Overall, the utilitarian perspective is a form of consequentialism which states that an action is morally correct provided that it improves total utility of society. Therefore, this differs from deontological perspective which states that the morality of an action is based on the consequences, rather than the reasonableness of the actions themselves. From a public perspective, the most ethical action is the one that maximizes utility after summing each individual's utility as a result of the...
A comparison of the hyper-realist charm of Chantal Akerman's feminist films, (in particular, Jeanne Dielman, 23, quai du Commerce, 1080 Bruxelles) with a woman's masochistic fantasies of Louis Bunuel's Belle de Jour. Jeanne Dielman, 23, quai du Commerce, 1080 Bruxelles with the Louis Bunuel's Belle de Jour. A woman's masochistic fantasies, created by men The Problematics of Women and Surrealism "The problem of woman is the most marvellous and disturbing problem in all the world."...
In searching for an example of what is considered sublime by Immanuel Kant and Kenneth Burke in the Los Angeles Times, it would be difficult to overlook the devastating earthquake and subsequent tsunami that hit Japan on March 11, 2011. This recent disaster encompasses the characteristics considered by both as embodying the profound illogic that typifies such an event:...
When trying to evaluate whether witchcraft is a phenomenon of hatred or healing, it is firstly important to define the term 'witchcraft'. Hendry uses three points in 'An Introduction to Social Anthropology' to identify witchcraft which are 'a psychic power', 'often hereditary' and 'may be unconscious'. These points are not a definition as such, but rather elements to distinguish between witchcraft and sorcery. Hendry notes that until the groundbreaking work of Evans-Pritchard witchcraft and...
Descartes' Meditations are a search for the 'First Principles' of Philosophy. In order for the Meditator to achieve an understanding of the principles of Philosophy, the Meditator must be certain that what they believe to be true, can in no way in their own mind be wrong. Hence, Descartes' use of the 'Method of Doubt' which is used as "…an attempt to get the meditator to put aside his pre-critical sensory oriented picture of the world" [] through the use of four stages,...
The aim of this paper is to reconcile Plato's doctrine that "no one does wrong willingly" presented throughout his works with the story of Leontius which suggests wrong can be done willingly. I will do this by attempting to explain how Leontius is still congruent with Plato's doctrine, followed up by an examination of the arguments using Galen Strawson's ideas on moral responsibility. From here, I will then consider the implication that incongruency may be inevitable, and I will...
Perception. "Sometimes Im confused by what is really obvious. But what I think is really obvious, obviously isnt obvious..." was exuded by Michael Stipe, an American singer and songwriter in 1960. This statement can be very plausible and true to Stipe and me but may not be to a billion others, there is a very simple answer to it, and that is our knowledge. The question is how do we gain this knowledge and that is through the four different ways of knowing, language, perception,...
By definition, genetic engineering is the altering of the genetic structure of an organism by artificial means, to obtain the most desirable traits. Despite the numerous bioethical issues, scientists are constantly on the lookout for ways to improve human qualities such as intelligence, physical abilities, aesthetic appeal, or resistance to certain detrimental substances. There are many who feel that human need and compulsion is far more dominant than one's obligation to adhere to strict...
In assessing the success of any libertarian theories of justice we must first note that the very concept of justice is itself a nebulous and contentious issue with which people will rarely have exact or consistent views. However what the libertarian attempts to do is to begin from an indubitable set of principles which will appeal to our intuitions and on the basis of these values to develop an unambiguous and succinct theory of justice. This single most important principle of libertarian...
Isaac Newton was born on January 4, 1643(Before the Gregorian calendar, his birthday was December, 25, 1642), in Woolsthorpe Manor, Lincolnshire. His parents were a poor yeoman, who was also named Isaac, and Hanna. Newton was born prematurely and was said to be small enough to fit into a quart pot. His father had died before he was born, and was very illiterate. Not much is known about him; except for his death did not come unexpected, as he had written his will just a few days before his...