The last fifty years have evidenced a fast moving technological curve which has resulted in the intensive integration of computer technologies with all aspects of daily life. This integration has however been accompanied by a rapid escalation of various types of computer crimes. The national law enforcement and legal departments, who were unprepared for this challenge, have so far been unable to eliminate it. This has mainly resulted from the fact that; there still lacks a relevant, uniform...
The following essay investigates how and why prostitution is systematically disadvantaged by criminal law and criminal justice through its attempts to control deviance. Several areas shall be examined in the formulation of this essay, with the areas being covered including how criminal law and justice disadvantage some groups or members of society, how prostitution is defined including how and why individuals become involved, what the current laws and policies are pertaining to prostitution...
Policing in England and Wales over the years has been increasingly challenging as it has been subjected to unprecedented levels of public scrutiny. Britain consists of many different areas and these areas are all homes too many different communities. Therefore, this essay shall explain how Community policing is a better style of policing for the community.   Before the Scarman report in 1981 there was a need to improve public confidence in policing as well as policing with community...
The term genocide was first coined in 1944 when Lemkin an advisor to the United States War Department perceived the terms of 'mass murder' and 'war crimes' to be not relevant enough to illustrate and explain what had taken place in Nazi Germany (McLaughlin, 2006 Cited in McLaughlin & Muncie, 2006:183). The term itself is used to describe and refer to behaviour which has the intention of eradicating a national, ethnic, racial or religious group (Gooch & Williams, 2007). The United...
Al Qaeda is one of the most well-known and dangerous Islamic insurgent organization in the world. It was established by a Saudi millionaire, Osama bin Laden, to bring together Arabs who fought in Afghanistan against the Soviet invasion. Now, the principal stated goal of al Qaeda is to reestablish the Muslim state by driving Americans and Western influence out of all Muslim nations, especially Saudi Arabia, destroy Israel, and collapse pro-Western countries in the Middle East. Osama bin Laden,...
History France has had a long and varied history of dealing with terrorism since the end of the Second World War; this was mainly marked by the traumatic period of the 1960's. Following the French government's decision to abandon Algeria, it was faced with a coup mounted by elements from the French Army Parachute units and the Foreign Legion, who took control of infrastructure in Algeria but were unable to jump on Paris to see the coup through in 1961. France faced further unrest with the...
Fear of crime, based on the weak social bonds and loose cohesion within societies create distrust between people. New policies are used and crime control shows a more punitive and harsh character to those who break a law. This in turn, causes other problems as prison establishments face stifling conditions such as overcrowding and all of these because prevention mechanisms did not operate when everything were in their beginning (Grivas, 1997). In this unfavourable and inhospitable social...
The experience of being a crime victim can be highly intense, touching all areas of life. (Zehr, 1995:23) It is important the victims needs are met throughout the process of the criminal justice system. Justice can be delivered for victims using restorative justice, indigenous practices reintergrative shaming and retribution. A change away from punitive justice towards restorative justice, will involve a change in the structural position of victims who become more like plaintiffs in a civil law...
Inside of each cells in the human body, there are components of genetic material called chromosomes. Along these chromosomes, there are millions of genes, which are the fundamental unit of heredity and are composed of DNA. DNA is the substance by which genetic instructions are passed from one generation to the next.The development of DNA a in criminalIn 1869 Friedrick Miescher discovered a section of DNA and noted that is was linked to our genetic make-up, but unfortunately, its significance...
Juvenile (or youth) offenders and juvenile justice system has been a subject matter of varied experiments in the hands of incoherent legal principles and governmental policies. It may be one reason for Juvenile justice systems for not proceeding in realistic, coherent and practical ways. The early juvenile or youth justice movement was based on the idea of rehabilitation, rather than deterrence and retribution. It was characterised by individualized treatment of offenders, indeterminacy of...