This article provides an overview of current framing research in mass communication by focusing on the questions what constitutes a news frame, how variation in the use of frames can be explained and what consequences news framing has. It identifies several shortcomings in the literature. The first one is the often-encountered poorly grounded conceptualization and operationalization of framing. The second one relates to a whole range of questions that are not addressed in current framing...
In the 21st century, media industries is changing at a very fast pace, and the changing is mainly due to the burgeoning of new technologies. Similarly, government policy shifts towards to the direction of marketisation around the world. As Globalisation made significant policy making have been rose to an international level. At the beginning of my essay, I would introduce the definition of media policy, and examine what are the changes in media industries in the global perspective. Then I would...
With the rising of electronic media, in the 1960s scholar Marshall Mcluhan raised the notion of 'global village', which provides a common platform of random communication without physical and geography distance for worldwide people. In this perspective, this kind of information circumstance will enforce everyone globally to be the participant of, and struggle for a same strategy, because we are inevitably connected with each other (Mcluhan and Quentin, 1967). In the rest years of twentieth...
Music and Lyrics. Music is an expression of culture, society and our day to day lives. Music can mean a lot of things. Write little more . This thesis will see how music and lyrics could depict the political state and the social condition of an era.Changes seen after warThe west was going through a lot of ups and downs during the 1960's. This was the post world war 2 eras. The society in Britain was going through a massive change and so was the society in America. The entire foundation of the...
These questions take us back in time, to a period shortly after the turn of the twentieth century and before the World War I. This is not a dead and long-past period, as we might think from our position in a new century, but a vital time whose concerns and interests touch us even today. We Westerners are not so very different from 'our' great-great-grandparents. We worry about the same things, such as new technology's threat to children, we share the same interests (the lives of celebrities,...
A social network service focuses on building and reflecting of social networks or social relations among people, e.g., who share interests and/or activities. A social network service essentially consists of a representation of each user (often a profile), his/her social links, and a variety of additional services. Most social network services are web based and provide means for users to interact over the internet, such as e-mail and instant messaging. Although online community services are...
How contemporary bollywood constructed into narration of social and political conflicts in a film? Structured in RDB? The bollywood from present is targeting international markets and for global audiences. So majorly the movies in bollywood exposing of present on the social and cultural implementation India with nationalistic and commercial values constructs the audiences into a patriotic and race, and gender spectatorships which brings the post modernistic view among global audiences through...
The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) emerged from the Radio Corporation of America (RCA) in 1926. Unlike other independent programming enterprises, such as CBS, NBC was the idea of RCA's marketing branch that saw the opportunity in programming as a form of marketing. They broadcasted advertisements for in home radio and television receivers. The broadcasting worked so well that the RCA technology became the industry standard, which continued through the surfacing of colored televisions. By...
Media is considered to be the 4th pillar of the society while the other three being legislative, executive and judiciary. It plays an important role in the welfare of the society, working as an informer, an educator, a form of entertainment and an opinion influencer. In Malaysia, media and politics are co-dependent because through this, democracy is formed. Mustafa (1999) stated that in this broad context of democracy, the mass media plays an important role by supplying media users with a...
To define a citizen journalist, you just have to look around. Everyone around you could be a citizen journalist at any point in time. All it takes is a newsworthy event that the average citizen has wrote and published outside of the mainstream media. Citizen journalism was founded in the United States in the 18th century by pamphleteers and anonymous authors of the Federalist Papers, who gained important by printing their own publications according to the PBS MediaShift website [] ....