Induction is one of the inference methods that conclude from singular statements to universal statement. It was defined by David Hume in 18 century. Although induction is a useful method for inference, it still has some problems that the scientists worried about. This paper is to show the Hume's problem of induction and the view of difference authors. There are some factors that affect the processing of induction such as uncertainty and fallibility of human observation. It is important that...
He is a deontological philosopher of 17th century to whom good actions are those actions that are based on a good will regardless of the consequences it produces. As a good will is the only thing that is good in itself because of the goodness of the mind that chooses it. Health, wealth and friendship are things that are considered to be good but they are good only if they are accompanied by a good will. Actions based on a good will should also follow certain laws or maxims. Morally right...
The term leadership and management have been used by people interchangeably on many occasions when referring to people in power. However, these terms have different meaning and refer to different kinds of people. A leader is someone who sets a new direction or vision for a group of people to follow. He acts as the spearhead for the new direction. A manager, on the other hand, is a person who directs and controls a group of people and resources in an organization according to already established...
As mentioned in section 9, beyond the creation of game theory, von Neumann's and Morgenstern's Theory of Games gave two other main contributions to economic theory: It introduced into economics a number of new mathematical tools that added to the economist's traditional toolbox based on differential calculus and, more generally, prompted the so-called axiomatic approach to economic theory; Theory of Games provided an analysis of decisions under risk that will be later called expected utility...
This essay will discuss some of the main arguments presented by David Rothenberg. There will also be an in depth review of Rothenbergs deep ecological theory of music with an analysis of Arne Naess philosophy on which Rothenberg draws his own theory. I shall examine the reasons behind Rothenberg's believe that musicians should listen to the world and the notion that 'there is a way to learn from suddenness enabling us to make the most out of life' [] Leading on from this I will look...
The Prince, By Niccolo Machiavelli is a powerful and insightful look into the mind of a master politician who has an unreserved sense of honesty and bluntness that leaves the reader staggered with astonishment. Written by Machiavelli after his own political demise, the book takes a sincere and yet cynical position in construing his ideas. With the translation and annotation by Peter Constantine, The Prince is a masterpiece of literary work that is a classic without a doubt. The first modern...
Humans' ability to think, reason, and make independent decisions is a freedom that should not be taken for granted. Religious and scientific reasoning falls within the scope of this freedom and therefore invites serious debate, discussion, and emotional disagreement. Humans have the innate ability to believe in whatever they choose. This ability results in conflicting views among diverse cross-sections of the human race regarding debatable issues that affect humanity in general. The debate over...
In this world, everyone has an opinion and we would agree if I say that we are allowed to have them and to express them. However, when it comes to making a decision, people cannot escape from confusion. Confusion could lead someone to search for knowledge in order to make a decision. Therefore, in the search for gaining knowledge, many people will go and seek or depend on opinions of experts. When someone gets stuck into something, for instance, people who are in a research field, they inclined...
This essay will be broken into three section first I will discuss John Locke and empirical realism, secondly I will discuss George Berkeley and empirical idealism, and thirdly I will discuss David Hume and empirical skepticism. My aim in this paper will be to outline the three theories and show how their authors supported them. Locke's theory of the mind is looked at as the beginning of the modern conceptions of identity and self. Locke influenced later philosophers like Hume and Kant. Locke...
Good morning, ladies and gentlemen, it is great to be here with you all on this marvellous morning. I am here to convince all of you to oppose, stop and disengage from the cruel, detrimental and unnecessary animal testing. Do you know that the lipstick, the eyeshadow and the mascara we use to make ourselves look more attractive have poisoned hundreds of thousands of innocent animals? Do you know that the hairspray, the hair gel and the perfume we use to make ourselves look smarter have blinded...