Did you know .....  It could affect your education In 1990 Paul Haugh submitted a plagiarized paper to his High School. Haugh was suspended for 3 days and the high school sent letters to all the colleges that had already accepted Haugh. Haugh v. Bullis School Incorporated. (US Court of Appeals, 1990)  It could affect your job Elias Alsabti graduated from Medical School in 1980 and became a well respected Physician in Massachusetts. In 1989 the Board of Medicine revoked Alsabti's License to...
'The application by criminologists of the ideas summarised in this chapter tends to manifest in the form of multifactorial explanations for youth crime. However, in doing this, criminologists generally refrain from presenting a hierarchy of causes. The result is that immediate causes are cited (such as unemployment, racism, labelling, poor schooling), and reformist measures are advocated (such as training schemes, alternative school), but rarely are substantial changes to the social structure...
Four Ethical Theories and How They Relate to Criminology This paper will cover four ethical theories and how they relate or don't relate to the field of criminology today. The four theories deal with ethically making the right decisions and what influences the actions. Every action has a reaction and the reaction is the consequences of every action. The outcome of the consequences can dictate whether or not a theory can be justified as moral or immoral. The four theories are Utilitarianism,...
"Arguing that social deviance is a more common phenomenon than perceived and that conventional wisdom that social deviants are pathological is incorrect" Howard S. Becker, born April 18th 1928, is a well known renowned American Sociologist. Of all his many writings, 'Outsiders', which was written in 1963, is one of his most imperative and prominent works, regarded as critical classical study within the discipline of sociology and deviance. It can be said that it is one of Becker's...
When the prison population doubles, then doubles again, and then doubles again as it has done in E&W from 15,900 in 1901 to nearly 90,000 in 2010, it follows that there will be substantial increase in the number of supervised by National Probation Service (NPS). The probation service is responsible for the "commissioning and delivery" of offenders who are subject to a court order or those released on licence from prison. The probation service focuses on the following aims and...
The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) (1952) is the United States' core legislation for immigration law. The Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRAIRA) (1996) added language to the INA designed to be a force multiplier for the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service, the predecessor of the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency (ICE). The section, Performance of Immigration Officer Functions by State Officers and Employees, has become more commonly...
The formal criminal justice system plays only a minor role in achieving social control and regulation'. Examine this statement in relation to the methods and stratagies employed to control and regulate both those who may be considered a threat of offending and ordinary members of the public. The formal criminal justice system is a collection of organisations and processes including the police, courts, both magistrate and crown, the crown prosecution, probation and prison services that have...
As of June 2008, more than 13.6 million people passed through jails and prisons across the United States. In other words, one in every 131 people was incarcerated at some point during that year (US Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2009). Inmates entering jail facilities report a myriad of acute and chronic health problems including hypertension, diabetes, asthma, epilepsy, acute and chronic pain and substance abuse disorders (Freudenberg, et al., 2007). With the rates of incarceration being so...
In the society we live in today it would be hard to imagine the world without police. The police give our societies the structure they need to function properly and continue to grow. There have been many forms of police throughout time dating back to the ancient world in China. The first known or documented style of governments using police took place in China thousands of years ago. Before police existed it was impossible for societies to grow and function properly. Ancient world...
"There is no doubt but that there were fundamental errors. The investigation was marred by a combination of professional incompetence, institutional racism and a failure of leadership by senior officers". (Macpherson, 1999: 317, para. 46:1) Critically assess this extract from the Macpherson report.IntroductionRacist discrimination throughout the Criminal Justice System (CJS) in the United Kingdom (UK) is a controversial but pervasive issue. There is an undeniable over-representation...