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Malay peninsula in southern asia.

Essay add: 15-11-2017, 14:26   /   Views: 11

Malaysia is established on the Malay peninsula in southern Asia. This nation includes Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo to the east.

The independent states of Malaysia was formed on 16 sep. 1963 as a federation of Malaysia, Singapore, Sabah and Sarawak and in 1965 Singapore withdraw from the federation to become a separate nation. Before this the British ruled the territories on the Malay peninsula formed the federation of Malay.

The total population of the Malaysia as of 2009 is 25,715,819 est.

Ø the densely populated area of Malaysia is the west Malaysia where more than 80% of the total population lives. This 80% includes 60% of Malay or indigenous descent, over 25% are Chinese and some 10% are Indians.

Ø All Malays are Muslims and Islam is the national religion. The majority of Chinese are Buddhists, and the majority of the Indians are Hindu. The official language is Bahasa Malaysia(Malay), although English is used in the legal system and both Chinese and the Indians speak his home language and the Malay too.( Michigan State University, CIA, 2010) Culture

Malaysia is country whose culture is a mix of Malay, Chinese, Indian and various other indigenous tribes. From the total population of Malaysia near about 62% are Bumiputra, 24% are Chinese and 8% are Indians with other minorities along with foreigners.

As I said earlier 60% are the Malays and they formed the largest community and they are defined as Muslims in the constitution of Malaysia.

Religion

Malaysia is multi-religious society where many different religions exist. Islam is one of the largest religion of Malaysia. As 60% of the population is Malays and they practiced Islam, 20% are Chinese and they practiced the Buddhism, some 10% are Indians and they practiced Hinduism and some other practiced Confucianism, Taoism. Some people are kind of who don't open his religious information publically or you can say they don't have any religion.

There are some statistics about the religion of Malaysia that I found in here “from the 2000 census indicate that ethnic Chinese are predominantly Buddhist (75.9%), with significant numbers of adherents followingTaoism(10.6%) and Christianity (9.6%). The majority of ethnicIndiansfollow Hinduism (84.5%), with a significant minority identifying as Christians (7.7%) and Muslims (3.8%). Christianity is the predominant religion of the non-MalayBumiputracommunity (50.1%) with an additional 36.3% identifying as Muslims and 7.3% followfolk religion”.(en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaysia).

Language

Bahasa or Malay is the native language of Malaysia which is used by most of the population and English is the second common language of Malaysia. Chinese and Indians speak his home language. So, a small part is tri lingual and a big part is bi-lingual.

Back in 14th century the Malay wrote in Sanskrit and in 15th century Jawi became popular and afterward romanised script overtook Sanskrit and Jawi as the dominant script and it happens because there was a large influence of the colonial education system.

Holiday

“Hari Kebangsaan” is the most popular holiday in Malaysia celebrated in the form of Independence Day on 13th August this festival also called as “Merdeka”. The people of Malaysia also celebrate the 16th September as Malaysia day as the formation of Malaysia in 1963.

Some other holidays like Labor Day on 1st may, kings day on first Saturday of every June. Some Muslims, Chinese and Indian holidays also celebrated in Malaysia as national holidays.

Aesthetics

“Muddy Junction” the translated name of “Kuala Lumpur” the world famous city and the capital of Malaysia which is famous for his beeches. However, this is a gleaming city with little that feels slum-like or Third World.

The twin Petronas tower the main eye centric point of Kuala Lumpur along with some mosques and Buddhist and Hindus temple, the mock Tudor buildings from the British colonial era haven't obliterated.

Family and social class

The Malay people are been more inclined to marry at early age that reflects his strong beliefs in his religion and culture but the increased educational and economic opportunities in there helped the Malaysians to shift from rural to urban environment. The average age for male and female in Malaysia is 28.6 and 25.1 years respectively. Mostly the Malays believes in nuclear families consisting of two parents and one child. As they believe that extended family requires both emotional and financial support.

POLITICAL SITUATION

Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy. Yang di-Pertuan Agong is the federal head or king of the Malaysia. He is elected for a five year term for the nine states of Malaysia and other four states have titular governors.

