Introduction 1. The Durand Line is a 2,450 km (1,519 mile) border between Afghanistan and Pakistan ranging from the spur of the Sarikol range in the north, to the Iranian border to the south-west . It is named after Sir Mortimer Durand, who in 1893, as a representative of the British-Indian government, had negotiated and concluded an agreement in Kabul with the ruler of Afghanistan .When Pakistan came into being in 1947, the Afghan government was quick to reject the Durand Line as the...
From 1920s until 1930s, the international style has gained its popularity globally, and it is expressed in all kinds of expressions, including the expression of volume rather than mass, where the spaces have more priority than the solidity of the building. There is also a stress on balance rather than symmetry, where the function of different parts of the building is arranged in balance, and the shape and form of the building is unlikely to be in symmetry. The international style also presents...
Why Noise Mapping? Mapping to Inform Noise Management Under the terms of the Environmental Noise Directive (END) a programme of actions on noise is set out for member states. These actions include the determination of noise exposure from the results of strategic noise mapping, actively informing the public about the noise maps, environmental noise and its effects and the adoption of noise action plans. The overall aim of Environmental Noise Directive is to prevent and reduce noise where...
BOOK REVIEWCAVALRY OF THE SKY, THE STORY OF US MARINE COMBAT HELICOPTERS, LYNN MONTROSS, HARPER & BROTHERS, NEW YORK, 1954, 270 PP 1. In order to gain victory in the pacific, United States had displayed one of the most dangerous weapons ever made, atomic bomb. The US Marine Corps realised that the devastating effects of atomic weapons called for new landing force procedures and equipment to replace those which had won so many decisive victories in WW II. They went ahead to utilise the third...
The purpose of this dissertation is to discuss and evaluate the pressure on development land in the South- East of England, and how that pressure relates to the need for sustainable architecture. The reasons for there being pressure on development land in the South-East of England will be described and analysed, as will any differences with the other regions of Britain. The reasons for setting aside or using the available development land and why sustainable architecture should be adopted in...
Explore the relationships between housingand health Introduction Historically, there has been recognised a directrelationship between substandard accommodation and poor health. The IndustrialRevolution in Britain resulted in low standard working-class housing beingbuilt quickly to meet this increase in demand for workers. Over-crowdeddwellings, inadequate sanitation and a proclivity to dispose of all forms ofwaste in cesspools, rivers and the street resulted in severe epidemics of...
Throughout the history of war some leaders have had the foresight to see beyond the conventional wisdom of their era & employ their forces in an unexpected manner, often with resounding success. King Henry V of England destroyed the army of King Charles VI of France at Agincourt with his innovative use of the long bow, which marked the demise of the mounted warrior in the West for over 500 years. Heinz Guderian's acceptance & refinement of the then-radical concepts of JFC Fuller &...
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a heterogenous syndrome with polygenic origin. Type 2 diabetes mellitus involves both defective insulin secretion and peripheral insulin resistance (1). There is a progressive deterioration in β-cell function over time regardless of the type of therapy. Pancreatic islets are found to be at 50% of normal functional capacity at time of diagnosis; reduction in function is generally found 10 to 12 years before diagnosis (2). Cases of diabetes mellitus 2 are...
Every year during archery and firearm hunting season, thousands of hunters go out for the big buck.  They enjoy the relaxation hunting gives and, if successful, the great meal white tailed deer in Michigan have to offer.  Since October 2008, hunters have had to become more precautious during deer hunting since Chronic Waste Disease (CWD) has become an issue for the lower peninsula of Michigan.  CWD is a brain and nervous system sickness that affects deer and elk (Frequently Asked, paragraph...
INTRODUCTION Studies have shown that only few landscape on earth surface remain unaltered or in their natural state and is due to immerse demographic pressure and anthropogenic activities (Zubair, 2006). Competition between species and human beings has been the leading cause of land cover change in the world. This factor is substantially verified by the conversion of forest land to other uses like farmlands for agriculture, industry urban development, infrastructure, recreation and...