The Sutras are built on a foundation of Samkhya philosophy. The division into the Eight Limbs (Sanskrit Ashtanga) of Yoga is reminiscent of Buddhas Noble Eightfold Path; inclusion of Brahmaviharas (Yoga Sutra 1:33) also shows Buddhisms influence on parts of the Sutras. In the Yoga Sutras, Patanjali prescribes adherence to eight "limbs" or steps (the sum of which constitute "Ashtanga Yoga", the title of the second chapter) to quiet ones mind and achieve kaivalya. The Yoga...
Andy Warhol said, "Art is what you can get away with," but is it really? Can you get away with selling a plain black canvas for 7 million dollars? Kasmir Malevich, a Russian artist from the 1920s did (Levin). When minimalism first appeared on the scene, critics were bedazzled. They did not know what to think of this new art form with extreme reductive tendencies ("Minimalism"). Most minimalist art is too reduced, too simple. It lacks the basic aesthetic qualities that make...
In this essay I shall be analysing whether the problem of evil produces damning evidence against the classical concept of theism, I will be focusing primarily on the three main monotheistic religions of Islam, Judaism and Christianity's concept of God. I will be observing the impact the problem of evil has on these classical theistic ideas and looking at the arguments both for and against as presented by philosophers both past and present. We shall observe specifically the logical problem of...
Is it ethical for a physician to participate in physician-assisted suicide when this practice clearly defies what is stated in the Hippocratic Oath? People look at their personal physician as a "healer" or "lifesaver" but what if the physician gave you the option to end your life in the situation of chronic, painful illness or injury? Would this cloud your opinion of them or would you still consider them to be helping us? Is it ethical to train physicians to assist in...
When asking ourselves whether it is morally permissible to commit suicide, we must first define suicide. There are three types of suicide, firstly knowingly endangering one's life. Secondly the act of intentionally terminating one's life, and finally intentionally bringing about one's death, either by actively terminating one's life, or by not taking the necessary steps to preserve it. This will therefore mean that sometimes we may find suicide morally permissible or impermissible, however it...
The Mayans originated in a region called Mesoamerica, or Middle America, which lies between Mexico and South America and was home to many other cultures including the Aztec, Olmec, Teotihuacan and Toltec. The Mayans used stelae, or stone monuments, to carve their civil events, calendars and astronomy knowledge. They also inscribed their religious beliefs and mythology on pottery. While they weren't the first civilization to ever use a calendar, they did devise separate calendars that lasted for...
We know that the sun is very important to us but the main question is why. We all understand that the sun supplies Earth with never ending energy that we use in multiple ways. The energy comes in as heat and light and we transform the energy in different ways to create electricity. But how is the energy created and how it gets to Earth? The formation of sun's energy lies within its core and radiates outward and travels out to Earth and the rest of the solar system. Our sun is the central part...
The extracellular matrix is a product composed of both structural and biological components. It is defined as the environment created by secreted cellular products of resident cells of a particular organ.1 The ECM communicates with cells to influence both cell behavior and matrix composition through mechanical and chemical signals. These signals influence the three dimensional matrix by changing the gene expression of cells to alter the surrounding ECM.1,2 Through this signaling, the structural...
The main strength of Prof. Dawkins is he linked the beauty of nature to a creator in order to justify why people think that there is a God. He says that the complexity of the earth has made the humans think about a God who existed in reality which to him is just ridiculous. As humans, we are usually tempted to believe that all these things on earth were made by someone because of our human nature. Since the stone ages, humans have been worshipping something to fulfill their inner desire. They...
To begin with, let's get clear that modern society is the product of deep human's thought. We all act and live within defined and established liberal-democratic rules, norms and beliefs with the core value of individual, which we are accustomed to perceive as something natural. However, who or what have improved values proclaimed by French Revolution at first? It is reasonably supposed that great thinkers worth to be called the primary source. Today, there is the attempt to draw analogues...