In order for us to understand something for example P, the standard traditional of knowledge is that P has to be true. A person cannot know a proposition that is false. Secondly a person has to belief it, you cannot know something unless you belief in it and thirdly, you have to be justified in believing it. This is the standard conditions of knowledge, justified true belief. If I vaguely believe in something without any strong belief, then that might not be enough for knowledge. For example if...
The Big Bang Theory has come about to be the widely accepted model for the formation of the Universe. Approximately 13 billion years ago, all of space and matter was contained in a single point which triggered a massive explosion, which came to be known as the Big Bang. From this explosion arose nebulae, embryonic matter which were responsible for the formation of various cosmic systems such as the solar system within the Universe. When a cloud of interstellar gas and volatile matter contracted...
The Enlightenment was a time period between 1650 and 1700, of new philosophies and scientific discoveries. Many philosophers had different views on government, human nature and equality. John Locke was an English philosopher, who believed that in natural rights and equality. He wrote essays regarding government, and the state of nature and he has impacted the world today. Thomas Hobbes was an English philosopher, who strongly believed in absolute forms of government and their total control...
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke applied fundamentally similar methodologies and presuppositions to create justifications for statehood; both have a belief in a universal natural law made known to man through the exercise of reason, which leads to political theories that define the rise of states. From beginning to end, Hobbes and Locke struggle to answer the essential question: Can sovereignty be divided? Though the two authors answer this question by going through the same processes, they begin...
In Information Management, we been thought about the relation between data, information, knowledge and wisdom, most of us, maybe who doesn't familiar with the information management courses or principle, they can't differentiate between data, information, knowledge and wisdom. Even these four components relate to each other's, but it barely has lots of differences between them. In this article, we will go through each one of the component that finally will eventually make up together as wisdom...
I would like to start my analysis by posing a few questions about this relationship to stimulate our thoughts. Are law and ethics identical or non-identical in Islam? Are ethics derived from law or is this relationship vice versa? Are they both derived from the same sources? If yes, then are they separate or do they supplement each other? What I found after my analysis is that law and ethics in Islam are complementary. They come from the same sources and they serve to complete each other like a...
The concept of falsification is paramount to validity the modern scientific process. Understanding the method and limitations of science is necessary in order to produce accurate science. As one is not able to escape one's own perception and reality, inductive reasoning is not sufficiently valid process to overcome the problem of induction. It is through this concept of falsification that one is able to determine if a hypothesis is valid. If something is not able to be proven false, it cannot...
Globalization and digital means of communication has brought different ideas, groups or societies where they stop being different and become more similar. Thus the emerging knowledge and technology has raised ethical, legal and societal issues with it. All over the world there is right laws which is recognized, is being violated either by the name of economic advancement, political stability, religious causes, or for a personal greed or interest. Similarly every business has products or...
That the objectivity of science is a meta-theoretical assumption has been realized. One must not confuse objectivity of science with the possibility of generalizing or totalizing that the model of the natural sciences supposedly enable. Generalization is undeniable and inevitable because categories which are used to understand and extrapolate meaning from human experience are definitionally universal. These categories tell investigators and laymen alike about the world through abstractions....
There seems to be a certain ambiguity contained within the topic itself, namely the subject of the topic we. When this word is used it could be referring to either individuals or the many individuals who together form societies and communities of similar belief systems. Regardless, the conjunction of the several ways of knowing provide us with the objective actuality of things; however, how we end up conceiving objective reality is inevitably molded by our presuppositions, which form an...