Influence Of Doubt On Expansion Of Knowledge Philosophy

Essay add: 11-01-2017, 19:50   /   Views: 23

Science subjects either Natural Science or Human Science are the possible area of knowledge which follows a pattern in the growth of knowledge with the presence of uncertainty beyond any suspicion. In Natural Science area, yes, I believe presence of doubt is the key to knowledge. For example, in atomic model theory, Bohr state that electrons in atom move in shells around the nucleus which contains protons. But since he invent it, many scientists feel doubt with the law and try to argue and invent new law by the improvement of scientific revolutionary as they feel uncertain towards Bohr's result. For example, in Quantum Physical Models of atom, many scientists try to explain the concept in better way like Erwin Schrodinger who is "fascinated by this idea and approach the spectral phenomena that Bohr's failed to explain." [] James Chadwick also feels something is lack towards the model .He search for various of unanswered questions that relate to it. So he found Bohr's atomic model cannot be apply as new acquired knowledge is obtained and can be proven to work with the existence of new theory. He proved the existence of neutrons, the neutral particles in nucleus. The idea of certainty can lead to abundant of questions revolves on something. This shows that with doubt, it helps us in order to search for a new knowledge.

It also happened to me. In my real life situation, as an International Baccalaureate student, before starting on an experiment, hypothesis or expectation is made up to guess the result based on the existence knowledge that is theoretically proven by the experts. Somehow, at the beginning of the experiment, doubt may be influenced towards the hypothesis whether it does fit the result. Thus because of the doubt, experiment is conducted and it is such a progress towards a knowledge on knowing and proven something. The result that I gained in any experiments also always makes me feel doubt about its validity and certainty. Through the feeling of doubtful, further investigation is carried out to find the knowledge on it. Thus, to reduced uncertainty due to limitations, the experiment is conduct in many times and this lead to new knowledge by finding the truth of outcome by verify a certain hypothesis that had been form while reduce the feeling of doubt about the theory.

Apart from that, in human sciences, doubt also can influence as the key to knowledge. Humans will change, since human sciences are based on humans, all the theories behind it will have to be changed. For example, urbanization that created by human. "Urbanization is the degree increase in urban character or nature in which, combining of geographical area of urban and rural, and leads to the transformation of an individual locality to be more urban" [] . For example, in real life situation, Nigeria's major cities known as Port Harcourt has been undergo vigorous process of urbanization since 1913. This urbanization transformed the way of life of the indigenous enclaves and the standard of living which lead to the founding of the city. Through this process, doubt plays a role as the initiator on the study of urbanization. The study from researchers, concluded that "urbanization has indeed had both positive and negative impacts on the indigenous population and that there was reasonable agreement between subjective and objective impacts of urbanization" [] . From this, with the presence of doubt on urbanization that planned by humans, the actually can realized the goods and bad on it and it is such a progress of knowing something on expecting the consequences.

Politics in human science also cause uncertainties. Leaders in most countries consist of the leader or founder of the politic parties. For example, in Thailand, there is a political dispute between two parties. Based on what happened, I think, the leaders of each party have their own aims, issues, propaganda and planning of the direction of the country's flow. Therefore, that is not necessarily for the direction of the country's system will remain the same after the political changes during election. Thus, the uncertainties in the direction of country's administration and future planning will be available when the different leader takes over. These changes occur because of the implementation of political parties to lead the country which cause by doubt. Then, there is legislation that established to observe and control the direction of the progress of state. Doubt that created will be the key to knowledge as to reduce uncertainties. 

But somehow, doubt also does not always act as the key to knowledge. Knowledge also can be learnt through various processes. For example, with the presence of curiosity it also can be the key to knowledge. Curiosity is designed for progression or natural law of our being, and whoever retrogrades is acting contrary to his nature such as "exploration, investigation, and learning, through the observation in human. Strong curiosity is the main motivation of many scientists" [] . In fact, through the development of wonder and admiration, somehow curiosity can make a human become motivated to find the new foundation and reason on something and being expert in any certain field of knowledge. For example, James Newton and his law of gravitivity, he very felt curious why apple is falling down and not rising upward. Thus with the presence of curiosity of knowing something, through the process of basic scientific method, he observed and investigate, make generalization from the information gained to create a new theory about the behavior of things falling downward. Then, through the process of basic scientific method, he came out with Newton's law and the concept of gravity that we use until now. This shows that curiosity also play a role as a key to knowledge.

On our daily life, we can see that human behavior also use the sense of curiosity in order to know on something. For example, almost all the kids are feel curiosity towards anything surrounds them especially on something that they never know before. Through the presence of curiosity they tend to try anything that attracts them to know. Kids always attracted towards fire, feel curious and try to play with it. But, when they feel the hotness of the fire, then they know actually fire is not like what they think. Then they gained knowledge through their experience.

Anyhow, without thought of doubtful, true would forever elude us and play important role in our life especially to intervene something. Doubt is, however, something that we can take credit for in order to discover the true in any subjects, for example in Sciences field either natural or human sciences. "It is a natural human possession rather than something we can find out. From the genome, our mind is properly functional to have these functions as to feel doubtful, although there are some other factors which can act as the key to knowledge." [] From the argument above, we can conclude, somehow doubt is the key to knowledge to our daily life.

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