Probability theory is the branch of mathematics concerned with analysis of random phenomenon. Probability is the measure of how likely an event is. It studies the possible outcomes of given events together with the outcomes' relative likelihoods and distributions. In common usage, the word "probability" is used to mean the chance that a particular event (or set of events) will occur expressed on a linear scale from 0 (impossibility) to 1 (certainty), also expressed as a percentage...
The distinction between truth and false is often perceived as an easy distinction to make, like a yes or no question. If you lie about something for example, then what you are saying is false, if you tell the truth then it is true. This is one of many misconceptions in life; the complexity behind the absolute distinction between truths and falsities is immense. How can an idea be judged to be true or false? One might say that a correct fact is true and an incorrect statement is false though the...
Knowledge is a subject with many interesting characteristics. For instance, it is handed down from one generation to the next and in this way can survive for thousands of years. This handing on can happen in many different ways, be it a father telling his son, folk songs narrating stories, written on scrolls or a certain sequence of zeros and ones on a computer drive. But knowledge not only duplicates but it multiplies. Marie Freifrau von Ebner-Eschenbach, a German author who lived around the...
In the current essay I would like to make an analysis of one of the U.S. terroristic organization - so-called "Army of God". I would like to consider what aims this organization wants to achieve, what methods it uses and how our society relates to this organization. As a matter of fact terrorism - is a policy, based on the systematic use of terror. The word "terror" is a synonymous to the words "violence", "intimidation" and "fear". In the U.S....
In order to answer my first question I would like to say that YES ethical leadership will always pay off in the long run as it is the base and the roots of every person and business. To be ethical is, to be honest, moral and disciplined. The word ethics is resultant from the Greek word ethos, referring to a person's primary orientation toward life. The Latin conversion of ethos is "mos, moris," from which comes the English statement moral. In Roman times, the emphasis shifted from...
The field of ethics has been in existence for a long time. This field of moral philosophy is an important guide to morality and living conduct that will not cause harm to others. Today the questions of ethics revolve around such things as abortion, sex outside marriage, pornography, euthanasia and environmental pollution. All these are questions of ethical behavior. Singer is one of the most influential utilitarian ethicist of the 21st centaury. Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that states...
Utilitarianism is focused on maximizing utility within society. Therefore, a good accountant under the utilitarian perspective would mainly be concerned with whether or not utility is being maximized by whatever means the company is using. Under utilitarianism, the means by which something is done is not important as long as the end result is congruent with maximizing utility or another particular value. An accounting stance that might be considered unethical in other situations may be...
The Atomic Theory was composed by many famous scientists. Here I will name some of the scientists; John Dalton, J.J. Thompson, Ernest Rutherford, Isaac Newton, Albert Einstein, Neils Bohr, Louis de Brogilie, or Erwin Schrodinger. They used different theories to explain the Atomic Theory. The Atomic Theory is a theory of the nature of matter, which states that matter is composed of discrete units called atoms, as opposed to the obsolete notion that matter could be divided into any arbitrarily...
Euthanasia, which comes from the Greek words eu meaning well or goodly and thanatos meaning death, literally means good death. Can death really be considered good? To those suffering from agonizing pain with no hope of ever getting better some believe it can. Euthanasia is currently understood to mean the killing of one individual by another by act or omission with the intent of ending suffering. Euthanasia is broken down into voluntary, involuntary and non-voluntary categories and into sub...
This paper explores the recent growth of surveillance within the UK and also the US in the last twenty years. It mainly concentrates on state sponsored surveillance; with the notion that Bentham's Panopticon has been utilized to instil a constant surveillance proving Foucault's theory, that to be visible is to be vulnerable. The growing advancements in technology have meant that a 'surveillance society' is plausible, yet the threat of this society is not necessarily completely understood by...