The flow of this paper will primarily be a series of inquiries on Rene Descartes' methodic doubt as a philosophical method which has become the foundation of his metaphysics. In other words, this paper will point out several inconsistencies in Rene Descartes' deductive process starting from its roots up to the conclusions he arrived at. In the Rene Descartes' Meditations of First Philosophy, he expounded the epistemological problems surrounding the scholastic tradition. He furthers his argument...
"How it is that anything so remarkable as a state of consciousness comes about as a result of irritating nervous tissue, is just as unaccountable as the appearance of Djin when Aladdin rubbed his lamp". (Huxley, 1866 cited in Popp and Belousov, 2003, p468). Understanding or attempting to understand 'consciousness' as a basic term in today's society is highly difficult and many psychologists have tried many times. It is stated that where there is a lack of mental states there is a lack...
Our society was built on the value of hard work and the benefits that are due from it. We believe that effort deserves success and bad behavior deserves punishment. We all live by a set of rules, and laws. We expect those laws to care for us in the sense that they will bring goodness and justice. In this paper, I will elaborate on situations where this is fitting; I will also discuss where there can be a deficiency of justice when people are rewarded in circumstances when they should not be. ...
At the beginning of the XX century, the science found that all materials are composed by minute particles called atoms. Although all of this was know it, was in this century when the scientist began to see a utility. This knowledge was more, and then, it could be possible to modify the structure of the molecules, to make plastic or polymers, for example. With these advances, the man had a big fascination to continue investigating more, looking for organic molecules inside our body. It was...
Why do so many people believe that Hell is this fire pit below us, and that God who is all love could create such a place? If this hell does exist, I am yet to find anybody that can confirm this theory. There are numerous versions of the bible, and I find it fascinating that this book of earthly law, written by man mind you, is so widely varied in different versions. While some believe Hell is below us, others believe we are in Hell. Religion states that Hell is a place for punishment, a place...
Utilitarians believe in achieving the highest degree of happiness for the most amount of people in society. They possess the characteristics of individualistic behaviors, consider the utility of the future, and each person's happiness is accounted for once (Flowers Ch. 2). The key to this perspective is happiness. In the audit dilemma a good accountant would find the need to maximize the happiness of the client. If not complying with GAAP was creating the most utility for their client and their...
Suicide is a subject that is not talked about often. Suicide does not only affect adults, but it affects teenagers as well. Suicide can happen to anyone. The age group that is most affected would be teenagers. A teenager would commit suicide due to something that has occurred in his or her life or because the teen is going through a series of emotions. Even though some teenagers may go through this dark side of life, teenage suicide can be prevented through knowledge on the topic and ways...
In order to explain why Ethnography is such a distinctive research method compared to any others when studying social deviance, we must first analyse all other types of methodologies such as: Interviews, questionnaires & documentary (reading). Despite the fact that the research methods above would result in findings related to social deviance, we have to ask ourselves if those findings would be as accurate as they possibly could. If say, we used the methodologies mentioned previously; we...
The father of Ontological arguments is often considered to be Anselm of Canterbury who was a monk and abbot of Bec in Normandy, and Archbishop of Canterbury from 1093 to 1109. Anselm when discussing topics with his pupils mainly focused on the nature and the existence of God. Throughout history there have been many disagreements over whether Anselm's argument is sound and actually valid. Perhaps one of the more famous counter arguments against Anselm's famous Proslogion II is that of Gaunilo....
Relativism is the philosophical idea that a person's views and beliefs are valid and relative to them. This includes religious, cultural, and moral positions, as well as political thoughts. The idea states that these things are relative to something else, whether it is biological makeup or language. The different views that all types of different people possess create different types of Relativistic views. The concept of relativism can be traced back to the Greek sophist, Protagoras. He...