Empirical evidence is defined as evidence relying on experience or observation alone often without due regard for system and theory [] . The meaning of the word empirical derives from the ancient Greek word for experience (εμπειρία), which means knowledge based on direct perception of things or events through our senses. Empirical evidence is necessary in all areas of knowledge, where empirical methods are generally used to a theory or derive a conclusion. Contrary to the...
Politics, have different meanings in every possible kind of ways. According to Robert Dahl in his book "Modern Political Analysis" explains some experts say that politic is a relationship that involves territory , power and ruler. He also explains that other expert say that politic is a relationship that's only involving territorial boundaries. And then He explains that other expert say that politics is a relationship in association to achieve power. Even politics are not always said...
Animal experimentation, the use of animals in research and development of techniques (surgical) or drugs, this is a scientific and ethical issue, with opinions being strong due to the high media component in the topic, here it will be discussed from an impartial point of view with both ethical and scientific issues being referred in both a historical point of view and recent views of animal ethics, and the laws that are shaping the way animals are used for experimental purposes. Animal...
Mythology involves sociological or even philosophical the studying of myths. Myths involve characters such as supernatural heroes or gods. Within sacred stories, the characters involved are priests and rulers. Myths have been used extensively in explanation of the world formation and establishment process of taboos, customs and institutions (Csapo, 2005). Scholars have been trying to explain myths in the past decades using theories. Claims by Euhemerism theory have demonstrated myths to be...
A paradigm can be defined as a set of shared assumptions about some aspect of the world. A research paradigm directs our approach towards research by defining the ontology and epistemology of our research. That is, a paradigm denotes its members shared premise regarding the nature of reality, the purpose of research and the form of knowledge it provides. (OATES, 2007:282; LEE, 2004:5) Lee (2004:5-6) notes that research paradigms can be separated by their various ontologies and epistemologies. A...
In this essay I would like to consider the economic impact of giving the death penalty over the life sentence. To begin with, death penalty - is allowed by law homicide capital punishment. In developed countries, death is always preceded by a long trial at different levels and as usual accused person has opportunity to appeal the sentence. As a rule, this leads to the fact that between sentencing and execution takes years or even decades. In some cases the death penalty could be commuted to...
From my own understanding, personality is relatively stable characteristics that distinguish one person from one another. Everyone has his or her own uniqueness, which is shaped by various factors such as biological, social, cultural and situational. I think the social and cultural are quite important here. Everyone cannot isolate the whole social environment. I think the family effect is a quite important force for shaping personality. For example, my parents are quite democratic and always...
The above statement is open to various interpretations, and none could be labelled "right" or "wrong." Interestingly, if intense research were to be carried out, the interpretations of the statement cover nearly all the branches of philosophy (Metaphysics, Epistemology, and etc). That is, one could interpret the statement to be questioning the objectivity (the outer real world that exists irrespective of our existence) and thus our very existence: for example, is this world...
It can be shown that Newtons non relativistic equations can be upgraded to full relativistic status by means of integrating the magnetic aspect of massive particles derived from deBroglie's hypothesis on the internal structure of localized photons and from Paul Marmet's remarkable exploration of the relation between the magnetic aspect of electrons and the contribution of this magnetic aspect to the electron rest mass and relativistic mass, which he termed the "magnetic mass". The...
Physician assisted-suicide is a personal decision which helps end a sufferings life. Physician assisted-suicide can affect a family physically and mentally. Physician-assisted suicide is the most common type of assisted suicide. Physician assisted-suicide or euthanasia describes any case in which a doctor gives a patient the means to carry out their own suicide. Thisÿmedical procedureÿis most commonly carried out on people withÿterminal illnesses. Physician assisted-suicide is a...