"Searle is arguing that a computer couldn't understand Chinese". Is this the right way to describe the view that Searle is arguing for in "Minds, Brains, and Programs"? If not, why not? In his Chinese Room argument, Searle observes that if manipulating Chinese symbols according to formal rules is insufficient for the person to understand Chinese, it is also insufficient for a computer to understand Chinese-both are engaging in "mindless" symbol manipulation....
Plato, Homer, Lucretius and Virgil are one of the most important philosophers of ancient times till our days, they relatively changed the sciences and philosophy, bestowing us with the basis to all the studies we are learning about and learning from today. During this analysis we see the link between the roman civilization and the Greek civilization. Plato's "The Republic" written at around 380 BC is a text that describes in a Socratic dialogue what is just and what is unjust. It is...
To know that you are alive is to be able to think and process logical thoughts. There is a phrase in one of the video showed in class during Wednesday lecture and I noticed this sentence "Without awareness, we are not truly alive." Clones generally would not be able to feel. They are more like a mindless zombie. Clones are created for some other special purposes because they could not feel the reality. Unlike clones, human beings are able to feel, think, and process thoughts. Humans...
Introduction There are an uncountable number of topics that students are expected to cover each year in school. For example, they are expected to learn about right triangles, similar triangles, and polygons. We expect them to learn about angles, lines, and graphs. One of the topics that almost every high school geometry student learns about is the Pythagorean Theorem. When asked what the Pythagorean Theorem is, students will often state that a2+b2=c2 where a, b, and c are sides of a right...
When I chose to enroll in university, did I act freely? There is one of three acceptable stances to take on this question. The two extreme stances are hard determinism and libertarianism, the third is compatibilism which is somewhere in between. Hard determinism is the stance that every event is caused by previous events, dating back to before birth. Using this information in conjunction with the laws of nature, every event is sure to happen and predictable. Therefore, no free will exists. A...
Plato in the republic argues what nature of the ideal POLIS would be like. Unlike Athens where the entire male citizens participate in the political process, political participation is limited to the philosopher king. He created distinction between democracy and aristocracy. The distrust in democracy was that it is otherwise a mob rule and a characteristic of a degenerating society. The philosopher kings who have been trained and vase in various forms of knowledge would produce the best...
Introduction Ethics, in Greek language means morals. In fact, ethics is defined as the reflection on what is moral Ethical theories deal with the question of how human beings ought to behave in relation to one another. (Dontigney, 2012 They attempt to systemize, defend and recommend concepts of right and wrong behaviour. They can be applied both individually and on a bigger scale like in companies. Different companies make their decisions based on various sets of theories. These...
What is Kant's puzzle over the possibility of geometrical knowledge, and might transcendental idealism help to solve it? Geometrical knowledge is the knowledge of Euclidean Geometry, which is basic geometrical truths such as "the internal angles of a triangle add up to 180 degrees", "a square is a quadrilateral with four sides of equal length" or "a straight line is the shortest distance between two points". Kant had a problem with this kind of knowledge because it...
In this essay, I will discuss a business situation of company x and identify the ethical implications. Company x operates as a rest home and provides hospital facilities to elderly citizens. I will discuss two ethical theories and apply those theories in the business situation. These theories are Utilitarianism and Kantian moral theory. We will also provide recommendation based on Kantian theory to the company. Company x operates as a rest home and hospital for elderly citizens of Nelson. It...
One of the most significant concepts which people learn from childhood to adulthood is the value of life. What is more, it is probably not an overstatement that the preciousness of life is taught in most places such as school, home, and religious places. However, people have also questioned themselves about their moral code of life: what decision should they make when one becomes terminally ill? To illustrate this situation, a patient has been suffering from appalling diseases such as AIDS,...