Dr. Al-Assar's presentation on the dangers of Canadian water export, “The only mechanism by which the bulk-export of water could be prevented is to establish non-discriminatory conservation programs” This is important because the trade laws supersede national policy and the policy of NGOs, meaning that Canada may lose public control over its water resources. Therefore, even if Canada wanted to strengthen its national policies on bulk water exports, companies can still...