Antimicrobial peptidesIntroduction Cationic antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are gene-encoded peptides of the host defence system made up of 12-50 amino acids, with at least 2 positive charges conferred by lysine and arginine residues and about 50% hydrophobic amino acids (Hancock and Scott 2000). They are produced from gene transcription and ribosomal translation and often, further proteolytically processed (Zhoa 2003). The peptides are folded so that non-polar amino acid side-chains form a...
Contracting is emerging as a major common policy issue in developing countries (Cruz et al). It involves emulating private sector mechanisms within the public sector in order that public sector framework is maintained whilst deriving the benefits of private provision. Within such a framework, some public sector traits such as direct central planning, free provision and salaried public employees are exchanged with characteristics related to the private sector (McPake 1994). Hypothetically such...
In the following essay I will address Lévi-Strauss's use of the terms 'bricolage' and 'engineer'. Concentrating mainly on the first chapter of the book he wrote in 1962, 'The Savage Mind', I will explain my understanding of the use of these terms and the way in which he uses language structure as a basis for his findings. I will also look at the disparity he feels exists between 'myth' and 'science'. The use of the terms of 'bricolage' and 'engineer' can be quite ambiguous as...
Introduction 1. The Durand Line is a 2,450 km (1,519 mile) border between Afghanistan and Pakistan ranging from the spur of the Sarikol range in the north, to the Iranian border to the south-west . It is named after Sir Mortimer Durand, who in 1893, as a representative of the British-Indian government, had negotiated and concluded an agreement in Kabul with the ruler of Afghanistan .When Pakistan came into being in 1947, the Afghan government was quick to reject the Durand Line as the...
From 1920s until 1930s, the international style has gained its popularity globally, and it is expressed in all kinds of expressions, including the expression of volume rather than mass, where the spaces have more priority than the solidity of the building. There is also a stress on balance rather than symmetry, where the function of different parts of the building is arranged in balance, and the shape and form of the building is unlikely to be in symmetry. The international style also presents...
Why Noise Mapping? Mapping to Inform Noise Management Under the terms of the Environmental Noise Directive (END) a programme of actions on noise is set out for member states. These actions include the determination of noise exposure from the results of strategic noise mapping, actively informing the public about the noise maps, environmental noise and its effects and the adoption of noise action plans. The overall aim of Environmental Noise Directive is to prevent and reduce noise where...
BOOK REVIEWCAVALRY OF THE SKY, THE STORY OF US MARINE COMBAT HELICOPTERS, LYNN MONTROSS, HARPER & BROTHERS, NEW YORK, 1954, 270 PP 1. In order to gain victory in the pacific, United States had displayed one of the most dangerous weapons ever made, atomic bomb. The US Marine Corps realised that the devastating effects of atomic weapons called for new landing force procedures and equipment to replace those which had won so many decisive victories in WW II. They went ahead to utilise the third...
The purpose of this dissertation is to discuss and evaluate the pressure on development land in the South- East of England, and how that pressure relates to the need for sustainable architecture. The reasons for there being pressure on development land in the South-East of England will be described and analysed, as will any differences with the other regions of Britain. The reasons for setting aside or using the available development land and why sustainable architecture should be adopted in...
Explore the relationships between housingand health Introduction Historically, there has been recognised a directrelationship between substandard accommodation and poor health. The IndustrialRevolution in Britain resulted in low standard working-class housing beingbuilt quickly to meet this increase in demand for workers. Over-crowdeddwellings, inadequate sanitation and a proclivity to dispose of all forms ofwaste in cesspools, rivers and the street resulted in severe epidemics of...
Throughout the history of war some leaders have had the foresight to see beyond the conventional wisdom of their era & employ their forces in an unexpected manner, often with resounding success. King Henry V of England destroyed the army of King Charles VI of France at Agincourt with his innovative use of the long bow, which marked the demise of the mounted warrior in the West for over 500 years. Heinz Guderian's acceptance & refinement of the then-radical concepts of JFC Fuller &...