Political leaders

Dato' Seri Mohd. Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak is the current prime minister of Malaysia. He was elected as prime minister in April 2009, before him Dato' Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi was the prime minister of Malaysia. The prime minister has been elected on five year term basis. In 2005, Mahathir stated that "I believe that the country should have a strong government but not too strong. A two-thirds majority like I enjoyed when I was prime minister is sufficient but a 90% majority is too strong. ... We need an opposition to remind us if we are making mistakes. When you are not opposed you think everything you do is right." The fourth Prime Minister Mohammad has made many constitutional amendments and in 1998 he dismissed Deputy Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim and accused Anwar of immoral and corrupt conduct.(Michigan State University, CIA, 2010)

Government structure

British ruled in Malaysia for several years so the system of Malaysian government looks like the west minister parliamentary system. After the independence in 1957, the multi party coalition governed he Malaysia which is known as Barisan Nasional. Malaysia is having a three tier government structure i.e., federal, state and local. The parliament consists of the upper house, the senate of Dewan Negara and the lower house, the home of representatives or Dewan Rakyat. The House of Representatives are elected for a maximum term of 5 years. Besides the federal level every state has a unicameral state legislative chamber and the parliament of Malaysia are held once every five year and the last parliament was held in march 2008.

Political history

After the independence in 1957, the united Malays national organization (UMNO) the political party of Malaysia has held power in coalition with other parties. The Barisan Nasional consists of 14 parties came up in place of the alliance of communally based parties in 1973. UMNO, MCA (Malaysian Chinese association) and MIC (Malaysian Indian congress) are the three prominent members of the Barisan Nasional coalition. The prime minister has always been elected from the UMNO only.

ECONOMIC SITUATION

After the independence in 1975, Malaysia's economic growth reach at his peak and in year 2007 his economy ranked as the 29th largest economy in the world. As we know Southeast Asia has been center of trade for centuries and the Malaysia is one among southeastern countries. The real gross domestic product (GDP) grew by an average of 6.5% per year from 1957-2005. The foreign and domestic investment played a significant role in the economy of Malaysia to reach that level. Malaysia is the largest producer of rubber in the world. Today, Malaysia is a middle income country with a multi sector economy based on services and manufacturing. It is also the world's largest exporters of electrical goods, semi conductor devices and information and communication products.

4 Economic measures
GDP - real growth rate Rank Percent Change Date of Information

2003

4.20 %

59

2002 est.

2004

5.20 %

53

23.81 %

2003 est.

2005

7.10 %

34

36.54 %

2004 est.

2006

5.20 %

90

-26.76 %

2005 est.

2007

5.90 %

74

13.46 %

2006 est.

2008

6.30 %

72

6.78 %

2007 est.

2009

4.60 %

94

-26.98 %

2008 est.

(index mundi 2009)

Trade Gap
Exports

$156.4 billion (2009 est.)

Export goods

electronic equipment, petroleum and liquefied natural gas, wood and wood products, palm oil, rubber, textiles, chemicals

Main partners

Singapore14.7%,United States12.5%,Japan10.8%,China9.5%,Thailand4.8%,Hong Kong4.3% (2008)

Imports

$119.5 billion (2009 est.)

Import goods

electronics, machinery, petroleum products, plastics, vehicles, iron and steel products, chemicals

Main Partners

China12.8%,Japan12.5%,Singapore11%,United States10.8%,Thailand5.6%,Tawian4.8%,South Korea4.6%,Indonesia4.6%,Germany4.3%

(malaysia/Wikipedia, 2010)

Rate of inflation
Year Inflation rate (consumer prices) Rank Percent Change Date of Information

2003

1.90 %

168

2002 est.

2004

1.10 %

189

-42.11 %

2003 est.

2005

1.30 %

31

18.18 %

2004 est.

2006

3.00 %

90

130.77 %

2005 est.

2007

3.80 %

111

26.67 %

2006 est.

2008

2.00 %

40

-47.37 %

2007 est.

2009

5.40 %

89

170.00 %

2008 est.

(index mundi, 2009)

Productivity of Labor

The labour force which has been expanding at slightly above 3% since 2001, continued the trend and is envisaged to grow at 3.1% in 2003(2002:3.1%), 11.29 million (2009 est.)

Country comparison to the world:45

Agriculture:13%

industry:36%

services:51% (2005 est.) (CIA, Library resources, 2010)

Trend

The GDP of malaysia at market prices shows an upward trend from the year 1980 -2005 as the total GDP was $54,285 million in 1980 that increases upto $494,544 million in 2005. For purchashing power parity comparisons, the US Dollar is exchanged at 1.70 Ringgit only. Average wages in 2007 hover around $30-37 per day.

From 1988 to 1997, the economy experienced a period of broad diversification and sustained rapid growth averaging 9% annully.

Relations to US

Malaysia is having good trade relations to USA as it was the USAs 10th largest trading partner. In 1999, the total trade between both of them was US $30.5 billion. The manufacturing sector of malaysia has increased as the government of malaysia has encouraged the foreign direct investment. The cumulative value of the Us private investment in malaysia exceeded $10 billion, 60% in oil and natural gas and rest in manufacturing sector. In the early 2007, malaysia's trade increases by 2.2% to RM522.38 billion.

ETHICS

Article name: Malay peninsula in southern asia. essay, research paper, dissertation