A prison is a place for confinement of people who have been involved in serious crimes such as felonies. Unlike jails, prisons are administered by state, provincial, national governments and house inmates for a long period of time. In the 19th century, criminals were segregated by the type of crime, age. This separation was accompanied by incentive for good behavior, indeterminate sentencing, vocational training and parole. In the 20th century, the population in prison in many jurisdictions...
Gangs, Guns and the Community The families and communities are devastated by the massive involvement of guns and gangs that bring death to our communities. The damage that guns and gangs do to our community is very painful and devastating to our everyday life. Our families suffer a great deal everyday they lose a family member, whether it is their son, or daughter, niece, nephew, or grandchild. We have to figure out as a community what we need to do to help keep our children and family members...
Restorative justice can be found throughout the bible. Although, it has been previously said that biblical accounts support the existence of retributive justice, it is not true that restorative justice had no place in the early days. The principle of 'an eye for an eye" appears primarily in the first few books of the bible, collectively called the Torah. However, the emphasis of the sacred scripture is primarily forgiveness, restitution and restoration, which are primordial considerations...
What can correctional facilities offer to inmates to help those that are about to be released from prison keep from being rearrested. Most inmates who are released have no job, money, or a place to live. The same pressures and temptations that landed ex-offenders in prison are present in the environment that they often go back to. The key elements of successful re-entry into society after prison are finding and keeping a lucrative job, finding a descent place to live, and finding a mentor to...
The terms police and policing has been the topic of many academics research and a multitude of books and papers have been published in recent times. This essay will not attempt to elaborate on these terms but some classifications are of some significance to the essay question to determine the differences between the two terms. According to (Button 2002: 6) The police are the body of men and woman employed by the state who patrol the streets, [possess special powers], deal with crime, ensure...
The book The structure of scientific revolution is the historic analysis of the science presented by Kuhn. Basically Kuhn was historian of science and firmly believes that philosophers have much to learn from the study of the history of science. He claims that insufficient attention to the history of science has led the Positivist to form an inaccurate and naive picture of the scientific enterprise. As the title of his book indicates, Kuhn was especially interested in scientific revolution...
This paper is going to provide you (Avoid using 'you' in formal writing.) with an understanding about how and why African American males are incarcerated at higher rates than any other race and how it is growing. It will also show racial disparities on sentencing, crimes and overall treatment. You will have a better understanding of how the family structure has been destroyed as a result of incarceration creating segregation within the African American race. Drugs and homicide have...
The world is facing challenges like global warming, poverty and economic recession but none of the above cause a critical impact than terrorism (terror). There have been numerous accounts of terrorism in the past and may be still yet to come. These terrorism accounts have affected not only the country where it happened but also the world economy .This paper will focus on the war against terror, discussing methods being used in fighting terror and addressing issues caused by the war against...
The cognitive processes of memory can be divided into three phases the encoding, the storage, and the retrieval of memory. When an individual encounters an object, a person, or an event, s/he encodes the information received from these into the cognitive system. The encoding process is influenced by a variety of factors (such as age, race, time ect) that in turn determine the accuracy of the person's memory. After encoding the information, the person stores it in one's memory until needed...
The entry of Asians into the US is dated back to 1948, when a substantial number of Asians, particularly Chinese, landed on the American continent shortly after the discovery of gold mines in California (Lin, 1998). After the gold rush, these early Chinese Americans chose to settle for economic opportunities, and became a significant source of labor for building the trans-continental railways (Mei, 1979). Other important sources of early Asian Americans include Japanese, Koreans and Filipinos...