Since time immemorial, knowledge has been a source of inspiration, an object of infatuation and veneration. In the modern world, knowledge has become indispensible. However, the more knowledge becomes indispensable, the more distorted it becomes, by emotion, beliefs and bias. There are two types of knowledge, Subjective and Objective. The former is distorted by emotion or personal bias and the latter is free from it. In this essay I will analyse the effect of personality on various ways of...
The concept of retribution as basis of penalty is very antiquated. Long before codes, statutes and laws which impose penalties for specific wrongdoings, a preview of what retributive justice can be gleaned from the bible, under the principle of "an eye for an eye", thus:  "Anyone who strikes down any other human being will be put to death....
Criminal activity and delinquency have been around since the beginning of civilization. The bible records that the first homicide took place thousands of years ago. Governments and authorities have exhausted avenue after avenue to try and protect the health of society, but peace is still something hoped for. The justice system of the Unites States aims to deter, stop and prevent crime. Retribution, rehabilitation, deterrence, incapacitation and restoration are the avenues that are used to...
'Human nature' is a terminology that classifies the thinking, actions and feelings of a human being as very distinct natural characteristics. Some of western philosophy's most important questions being; what are human characteristics? What causes them and how does the causation work? How fixed is human nature? A good human life, philosophers say, is one that is in accordance with nature, which is, thinking, feeling and acting in a particular way (Heidegger 2009). Rene Descartes, a French...
What is social influence? Social influence is the change in behaviour that one person causes in another, intentionally or unintentionally, as a result of the way the changed person perceives themselves in relationship to the influencer, other people and society in general. Types of social influence on behaviour are a very interesting and an important topic in social psychology. It goes on to show us that even though individuals might consider themselves to possess qualities of uniqueness, when...
Decisions that imply a conscious, deliberate selection are of a totally and compltely different kind. this implies that we tend to measure attainable alternatives and so choose one. Evaluations that we tend to use may vary from trivial, or fairly easy to terribly sophisticated or complicated. we could face decisions that imply easy alternatives. To stay with the instance above, whereas the choice to get dressed is mechanical, that of a way to dress, i.e., what garments to put on, is not. The...
Most modern philosophers of the Mind claim to be working on the assumption that Physicalism is true. There are, however, difficulties in making precise what they mean by this. Explain these problems. Are there any insoluble problems with Physicalism as a philosophical position? I posit that physicalism attempts to uphold scientific truth in the realm of philosophy, however it is an incomplete argument and cannot be true. Physicalism as defined by Crane and Mellor is, "Everything is...
Generally, something is true when it can be perceived by our senses from sources to result, a consequence from the action taken is true as long as it occurs in reality. Meanwhile, something is believed to be true is when it cannot perceive by the senses at present correspond to reality or, the sources did not occur in reality even though the result from the action is real. The ways of knowing is the key to consider something that is true or believed to be true, while one's imagination could be...
Those of reasonable and understand the concept of reasoning could construct Social Contract which will provide them a better life than in state of nature which is made of two rule ; renounce the rights against each other in state of nature and agree to build a society, and inspire an authoritative one or a group of people to implement the contract. It could be better said that they have to come out of the state of nature before entering in to the current contract. The application of it should...
This research paper discusses designer babies and the science of creating a designer baby. It talks about in-vitro fertilization, SNPs, a success story of crating a designer baby and shows where designer babies stand in today's society. This paper also contains some evidence of ethnic beliefs on designer babies and truly how far some parents will go to get a child that they want. It emphasizes how close we are to successfully creating a one hundred percent designer baby as well as what hinders...