FN SCAR rifle
This is a summary and description of the new assault and battle rifle variants of the FN SCAR rifle. These variants are the SCAR-L and the SCAR-H rifles.
The abbreviation FN SCAR stands for Fabrique Nationale de Herstal SOF Combat Assault Rifle and is a modular rifle. A modular rifle is a rifle with the ability to add several attachments onto the rifle, usually on Picatinny rails which is the standard attachment rail for most firearms. This rifle comes in two common variants as of now, the SCAR-L Mk 16 and the SCAR-H Mk 17 (Mk stands for the version of a product, in this case a rifle). These rifles come in both long barrel and shot barrel lengths for close quarters fighting or for firing over great distances. The rifle was in testing as early as June 2007 though was just issued in April of 2009 for the first time to operational units and 600 rifles the battalion of the US 75th Rangers who were the recipients of the most rifles (a battalion consists of 1000- 1500 men).
The SCAR-L is classified by the military as an Assault rifle, assault rifle is defined by the military as a rifle designed for combat with selective fire (between fully automatic and semi automatic firing modes) and the first true assault rifle was the Mp44 designed by Germany during the second world war. The SCAR-L fires the 5.56 x 45mm NATO round meant for close to medium ranges, this round is almost identical to the .223 Remington but have slight dimensional differences. The .223 and the 5.56 x 45mm NATO rounds are designed to enter the human body and tumble and rip apart, causing a great deal of wounding damaged though not necessarily an instant kill. The internal design is based on several previous rifles such as the M16 and M4, but is a more refined version for better reliance of cambering and firing rounds.
The SCAR-H is classified by the military as a Battle rifle, battle rifle is defined by the military as a rifle that fires a high-powered rifle cartridge, (some examples would be the 30.06 Springfield, 7.92 x 57mm IS, 7.62 x 54mmR and the 7.62 x 51mm NATO cartridges). Several examples of Battle rifles would be the bolt actions and the M1 Garand rifles from world war two and the H&K G3, FN FAL, AR-10 and M14 from modern times. The SCAR-H fires the 7.62 x 51 NATO round that is similar in properties to the 30.06 but is shorter and has little room for power variances such as the 30.06 does. The 30.06 is favored by hunters for its extra space allowing different types of power reloading, though military rifles have fixed powder loads, thus the 7.62 x 51 NATO is filled to the brim with powder in a short brass case. The 7.62 x 51 NATO round in the SCAR-H weighs more than the 5.56 x 45mm NATO round in the SCAR-L and has more power causing 7.62 x 51 NATO to have more impact damage and force to the point f it going entirely thru the target, bone and all. The design of the SCAR-H is similar to the SCAR-L except for the dimensions of the barrel and the bolt (The piece of metal that extracts/ inserts new rounds into the breach of the barrel and has the firing pin) as well as their tolerances.
My view on this design is that it should be superior to the M16 design if not more reliable. The SCAR-H version with a long barrel is what I would choose of the two.Works Cited
- unknown. (2009, October 7). FN SCAR. Retrieved October 6 - 8, 2009, from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FN_SCAR
Article name: FN SCAR rifle essay, research paper, dissertation