The Link Between Nation & Sovereignty Compare and contrast the character of the state in two European countries with particular reference to the link between nation and sovereignty: from Britain, France, Germany, Russia, Italy and Spain. This paper compares and contrasts the character of the state as achieved by two European countries. In this paper, the two countries used for the purpose of analysis are France and Germany. Various countries follow a variety of policies that define the...
In James Cameron's blockbuster Avatar (2009), the audience is presented with a breathtaking 3-dimensional experience of the foreign planet Pandora. With the newly arrived military reserves, the colourful sightings of exotic plantations, native creatures and astounding landscapes are able to be explored. Governed and intimately connected by 'their goddess' and 'makers of all living things', Eywa; the balanced union between organisms and the environment is a prominent theme that frequently...
This essay will demonstrate that Social Contract Theory has heavily influenced modern rights theories, yet not exclusively. Rights for non-humans will be critiqued to demonstrate how other advocate theories have influenced how the nebulous 'rights theory' is analysed. First I shall discuss the background of modern theories of rights, then I shall argue that modern theories of rights are informed by extensions of social contract theory which will be supported by the analysis of the extension of...
This research tries to trace a number of key stages of awareness of the fundamental conflict between society and state, by looking through the theoretical concepts of the famous political thinkers. In the center of attention is the origin of the modern democracy, constitutionalism as a theoretical problem and its key concepts. Controversies of Hobbes and Locke on this issue create two poles of the subsequent theoretical thinking, especially during the Glorious Revolution of 1688. This logic is...
The War on Drugs was declared on June 17, 1971 by President Nixon, claiming at a press conference that drugs and their abuse are, "public enemy number one in the United States" (Frontline). Since that time, the War on Drugs has gone on to become the longest and most costly war in American history (Duke 15). The ever increasing expenditures, perceived infringement of constitutional rights, misinformation campaigns, imprisonments, and the seeming futility of the whole endeavor are...
Voltaire, one of the most renowned philosophers of his time, uses experiences, stories and events to show the literal meaning of optimism. As French born, Voltaire utilizes the conversations between Doctor Pangloss and Candide to portray this optimism, defined as a disposition to expect the best in all things. He does so throughout the book with Doctor Pangloss', who is the Candide's teacher, philosophy that the world they are part of is in fact the best of all possible worlds. Candid, the...
Is any version of the identity theory of mind acceptable? Identity theory argues that the mind is identical to the brain and that mental events are identical to brain events, ultimately the theory enlightens materialism in that everything is physical and to further precision it enlightens material monism in believing that only material substances and their states exist (K. T. Maslin, 2007, 65). To some extent it exemplifies physicalism that humans are fully material beings that can be explained...
The main old ethical value question that was and still triggering the Islamic mind is: what is right and what is good? Through the Islamic period many theories and argumentations arise to answer this question and to identify the origination of the ethical values. However, the most important and widespread argument was between two opposed schools of thought, namely the Mutazilites and the Ashari. The former believed that the ethical values have forms and exist in real life with total independent...
"If we look at their processes rather than their end products, science and art share so many ways of proceeding" Discuss Martin Kemp's statement with reference to specific examples (Martin Kemp. The Nature Book of Art and Science, p.4) Martin Kemp said: "If we look at their processes rather than their end products, science and art share so many ways of proceeding." He went on to say that these processes included "experimental testing and the presentation of a remade...
One of the most prominent learned person of science of the twentieth century was Thomas Samuel Kuhn (1922-1966). In particular, his book 'The Structure of Scientific Revolutions' is perhaps the most referred philosophical books of all time. The philosophy of science not only changed towards the doctrine of certain key positivist but it also got linked up with the history of sicence through the contributions of Kuhn. He proposed that science undergoes periods of fixed progress revised by...