Dorling and Simpson (1999) suggest that statistics are the 'arithmetic of politics.' Before Margaret Thatcher's political reign (1979-1990) crime was not considered a political issue. However, when Thatcher introduced crime (its trends and preventions) into her elective strategy, it became very much a political issue; political parties use 'crime' to gain votes; they present the problems and suggest solutions. In order to do this, data is needed to back up theories, which is why in recent...
Throughout society many citizens are faced with wrongful deaths of family members and friends. Lives are taken away from others because of peoples stupidity or even just tragic accidents. We as a nation face crimes like this too often and even though we hope for change it just may not happen. Back in 1975 my family experienced a tragedy in the death of my Great-uncle, who was murdered with a gun. This paper will explain the acts and events that led up to his death and the effect and impact it...
Vaccinations for travellers to Pakistan will depend on a number of factors, including but not limited to the amount of time spent in the country. Recommendations may differ for short-term and long-term visitors. It is advisable to consult with your travel health advisor to discuss your specific needs while in the country. Travellers with existing medical conditions should pack an ample supply of prescription and routine medications in their original packaging. It is recommended to have a...
In this essay I examined the ways in which the American penal system can be described as racist and the way it reflects the values of American society. In doing so, I first looked at racism within the context of American history and culture. During the 1900s, the new penal system introduced racial discrimination and segregation against the African Americans. Since the timeframe of my essay is the 21st century, the historic facts of the 20th century play an imperative role. I then moved on to...
Year after year thousands of people choose to come to the United States to start a new life. These people leave their home countries with the dream of freedom that they would never have where they come from. However, some chose to disregard our laws and come to this country illegally. It is estimated that there are over 10 million illegal immigrants living in the U.S. today. The effects of Illegal immigration are many, one being the cost and how it affects many aspects of our economy. One...
Crime scenes contain the forensic evidence required to apprehend criminals. The proper collection and processing of physical evidence is of primary importance to most police investigations. Evidence can not only establish the fact of the offense and identify the perpetrator, it may even lead to a conviction. In collecting this evidence we must be conscious of the public's Fourth Amendment rights and not violate them in this collection of evidence. Unfortunately, poorly conducted crime scene...
Mega-events, such as the Olympics, are highly prized by national and civic planners, and simultaneously hold political, economic and cultural happenings Boyle and Haggerty, 2009. They are global spectacles, used by nations to impact directly on urban generation and international standing (Alhert, 2006). Their nature is one that is non-routine, and of limited duration, requiring management of large movements of visitors, co-coordinators, and athletes. Characteristics of mega-events makes them...
In confronting the challenge of international terrorism, the first step is to call things by their proper names, to see clearly and say plainly who the terrorists are, what goals they seek, and which governments supports them. - William Joseph Casey, US Director of Central Intelligence. []  Terrorist and transnational criminal groups have long shared comparable characteristics and borrowed tactics and techniques usually attributed to the other. While efforts predate the terrorist...
Considering the intricacies of cross border trafficking and its multi-faceted dimensions it seems a daunting task to prevent it. There is no foolproof mechanism in place to deal with the challenge but Government agencies and NGOs, together with the international community, have adopted a variety of strategies to combat trafficking in women and children. These include: Prevention of trafficking through the legal and criminal system, including capacity building of law enforcement officers....
/Community based policing is an important police strategy imposed to create a better relationship between the police and the community. This paper describes the community based policing (CBP), gives the definition, explains how and why people need and use it. The work gives a detailed explanation of main CBP`s features. It also depicts its components and benefits which society obtains from this police-community cooperation. Fundamental principles the same as the importance and the role of...