During the 17th century in France and England, some cases of wives, who battered and dominated their men were revealed. Battered men had to face not only the violence of their partners but also the humiliation of the society (Steinmetz, 1977-78). Although the domination of men by their wives persisted into the 20th century (Pleck, 1987), in the late 1970s, researchers exposed the phenomenon of domestic violence on the female victims and finally, society seemed to be taking the issue of...
Every individual wants a secure life and safe nation. When it comes to border security, we are not only taking out the armies, there are so many other types of border securities such as marine time security , airport security, school security, supermarket security, bank security road security that is mainly known as road policing and etc. When considering security, it is natural to think to the national relations which take security as its central problematic realism. Issues on security border...
Latin American countries have been riddled with drug trafficking and drug use for many years. Until recently, the only option available to those that used drugs were imposed sanctions from the government and those placed in positions to make sure those sanctions were enforced. Although countries like Brazil and Argentina have a long way to go when it comes to harm reduction strategies, there are non-governmental organizations like PREVER that helping to change the way those in government and...
In Britain young people who have committed crime are seen as a natural source of trouble and anxiety. The categorising and complementing of youth are established by society. If someone new appears first appearances anticipate their category and attribute their social identity. If and when a youth commits a crime, they can be seen as different from others, less desirable, as bad influences, dangerous or extreme. Such constitutes a special discrepancy between virtual and actual social...
Restorative Justice is an alternative way of solving criminal and social cases. As a relatively new emerging field of justice it has not developed a solid legitimacy basis in wide circles yet. In this paper I claim that Restorative Justice's effectiveness and potential of practical implementation in criminal offences is limited and expands only to the particular types of misconducts. Advantages and shortcomings of Restorative Justice in using it in different real-world scenarios are examined....
White & Hanes, (2008) the growth of ancient theory demonstrates that classical and positivist schools of criminology are a current approach to dealing with criminal acts. The main idea of the two key schools is to create sufficient approaches to stop deviant behaviour that are considered to be most dangerous to society. Although the purposes of both approaches added to the reasons of criminal activities, both the schools present opposite philosophies to explain deviant behaviour White et...
As of June 2008, more than 13.6 million people passed through jails and prisons across the United States. In other words, one in every 131 people was incarcerated at some point during that year (US Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2009). Inmates entering jail facilities report a myriad of acute and chronic health problems including hypertension, diabetes, asthma, epilepsy, acute and chronic pain and substance abuse disorders (Freudenberg, et al., 2007). With the rates of incarceration being so...
Police firm is a law enforcement force that concern to protect life and property, preserve law, as well as order, prevent and detect crime. A police firm can be understood as specialized firms equipped arm in protecting governed law, fighting resistance of crime, order and security of society, protect life and property of citizen. Almost police forces represent legal rights and benefits of people, moreover maintaining application law in practices. To these duties, police officers need essential...
Some countries have the death penalty built in their constitution. In their point of view, they prevent another murder. On the other hand, some do not recognize the death penalty as a part of their code. In fact, they believe that there are no rights for humans to take other human lives this should be regarded as legalized murder. The question one has to ask is: is capital punishment the best solution for murder? This research will discuss and examine the pros and cons of the death penalty from...
Suicide bombers blow themselves up in order to attack people or property. They may attach explosive to their bodies, which permits them to access crowded areas where placing explosive would otherwise be difficult. Other suicide tactics involve using vehicles to create dangerous accident or run into buildings. In Pakistan mostly the teen agers take participation in suicide attack in the recent past. As of July 2007, before the Lal Masjid assault, the volunteers for self-martyrdom tended to be...