There are a number of arguments with regards to organ commodification, which is the subject of hot debate. I will purposefully be limiting the scope of the argument to kidneys, as kidneys are paired organs that can be safely removed with minimal impact to the health of the donor. Although this topic is heavily related to philosophical and ethical issues, I would first like to discuss certain relevant aspects of background information with regards to a few simple and basic economic concepts,...
This paper will discuss the moral permissibility and acceptability of passive euthanasia, especially with regard to active euthanasia. The aim of the paper is to argue for the thesis that passive euthanasia is morally acceptable under certain conditions.  I will present a defense of this thesis by defining its terms, distinguishing the various forms of euthanasia, especially between active and passive, as well as voluntary and non-voluntary euthanasia.  I will cite concrete cases and also...
Socrates occupies a foundational place in the world history. However in spite of this fact, he left no notes after him (Socrates). His ideas became known only due to the notes of his students. Among these works Plato's "The Apology" occupies an outstanding place. It he whom we are obliged for almost everything we know about Socrates today. Socrates spoke of God this way: he did not know whether he existed or not, but knew that his thoughts were all over around them. Soul and...
Out of the many things discussed regarding violence, one often overlooked aspect of it is where violent tendencies originate within a person and how it impacts a person's conscious connection to the rest of the world. It is a somewhat precarious matter to work out universally due to how inherent some cultures and religions are to an individual and how widely people's belief systems vary. What we hope to accomplish here is a way to unearth some common ground amongst beliefs and create a somewhat...
Central to critical thinking and education espoused by Israel Scheffler are the concepts of rationality, objectivity, and pragmatic realism. Scheffler's conception of rationality is normative; he views rationality as a mode of thought and action which all strive for (Sheffler, 1973) as opposed to a conception of rationality as descriptive which would suppose that rationality is a daily manifestation in our lives. Another interpretation that Scheffler provides to rationality is that it...
The Natural Sciences are also known to be unemotional or rationalized area of knowledge. Therefore it is important to doubt our emotions as using them as the sole way of knowing in the natural sciences. For example if we "feel" something is the correct solution to a problem in natural sciences, it is likely to be untrue. It is important to rationalize all the problems through research and experimentations and not merely follow intuition. Also having an emotional attachment to a belief...
It is already well-know in psychology and also in linguistics that the way we speak and formulate our thoughts influences or - according to some radical approaches - even determines what we think and how we think. It means that our mental and cognitive brain functions and mechanisms are highly in connection with our attitudes in speaking and our language. This theoretical question whether speaking and language determines or simply influences our thoughts has a rather long history in...
I understand the art of music as a creative form of expression, a body of sound frequencies that penetrates the human emotional aura, to achieve subjective comprehension, appreciation and enrichment. Through the study of emotion, perception and reason in music, I will support with evidence, the knowledge claim that art can be considered a lie that brings us closer to the truth.What is a lie?According to Encyclopedia Britannica, a lie is "the creation of a false and misleading...
John Locke, the British philosopher and physician, is considered to be one of the most prominent figures of the Age of Enlightenment; he is also sometimes referred to as the Father of Liberalism. Drawing on the philosophical principles of Francis Bacon, his predecessor, and the progress of contemporary natural science with what it could offer philosophy in terms of contributing to its progress John Locke developed the theory of empiricism that had a profound influence on French materialists of...
The secretary told me that Mr. Stillman wasnt going to be in all day but that Mr. Upshur would see me as soon as he was free. I sat down and waited for a few minutes, and Mr. Upshur came in, when he said he was Mr. Upshur, I knew he couldn't help me. He was colored, what could he do for anybody? (Brown, 1999, p. 75). This is an example of how Brown saw the role of a black man as powerless in the big scheme of things. He waited to see a white man in order to fix his problem, but when meeting his...