The decision on what to do with juvenile offenders when they have committed a crime has become an increasingly controversial issue. With an increase in juvenile crime there has been a parallel increase in the number of children who have been tried and convicted in adult courts. In the year 1985, 3,400 minors were sentenced to state prisons and by 1997 this number more than doubled to 7,400 youths. (McCormick) On average there are over 200,000 juvenile cases heard each year in adult courts and...
The first Juvenile Court Statistic report was published in the year 1929 (1927 data was used). Since that time probation became an overwhelming choice of family and juvenile court judges. During the past years, the National Center for Juvenile Justice (NCJJ) published reports which parts contain the description of the profession of probation. The official obligations of the juvenile probation professionals are various. Duties in one state are different from the duties in another one and even...
The torture of suspected terrorists by the United States of America is an issue that puts into question the American values that call for democracy and freedom while not abiding by them when it comes to dealing with terrorists. Should we condone the use of torture under such conditions as war on terrorism and leave behind our democratic values, or should we stick to our values whatever happens and risk terrorist attacks? Are those the only two options that we have to fight terrorism? Torture is...
/Criminal law in Canada exists, in theory, to ensure social stability and protect people from harm. However, in reality it is used as an extremely effective approach to establish and reinforce existing power imbalances in society. As Clarke states, the "rules and regulations that govern a society will always ultimately reflect the interest of those who control it." Complex social issues are narrowed and reframed in a way that will serve the majority's interests and be the least...
The idea of the corrections system has been around for a while. Within this system there lies several different types of programs that do not require an offender to be placed in a prison or jail. These programs to allow the offender to remain out in the community, while being closely monitored. The earliest and most common programs are probation and parole. These two programs allow most offenders to be in their normal everyday setting, unless otherwise stated by the judge or probation or parole...
Public Corruption PolicePublic Corruption for ProfitPolice In America In Chapter 6, “Public Corruption for Profit”, Delattre (2006) addresses some very important aspects of law enforcement and the policing environment that not only make police more vulnerable to corruption but also to public scrutiny. The author begins the chapter with a description of incorruptibility, suggesting that it is an inherent attribute of the individual with good character who would never think of...
But in todays age where borders are less important, crime is also becoming borderless. Today, many countries are interconnected and many countries are involved in crimes such as drugs and human trafficking or illegal wildlife trade. Firstly, it will be argued that criminology must move beyond the nation state Reference to different forms of transnational crime will be made throughout the essay as examples and illustration of an argument. Also, the nature of transnational crime will be...
Employment and reintegration into the community for registered sex offenders is a daunting challenge due to victim access concerns, employment restrictions, reluctance from potential employers because of the stigma, housing and transportation problems. These are critical barriers that exacerbate finding employment. Instability in the above areas has also been correlated with recidivism. In order to secure safety and successful reintegration of sex offenders into the community, collaboration...
Criminology is a study that is constantly changing based on political, economic and spiritual concerns of the society. In an ever-changing society, theories that assist in explaining criminal behaviour often come to light and subsequently fade away. Theories are essential in a sense that they help us in understanding the manner in which the justice system functions. It highlights how things are and what they should not be. [] It can also assist in explaining crime that occurs on a...
whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have course, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law. This message is clear as it was in 1948, without the preservation of the rule of law, violations of rights occurs and where violations occur, rebellion is encouraged. The conclusion is evident: violating human rights cannot contribute to the maintenance of public order and security, but can only intensify...