Locke believes that a persons identity is not in the brain but in their consciousness. He states that a man be, and at the same time not be, the person that did a particular action (Feinberg 377). I interpret this statement with the opinion that simply performing an action doesn't matter as long as the memory of that action isn't there. One could burglarize a bank or rob a person and as long as they didn't believe it happened then any wrong doing would be released. Another idea is that if one...
Bhagavadgeeta is a part of the Indian epic Mahabharata. Mahabharatha is the war between good and bad. In this war arjuna is in ethical dilemma to kill his own relatives. Then Lord Krishna prepares him for the battle by teaching him some principles of action which constituted bhagavadgeeta. The Lord tells Arjuna that each one should do his duty according to his nature, and that doing duty that is suited to one's nature in the right spirit of detachment will lead to perfection. Bhagavadgeeta also...
In The Concept of Mind, Gilbert Ryle argues that Descartes makes a category-mistake by thinking that there is something called 'mind' over and above a person's behavioral dispositions. My purpose in this essay is to show that Ryle is correct in asserting that Descartes, and many others after him, are guilty of a major category-mistake. I intend to show that Ryle is correct by elucidating what a category-mistake is, and how it arises from the misuse or inability to use certain items of...
Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals "In the case of what it is to be morally good, it is not enough that it conform to the moral law but it must be done for the sake of the moral law." (Kant 4:390) Emmanuel Kant posited the above in his preface to the Groundwork, as well as countless additional times all through his moral works. Kant believed that only the motivation or the reason of duty circumvents leading by sheer accident to the performance of deeds which are...
In the mid 1940s innovative developments in the field of science and philosophy resulted in a new branch of ethics called as "Computer Ethics" or "Information ethics". It has grown over the years and it can be seen as a union of library and information science, computer Ethics including cybernetics, business, internet and many more. The American scholar Norbert Wiener, a professor of mathematics and Engineering was the founder of this new philosophical field. He joined with...
The question of the existence of God is one of the fundamental questions of the mankind. Different people in different ages wanted to get the answer to this question and they spent years searching for different arguments to support their positions. Thomas Aquinas gave his proofs of the existence of God. Saint Thomas Aquinas is Catholic Priest who is famous for his philosophical and theological works. The school of Thomistic theology is based on his theological views. Thomas Aquinas is...
A basic belief for most people is the idea that we believe in something which has not been corrupted by other beliefs to change the core belief we initially have about certain things. They are not inferred from other beliefs and is known better as Foundationalism. From this is the idea of a basic empirical belief, a belief that is learned by observing it using our empirical knowledge; sight, hearing, touch etc. To try and understand beliefs more clearly and to grasp what knowledge is without...
From my experience, the goal of science is to build knowledge and understanding, regardless of how it is eventually applied. As students, we all learned the elementary version of the scientific method while working in chemistry labs. We learned to trust science, science is accurate. Some scientists and philosophers have tried to draw a line between "hard" sciences (e.g., chemistry and physics) and "soft" ones (e.g., psychology and sociology). The thinking was that hard...
The philosophy of ethics and morality and the subsequent normative question of how should we live are by no means recent inquiries. The differentiation of right and wrong, good and bad has been defined variously over the ages by those who apply it. In many instances it is the prevailing ideology at the time that shapes our understanding of such concepts. Morality and ethics used to be defined by religious principles, nowadays it has given way to capitalist discourse and defined by the bottom...
If it is the case that human reasoning is best evaluated within a context-sensitive consequentialist framework as I have argued in the previous chapter, what does this suggest for the study of human reasoning and rationality? I think there are implications for the way in which cognitive psychologists and philosophers conceive of some of the most important questions within the rationality debate. In particular, I would like to focus here on the main implications that the adoption of the proposed...