California was terrorized in the mid-1980s by a serial killer proclaimed the "Night Stalker" by the media. The over a dozen victims of this killer didn't understand nor question the underlying criminological underpinnings of these acts and his bizarre courtroom outbursts were fodder for a sensationalizing media that is attracted to gruesome details. The prosecutor Deputy District Attorney Phillip Halpin provided a lay assessment of his mental state by commenting on his latest...
Juvenile drug courts provide (1) intensive and continuous judicial supervision over delinquency and status offense cases that involve substance-abusing juveniles and (2) coordinated and supervised delivery of an array of support services necessary to address the problems that contribute to juvenile involvement in the justice system. Service areas include substance abuse treatment, mental health, primary care, family, and education. Since 1995, more than 140 juvenile drug courts have been...
The United States has the highest rate of confinement of prisoners per 100,000 population than any other Western country. Analyze this phenomena and discuss actions that you feel are necessary to combat this problem. Reports show that in the United States prison confinement per 100,000 of the population is the highest than in any of the other Western country. Criminal offenders vastly out number correctional officers and as a result, it may be difficult for these officers to keep a hold of...
The role of a scene of crime officer has changed dramatically over the past century. This isn't only due to the developments in forensic science; but also has been greatly influenced by the demand in the change of ethics within the fields of forensic science. It's always easier to claim that you are impartial to actually being impartial; therefore the ethics of forensic scientists and scene of crime officers are very important in not only in the trial of defendants, but also in the outcome of...
In 2007, Lynn Moore broke into someones home looking for Osama Bin Laden. Moore is a paranoid schizophrenic with a long history of drug and alcohol abuse. It has been over twenty times that he has been arrested and put in jail four times. When he gets out of jail he goes into a homeless shelter but a month into his good behavior he fails a breathalyzer and has to leave. As a result, being homeless and having no supervision, he stops taking his medication. He then begins to search for Bin Laden...
Access the significance of developments in policing in influencing the effectiveness of law enforcement in the period 1830-1965. Until 1830, law enforcement had been lacking in organisation. As London expanded during the 18th and 19th centuries the whole question of maintaining law and order had become a matter of public concern. However it was not until 1828 when Sir Robert Peel created a committee that a police Bill was produced, which led to the setting up of an organised police service in...
The field of organizational decoupling is a field that has not been researched very much. Meyer and Rowan (1977) were some of the first authors who wrote about this subject and define organizational decoupling as separating formal structure from actual organizational practice. In short, this means that organizations say that they do one thing, but actually do something else. For instance, an organization can announce that it will start a stock repurchase program. The organization can announce...
Crime is both a social and economic phenomenon. It is as old as human society. Many ancient books right from pre-historic days, and mythological stories have spoken about crimes committed by individuals be it against another individual like ordinary theft and burglary or against the nation like spying, treason etc. Kautilya's Arthashastra written around 350 BC, considered to be an authentic administrative treatise in India, discusses the various crimes, security initiatives to be taken by the...
A sentence is a formal judgment pronouncing a specific punishment to be imposed for the conviction of a crime. It may involve the payment of a fine, community service, incarceration, or in capital offenses, the death penalty (Barlow, 2000). It also may consist of a term of probation or parole (although parole has been abolished in many states). Sentences may be meted out directly following the entry of a verdict or at a sentencing hearing scheduled for a later date. In the interim, prosecutors...
Crime is any act that goes against or breaks the law while deviance is in line with the word to deviate which means going off track. Our concern in sociology is about what keeps people on track or what gets them to go off line. Deviation is therefore a violation of the norms of society. Both crime and deviance are violation of the norms of the society built the difference comes in because crime has some characteristic added on it in that a low has been passes against it. This makes a crime an...