A juvenile gang is an anti-social or any criminal act that is evident among children or adolescents. Juvenile delinquency is a legal term referring to how the children and adolescents behave and is viewed by the adults as a crime that needs to be judged under law (Columbia Encyclopedia, 2010). It's meaning and age limit differs in different countries, with some setting the juvenile's maximum age limit to be fourteen years while others may be as high as twenty one years. In many countries,...
The purpose of administering laws in any given society is to implement the states values upon their citizens. Although each individual state has its own views and opinions, it is in its best interest to enforce what is morally just to ensure the care and protection of its people. In regards to the regulation of recreational drugs, it is essential to understand that the following proposals are preferably for developed, industrialized, and westernized states, since they have similar existing...
There is no objective definition of terrorism but all the existing definitions have some common characteristics that occur in them. All definitions recognize that it's a systematic use of terror or unpredictable violence committed against governments, individuals or publics to attain political, religious or ideological motives by spreading fear with mostly a civilian target. According to the US' Code of Federal Regulation, it is the unlawful apply of force and violence against people or...
Gang related crimes and activities are being exported to rural communities and gangs are migrating to more rural areas. Social reasons and drug trafficking are the primary reasons for the spread of drug use and why gangs are developing in rural areas. When concerning the exporting or spreading of urban crimes to rural areas, the migration of gangs and their criminal activities plays a large role. Police strategies make it hard for gangs to stay inside of the metropolitan areas, so gangs are...
There are several difficulties in determining the best possible criminal justice system, both those related to the individual's concept of what works and what does not, as well as those that deal primarily with society's demands and expectations from the justice system. The criminal justice system must be concerned with making reparations to the victim, but it must also be concerned with satisfying the demands of society as a whole, often, society's demands for reparations and 'fairness' can...
Violence in any society is indicative of resurgence of animal instincts and a collective failure to accept the citizens' code of peaceful coexistence. The economic and existential frustrations of various groups get manifested in mass violence when aired by irresponsible and motivated elements either with political vested interests or religious bigotry. The democratic values of Indian society are repeatedly put to test when simmering biases erupt as incidents of uncontrolled hostilities. The...
Mega-events, such as the Olympics, are highly prized by national planners, and simultaneously hold political, economic and cultural happenings. They are global spectacles, used by nations to impact directly on urban generation and international standing (Alhert, 2006). Their nature is one that is non-routine, and of limited duration, requiring management of large movements of visitors, co-coordinators, and athletes. Characteristics of mega-events makes them exceptional (Fussey and Coaffee,...
The RAT also known as the routine activities theory was founded in 1979 by two theorists name Marcus Felson and Lawrence Cohen (Miller, Mitchell, & Richard, 2006). It was a reaction to crime rate in the US during the years of 1947-1974 states (Cohen & Marcus, 1979). This was a time where both crime rate and economic conditions were increasing which made this a very popular theory reason for this was this theory was the only one to address crime at this point in time. Felson and Cohen...
In a qualitative study by Arnold et al. (2009), the majority of the participants mentioned the importance of their friends in their involvement in pro-environmental behaviour. Friends were involved in introducing them to environmental clubs and projects and acting as role models and supporters. Despite the apparently strong influence of peers, there also seems to be a role for parents to play. In the same study by Arnold et al. (2009), all of the participants considered their parents as being...
It is obvious that crime and alcohol appear together in many different situations'. Discuss. It is often stated by the home office and government that there is direct cause and effect between alcohol and the following crimes being, anti-social behaviour, assault and robbery. This is due to the fact that in many cases both the criminal and the victim had been drinking before the crime took place. The fact both or either the parties had been drinking before an incident leads to the common belief...