Plato belonged to the era of the city-state, the time period when allegiances were sworn to the state. And the Greek city-state, at Plato's time was faced with the dilemma created by the moral challenge presented by the group of thinkers known as the Sophists. The Sophists' were trying to create a new creed, where the objectivity existing in morality was being replaced by a subjective value system. Their claim was that each man was a measure of his or her own self [] and therefore...
As follows from the outline of the history of creativity, the research in this field has been going on, in various forms, for many centuries. In the course of time, many opinions on, and many theories of, creativity have been put forward. The theories can be categorized as Cognitive theories, whereby creativity is a cognitive process in which mental structures and constructs are used Behaviorist theories, dealing with the associative and behaviorist character of creative ideas Personality...
Virtue ethics were conceived by Aristotle around 325BC, and are discussed throughout his major work of Nicomachean Ethics. Aristotle studied in Athens under Plato, whose influence can be seen in the direct contrast of Aristotle to many of the Platonian approaches. Aristotle built on the foundations laid by Plato and Socrates when covering the ideas of virtue and virtue ethics. Virtue ethics are concerned with the 'best' way to achieve a state of eudemonia (flourishing), and are as such...
It is said that there are 6 Areas of knowledge that we are able to access through the four ways of knowing: Emotion, Reason, Language and sense perception. However, I believe there is a step necessary before even using the ways of knowing in a fruitful way. Someone needs to doubt something before he can use all ways of knowing to his advantage. Doubt is the key to knowledge because it gives birth to curiosity. A small dose of doubt can lead us to investigate the basis of the claims we doubt and...
Albert Einstein stated in 1929 that We followers of Spinoza see God in the wonderful order and lawfulness of all that exists and in its soul as it reveals itself in man and animal and in 1947 that My views are near to those of Spinoza: admiration for the beauty of and belief in the logical simplicity of the order and harmony which we can grasp humbly and only imperfectly… Discuss Baruch Spinoza's perception of God, how he described and explained this God, and whether you concur with...
People are aware most of the time that certain act is a right thing, but still they stick to their wrong action. However, they do not wish to be seen as wrong doer. How much time we spend to decide what is right and wrong. We sit on judgment all the time and form different opinion about a person which may not be correct. We call something right or wrong according to whether or not it helps achieve our moral values. But it is difficult to enforce what is right or wrong on others. There are no...
Traditionally power has been understood as an authority that one exercises over the other. This authority is a singular body generally in the form of a state with a sovereign power that rules over different socio-economic-political spaces. Politics exists in nature and between any two entities. Between these two elements one is always superior and the other inferior. I decipher from Aristotle's Politics that human beings and the associations between them are formed to achieve something good....
Some qualifications that make a math video a good lesson rather than a bad lesson would be for the video maker to first show what they are trying to teach step by step (neatly) with an example that is easy to understand and list rules if any are needed for the objective, for them to then gradually go on with a harder problem and show how that problem would be solved. Objective 1) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tZwJU4wDWYs Video 1                In this video the person showed...
The Critical Legal Studies (CLS) movement came to the fore in the United States (US) in the 1970's. This movement is a body of like-minded thinkers who claim to attack the virtues that they say are proclaimed by the liberal legal system. It is a radical theoretical movement which rejects the distinction between law and politics and the notion that law can be neutral and value free. The movement proposes the integration of law and social theory. Since the Critical Legal Studies movement is...
No final consensus has been reached on how to define the concept of 'public policy', nor on how to practice public policies. Numerous philosophers and practitioners have contributed to conceptualizing a shared understanding of public policy, although several diverging ideas can still be identified. For example, one distinction is between those who have focused on the outcome of public policies (utilitarians like John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham, and pragmatists like Nicolas Machiavelli and...