Shortly before he died, Saul Alinsky published a book, Rules for Radicals in 1971 in which he discussed his theory on means and ends. The theory of means and ends was covered in the book's second chapter. The main goal as to why Alinsky came up with that book was to enlighten the future community organizers that in bringing together the low-income communities, they can be empowered to gain political, social, and economic equality. According to him, this would be achieved by challenging the...
As the CEO of Teagasc, I wish to put a comprehensive programme in place to oversee experimental trials with GM potatoes in Oak Park, Carlow. The objective of these trials is to evaluate multiple GM potato lines for agronomic performance and efficacy to resist potato blight. According to a recent report published by our team at Oak Park, Irish losses due to this blight have been estimated at €15m per annum. The management of the fungus responsible (Phytophthora infestans) requires as...
Political thought is deeply divided about the relationship between the individual and the community. The problem of the reconciliation of autonomy and legitimate authority is a moral one. Either I possess and am obliged to maintain my authority or I am not. Either I am totally part of my community and am obliged to serve it or I am not. Nobody ever doubted that in order to submit to some sort of authority it is necessary to sacrifice some of a person's personal autonomy [] . However,...
The issue of terrorism and victimization should initially be viewed from two primary causes inherent in human nature and the human psyche, aggression and violence. The concept of aggression can be defined etymologically accordance with the interpretative dictionary of Oxford University as follows: hostile or violent behavior or attitude. It is that behavior that is intended to harm or even, according to Albert Bandura (1973) to injure or destroy personal property. Aggression comes from a...
Plato is one of the wide-ranging and influential authors in the history of philosophy. An Athenian citizen of high rights, he displays in his works his absorption in the political events and intellectual movements of his time, but the questions he raises are so profound and the strategies he uses for tackling them so richly suggestive and provocative that educated readers of nearly every period have in some way influenced by him, and in practically every age there have been philosophers who...
The existence of law is one thing; its merit or demerit is an-other. Whether it be or be not is one enquiry; whether it be or be not conformable to an assumed standard, is a different enquiry. A law, which actually exists, is a law, though we happen to dislike it, or though it vary from the text, by which we regulate our approbation and disapprobation. This truth, when formally announced as an abstract proposition, is so simple and glaring that it seems idle to insist upon it. But simple and...
After reading Anselm's Proslogion, a person could be convinced of the existence of a supreme being, based on the ontological argument he provides. Anselm claims that there exists a being that which nothing greater can be thought. He is referring to God and shows how the simple idea of God in one's mind proves that God exists because it is that which nothing greater can be thought. An idea that exists only in the mind and not in reality is not as great as an idea, which exists in both. Since God...
In today's world we cannot watch the news or read a newspaper without finding out about the war in the east or a murder in our own country. It seems that this world by time is becoming more a place of evil and despair. The problem of evil has become a serious problem in the world, which is also the one serious objection to the existence of God. In is summa theological, Thomas Aquinas could find only to objections regarding the existence of God, even though he tried to come up with more. One of...
It is hard to find the concept of human nature in this theory; because, there is much diversity in its account. Liberals, deal with individualism. The basic concept is that every man and woman has equal value in society. An individual comes first and priority is also given to an individual than to society. All values and moralities are bound to individuals. In classical liberal view for an individual, an individual is one single and independent figure. He/she is bound to its own subjective...
In works of Ancient Greek thinkers many great problems which and direct today development of psychological ideas are opened. In their explanations of genesis and soul structure three directions on which there was a search of those big spheres independent of the individual just like which it was treated microspace individual human soul are found out. The son of the sculptor and the midwife, Socrates, having got the general for Athenians of that time education, became the philosopher discussing...