Numerous studies have been conducted of various facets of global warming, focusing on is global warming fact or fiction? If indeed that it is determined to be fact, what are the main causes of global warming? Is it due to man? Or is it mother nature? Or is it both? There are a lot of scientist on both sides of the fence in this matter. Some say that global warming is a hoax and does not exist, others say that it does exist, but it is not the fault of man, and yet others say that it is both man...
Everyone should want to live the "good life." Along with attaining the "good life" there are many definitions and interpretations of how to get there. People all around the world strive to live the "good life" each day. What may seem ordinary and boring to someone could be a dream or fantasy for someone who is less fortunate. There are two great days in a person's life- the day he is born and the day he discovers why he was born. In other words, when he discovers...
First, we must understand what the Socratic Method is, and how it applies to the notion that the unexamined life is not worth living. The Socratic Method is a process of questioning in which Socrates would have an opponent state a thesis and would then deconstruct their argument through the use of questioning and critical thinking. Better ideas are found by identifying and eliminating those that lead to contradictions. The Euthyphro offers a wonderful example of the application of this...
Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) was born in the Greek colony of Stagira in Macedonia. His father's name was Nicomachus, he was a learned person and a physician. Aristotle was brought up in a good atmosphere of learning under his father. Later, after the demise of his father, Aristotle went to Athens for studying under Plato. According to Aristotle, his works deal with theoretical sciences including his writings in physics, biology and astronomy. He also mentions his writing in practical sciences for...
Commodity fetishism, the gambit with which Marx opens his masterpiece Capital, is one of the most crucial aspects of Marxs approach to economics, politics and society. While it has prompted debates over whether it refers to petty commodity production or only to fully-developed capitalist societies, its basic structure is central to Marxist approaches across the board, from structuralism to Marxist-humanism to autonomia. It is thus important to examine the reasons for the centrality of the...
We begin our examination of Leibniz with the assumption that God, a supremely perfect being, exists. (Leibniz thought this could be proved by the ontological argument and other arguments, but we will not examine them here.) It is also assumed, contrary to Spinoza, that God's mind consists in a will and intellect, like the human mind. Descartes had claimed that it would be contradiction to suppose that God's will is determined to act in one way or another. God does not act out of a prior...
Starting a Nietzsche-reading with his first published book, The Birth of Tragedy out of the Spirit of Music, draws the attention to a significant feature of his writing style - a rather Socratic way of putting a question mark at the end of every idea. "From music? Music and tragedy? The Greeks and the Music of Tragedy? The Greeks and the art work of pessimism? The most successful, most beautiful, most envied people, those with the most encouraging style of life - the Greeks? How can this...
The concept of governmentality is a neologism used by Michel Foucault in his work on modern forms of political power. It is a term that combines government and 'rationality', suggesting a form of political analysis that focuses on the forms of knowledge that make objects visible and available for governing. In Foucault's terms, governmentality refers to a distinctive modality for exercising power, one which is not reducible to 'the state'. Governmentality is understood to work 'at a distance'...
This paper will explore the relationship between religion and morals. Specifically, this paper will explore whether or not one would need to be religious in order to have morals or whether it is possible to be a descent being regardless of having a religion. One may wonder what society would be like if people did not follow any sort of social moral code. Most likely, people would not feel guilt or feel resentment. For example, the moral obligation for remembering a birthday or anniversary,...
Moral concerns and ethical issues are raised every time new technologies are launched, since these create new possibilities for human action. New technologies bring about beneficial and also problematic outcomes. Hence, they need to be evaluated at each stage of a technology's development in such a way that they eliminate or minimize as much as possible negative effects. To be able to fully understand and define the negative effects, James Moor (1985) believes that one should think of ethical...