There was one day mom bought a couple of iguanas to be kept as pet. They were cute and adorable to me. I have seen their cousins in the wild at the Discovery Channel. When my sister came down the stairs and saw those two little green creatures, she started to scream and ran off to her room immediately after that. I knew that she was very squeamish towards the lizards. It makes me ponder. Why do different people have different view over the same thing? Are different ways of knowing make them...
The question of morality proves to be a complex interrogatory. Should I be moral? If I should be, then why? Why is morality important to society? An assumption can be made that morals derive from a purely religious perspective or the Golden Rule approach. We are told that it is right to be moral. This is an ineffective answer, since it does not apply to someone outside the moral circle (Olsen, 79). This in mind, there is really no way to prove this too a person who wants to know why...
What is happiness? Happiness is a way of engaging in the various activities of life. Can happiness allow people to live the 'good life'? Aristotle believed that happiness can allow people to live the 'good life'. This essay will be examining the ethics of Plato (428-347 BCE) and Aristotle (384-322 BCE) to analyse, justify and compare the major concepts of the two philosophers therein. I will argue that Aristotle's solution to the problem of the 'good life' is a better answer than Plato. It will...
There is a seeming lack of consistency in Nicomachean Ethics on what is required for human happiness. In the beginning of the book, Aristotle stated that, happiness requires both complete virtue and a complete life (Book I, 1100a), suggesting that happiness require all virtuous activities and all external goods that people pursue. However, further, in Book X of Nicomachean Ethics, he stated that contemplation is the only essence of human happiness as his argument develops. These two...
Coming from the side of the natural sciences, having a background in biology, I had little experience and knowledge with philosophy of education. I must admit that I first thought that tackling such a monumental study as the philosophical underpinnings of the educational process would be overwhelming. I was gladly surprised with how the things we studied during the course illustrated the inner workings of my educational practice and provided "validation" to various methods and...
Rather than comparing war to art we could more accurately compare it to commerce, which is also a conflict of human interests and activities; it is still closer to politics, which in turn may be considered as a kind of commerce on a larger scale" (Clausewitz, 1976 [1832]. On War, Book I, Chapter 3, p.202-203). War is the oldest form of competition between men. Many parallels between business and war can be found in the way people speak and think, in organization and leadership and in the...
Puritans believed that the Catholic Church needed to purify itself by going back to the root of Christianity. The Enlightenment sparked a movement questioning the fundamental aspects life through reason, science and progress, thus causing Deism to evolve. The two belief systems have radically different viewpoints and juxtapose each other in their views of God and human nature. The Puritans starkly contrast the Deists in every element of God and human nature, where Puritans view God as wrathful,...
About 35 years of age, Siddhartha Gautama sat under the shade of Bho tree to meditate, it was decided to meditate until he received enlightenment. Seven weeks after that, he received the Great Enlightenment : The Four Noble Truths and the. From that time, he was known as Buddha. The Middle Way is a philosophical idea and psychological causes and cure of suffering and evil. People should understand the four noble truths and follow the Eightfold Path, making them able to reach the complete state...
Over the history of philosophy, utilitarianism has been widely regarded as an influential and convincing approach to normative ethics. It would not be possible to dissect and thoroughly discuss the many varieties of utilitarian ethics instead I will attempt to discuss the theory in broader less distinctive terms, and in particular the views of prominent utilitarian theorists John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham. Utilitarianism is generally held to be the view that the morally right action is...
We begin by examining the nature of reality, especially some new discoveries in the area of science over the last two decades. These have helped us to understand more clearly how it comes that the mind creates its own realities. These discoveries explain the effects of visualizations, seeding, affirmations, the subconscious mind, intuition, dreams, concentration, beliefs, and other anomalies. For instance, let's look at the science of visualization; we will discover that visualization in our...