The concept of "Induction" was always controversial and quite lot arguments have been stated both from its supporters and objectors throughout the history, and the discussion goes further and more complicated among the "pro-Inductionists" about the corresponding evidential values of explanation and prediction, i.e. which one carries more weight as an evidence for an hypothesis. Thus I am going to organize the remaining part of the essay as follows: First I am going to...
In 1989, JS Bell could write, 'Surely after 62 years we should have an exact formulation of some serious part of Quantum Mechanics.' [] In 2010, twenty one years later, only the elapsed time in Bell's critical remark needs updating. The 'real meaning' of Quantum Mechanics theory remains a current controversy with widely divergent philosophical hypotheses as to its ontological interpretation. The mathematical workings of Quantum Mechanics and their success in describing the behaviour...
The human sciences (such as anthropology, economics, sociology, etc.) seek out patterns, regularities and explanations in human behaviour, all the while trying to learn more about human nature. The natural sciences consisting of Biology, Chemistry and Physics involve the study of the physical world and its entire phenomenon's. However, human behaviour and physical phenomenon are quite often unpredictable and difficult to interpret due to our language, emotions and reasoning. And therefore we...
Conscience is defined as "the awareness of a moral or ethical aspect to one's conduct together with the urge to prefer right over wrong." From a Catholic understanding of conscience, this is an incomplete definition. The Catholic view of conscience involves the freedom of the human person, the teaching authority of the Church, and the search for truth (trying to make the right moral decision.) The Catechism of the Catholic Church defines conscience as "a judgment of reason...
Language is defined as anybody which can be written, spoken shown or otherwise communicated between people. It is method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way. Language is the most complex form of communication. Language problems are extremely complex, perhaps comparable with the complexities of human life itself. The importance of language is essential to every aspect and interaction in our everyday lives. We use...
Introduction Capital punishment, which some also call the death penalty, has been around in society for hundreds of years. Ever since it began, there have been discussions as to whether it is morally right, and as to whether it actually deters criminals. Some believe that the prospect of being put to death often stops criminals from committing violent acts. Others believe exactly the opposite, stating that those that commit violent crimes are driven to do so for various reasons, and whether...
Islam considers human life holy. Life is to be protected and promoted as much as possible. It is neither permitted in Islam to slay another individual, nor is even to kill one's own self (suicide) .Killing is permitted only in a confirmed war state when the rival comes to attack, then killing of the enemy is allowed for self-defense. The court of law may pass a death sentence against a being as a penalty for some crimes such as deliberate murder or other severe crimes. However, there is no...
Ideologies are a set of ideas, ways, thoughts, goals, expectations and actions that are shared within a community. It is made by a society that believes in the same goals, expectations, etc. Its purpose is to offer change in a society where the group belongs. It is a set of views that guides its members on how to see things. Literally, it means the science of ideas. Moreover, it is a set of ideas that characterize a certain group. In this paper, two famous ideologies will be compared. The...
Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher born in 1724 and died in 1804. His philosophical writings influenced people, not only in Europe but the world over. Centuries later, his works still form a major point of reference in studies carried out in the modern world. His writings were such that they brought a new dimension in religion, law and history. Among his many works was the 'Metaphysics of Morals' which form the basis for this paper. His view of morals is that our desires and emotions are...
Electronic surveillance has become part of our everyday life for quite some time by now. When we make a call to most service companies or organizations, we almost always hear the computer voice:" For...reason, this phone call is monitored...". When we go to work, turn on the computer, it says on the screen:" ...your activity is monitored...". Everywhere we look, we found surveillance cameras, on the street, in the mall, at school... We found them in the United States as...