Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten is a very significant figure in the philosophy of aesthetics, as he invented the word aesthetic as we know it in the modern day. Baumgarten defined aesthetics '...(as the theory of liberal arts, as inferior cognition, as the art of beautiful thinking and as the art of thinking analogous to reason) [and] is the science of sensual cognition' (Hammermeister, 2002: 7), thus creating a science of taste. Initially, in his first Critique, the Critique of Pure Reason...
How can the various ways of knowing help us to differentiate between something that is true and something that is believed to be true? In the above mentioned title, the knowledge claim is that we can distinguish between something that is true and something that is believed to be true with the help of different ways of knowing. The essay title is based on the concepts of truth and belief and the knowledge issues revolve around these concepts. For some piece of information to be "an...
Beliefs are things which an individual held opinions and convictions. Usually when you come from another country there is a difference on beliefs that at first seem a little hard to adapt to but time makes it easier to understand. I come from another country where there are things that are different but so many are similar. One of the differences I see here in Canada is that elderly people are most of the time placed in nursing homes. This is different than the country I come from because over...
However, the reality that we perceive seems to be contrary to scientific logic, if we bear in mind that matter hardly exists. The construction blocks of visible matter are atoms, which are merely small nuclei lost in the middle of a great spacial emptiness, surrounded by nearly invisible particles (electrons) that orbit them at magnificent speeds. If our bodies were to be put under a powerful microscope, what would be seen would probably be a sea of sand grains in perpetual motion. According to...
The topic of choice states that "there are no absolute distinctions between what is true and what is false". Because of the way that the world is today, as corrupt as it is, it is easily distinguished that this statement could, in fact, be true. Knowledge is defined as an "acquaintance or familiarity gained by sight, experience, or report"1. Each and every person has some knowledge about some subject or another, be it math, literature, science of any type, history, or...
Socratic irony is a technique used in the Socratic method of teaching. Irony is used when someone says something that conveys a message that contradicts the literal words. In the case of Socratic irony, Socrates might pretend to think his students wise or he might denigrate his own intelligence by pretending he is ignorant or that he does not know the answer. Socrates would pretend to be ignorant of the topic under discussion, to draw out the flaws in the arguments of his opponents. USE THE...
Lately, modern art has become very spiritual and non-representational, it has become about the process of making the artwork and not just the finished product. The 'theorist' of early modern art, Wassily Kandinsky, taught at the Bauhaus School of Art in Germany. His career was focused on searching for the meaning and purpose of art. Being an anarchist, he was strongly against governmental involvement and was for individualized thinking. Many of his theories have not only changed the direction...
In the Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes sets out to build his foundation of knowledge. To discover true knowledge, Descartes uses the Method of Doubt which states that he must "reject whatever is open to the slightest doubt"(p.138)1. In doing so, Descartes invokes the existence of an Evil Demon who is described to be "supremely powerful and cunning, and works as hard as he can to deceive me" (p.138)1. In this paper, I shall argue that Descartes would not think that...
The implication of the view of the self stated in "The Self and Substance Dualism" about the predicament of the central character of "The Lost Soul" is that the owner of the consciousness is immaterial. In beginning of the story "The Lost Soul", the main character couldn't remember his past. He believes that he was probably wandering around before he was taken to jail. He also believes that he is someone of importance and his family is very worried about him. He...
The Death Penalty traces the social history of capital punishment against the tumultuous background of class, racial, religious, and political conflict in America, from colonial times to present. The meaning and practice of capital punishment its function as civic ritual and communal act. Capital punishment has proven to have good benefits upon the country in determining the consequences those criminals deserve. The purpose of our entire criminal justice system is to protect the rights of...