Modern medical technology has made it possible to extend the lives of many far beyond when they would have died in the past. Death, in modern times, often ensures a long and painful fall where one loses control both physically and emotionally. Some individuals embrace the time that modern technology buys them; while others find the loss of control overwhelming and frightening. They want their loved ones to remember them as they were not as they have become. Some even elect death to avoid...
Firstly what must be addressed is the problem of property. The difficulty is we don?¦t know what initial view of property Locke was using when he wrote his thesis. If we take the liberal view it means that Government is based on consent, monarchy and the rule of law. An alternative is the opinion of bourgeois property rights, meaning that property is given by natural rights and the government ultimately owns it. However, it is generally agreed today that the interpretation of property is the...
Are some taxation systems just and others not? Can free market rules be applied to them? Applying van Dun's theory from "The Logic of Law" (2009), Rothbard's claim of the impossibility of just taxation (Rothbard, 1982) shall be analysed along scenarios from setting up financing of a small business towards forced contribution to cooperate projects in reply to Hayek's challenge on progressive taxation where hey says that "redistribution by progressive taxation has come to be almost...
The prospect of intelligent life elsewhere in the Milky Way has been an idea of great debate, questioning and for some people even offense, for many centurys. As scientists accumulate data about our universe and improve the technologies that allow us to observe the galaxy, theories that support, as well as appose, the existence of intelligent life have arisen and continue to arise. Technologies such as the KEPLER space telescope, HARP spectrograph and galaxy simulation programming have allowed...
WHAT IS ETHICS: The word ethics refer to principles of behaviour that differentiate between what is right and what is wrong, and what is good and bad. Ethics basically resides within individuals and as such they are defined by each individual differently because what may be ethical for A may not be ethical for B. Ethics contain the standards of behaviour which our society accepts. Thus we say that Ethics has to do with what my feelings tell me what is right or wrong. Many a times ethics is...
The principle of double effect also called the doctrine of double effect normally applied in the medicine, palliative care and war fields is always invoked in order to explain the permission to carry out an action that can cause serious harm. This harm may include the death of human beings as a side effect otherwise aimed at promoting some good. This principle states that at certain times it is permissible to cause a harm as a side effect or double effect to bring about a desirable result....
Aristotle was the first of all polymaths and was known because he wrote about things such as sterility to the shape of seashells, poetry and art, and interpreting dreams. Aristotle is known as the founder of logic. Aristotle made possible our better understanding of the world to become more organized, when he separated human knowledge into individual categories. In an extinct Greek colony on the coast of Thrace named Stagirus, in 384 B.C., Aristotle was born. When his father passed away,...
When trying to understand human behaviour, many theorists and scientists describe the human being as an egocentric, self-centred being, guided by natural instincts to fulfil personal wants or needs. Human actions are motivated by a desire to maximise pleasure and avoid pain. Increasing our pleasure incorporates all our actions based on self-interest, while keeping away from pain constitutes all our actions taken to avoid fear (Abel, 1989). The one factor distinguishing man from other species on...
The scientific method is a way that allows us to justify scientific knowledge and decide whether the information we are given is reliable or not. So, what is reliable knowledge? In Scientific Thinking and the Scientific Method, Steven D. Schaferman mentions "Reliable Knowledge is knowledge that has a high probability of being true because its veracity has been justified by a reliable method." For example, people have their own knowledge and beliefs; however, not all people's knowledge...
Anargika Dharmapala in his quest to spread Buddhism in western civilisation, claimed that Buddhism is a scientific religion. A common perception is that between science and religion there can no common ground, but buddhism is more than that. Buddhism can be considered as the most scientific religion of all.. Thus my quest is to prove that Buddhism and modern sciences have a lot of convincing parallels to prove to the world that science and religion can have a common ground. All sciences have a...