Le Corbusier (1887-1965) is a Swiss-French architect; he is considered by many a pioneer of modern architecture. Le Corbusier's ambition is evident as he was an individual of many talents including painting, writing, and design. Le Corbusier's attitude towards the home, the objects of the home and the way in which this was expressed in his art and architecture will be discussed. By assessing the 'Five points in Architecture' used by Le Corbusier as a structural basis for much of his...
ABSTRACT      Tsunamis are new threat to lives, property, infrastructure located on the coastal are of the world's oceans. 2004 Tsunami deeply impacted the coast of Indonesia, Thailand, Sri Lanka and India. Aceh province in Indonesia is heavily affected coastal area due to Tsunami. Tsunami waves permanently devastated the shore by 1.5Kilometres inland and over 65 square Kilometres of land between Lhoknga Beach to Banda Aceh, which excludes some farmlands and the lowland...
History and Theory Essay: Architecture and Memory: Memorial to the Murdered Jews of EuropeFirst Page Quote"Abstract, open and inclusive memorial forms appear most often in instances where nations attempt to memorialise their own crimes. They seem to be capable of allowing both the perpetrating nation and its victims to express their histories in a single integrated monument, and thus to encapsulate a new unified post-conflict identity" (Elizabeth Strakosch)IntroductionThroughout...
Introduction Chapter 2 will provide a review of the development process of Environmental Impact Assessment Programs (EIAP) for buildings for different countries and different regions of the world as a reflection on the continuing evolution of building environmental assessment tools. This chapter includes two sections: the first section will present the initial structure and types for EIAP and will also compare some programs on their categories and weighting systems to anticipate the directions...
        This is a summary and description of the new assault and battle rifle variants of the FN SCAR rifle. These variants are the SCAR-L and the SCAR-H rifles. The abbreviation FN SCAR stands for Fabrique Nationale de Herstal SOF Combat Assault Rifle and is a modular rifle. A modular rifle is a rifle with the ability to add several attachments onto the rifle, usually on Picatinny rails which is the standard attachment rail for most firearms. This rifle...
The hydrological cycle is generally defined as the circulation of water from the ocean and land surfaces into the atmosphere and back again, creating an unlimited resource in global terms (Jones 1997). It is the largest circulation of matter in the atmosphere of the Earth and the ultimate recycling process. The system washes away waste products through rainfall and runoff and purifies by evaporation (ibid). The driving force of this process is the energy received by the sun. The ...
Introduction“The incorporation of major public art projects into regeneration schemes has become a key factor in rebranding a city's image” (Sharp et al, 2005:1012.) Public art is the same of any other piece of artwork. It is inclusionary and exclusionary and has a political, social and economic importance (Sharp et al, 2005). According to Sharp et al, “Public art is not simply art placed outside” it can be found in art galleries where the artwork is put on show for the...
The advancements in cutting-edge technology in recent years have been spectacular, as it consolidates our societal needs and business processes with science and its application. These technological evolutions have now described human activities as simplified systems with high rates of changes, which have raised significant concerns for society as a whole. The effects of these developments have greatly influenced every aspect of human endeavour - Education, Business structures, Social...
The vast majority of business organisations in today's industry recruit people to the role of managers. Managers are essential as each possess skills needed to keep the companies running smoothly and efficiently. In order for the managers to achieve this each are required to exhibit skills which will be discussed in this essay. There are several influential experts in management that each put forward theories of management and the reasons these should be used. These will be explored and applied...
Being born as the son of Brazil's Federal Prime Minister, Oscar Niemeyer was living in a Portuguese colonial style house with beautiful tropical setting: "a wide carriageway, neatly lined with tropical trees, that curves along the broad seawall looking out to the dome of Pao de Acuacar guarding the bay's mouth; lawn designed as formal gardens…" Niemeyer obsessed over the landscape of his motherland Brazil. No matter how different his house designs vary through time, the element of...