In his paper "A Non-utilitarian Approach to Punishment", H. J. McCloskey argues that a utilitarian account of punishment 'dictates unjust punishments which are unacceptable to the common moral consciousness' (239). In your paper, (a) outline the argument McCloskey provides for this conclusion and (b) raise two objections to his argument. If you support his argument, then respond to the objections that you or other critics mount. The concept of a just punishment is captivating and is...
In Richard P. Bentall's article A Proposal to Classify Happiness as a Psychiatric Disorder, Bentall suggests that happiness should be classified as a psychiatric disorder that should be instated into common usage of psychiatric diagnosis for the benefit future generations of psychologists. He believes he has evidence that supports this claim. He trusts that happiness is actually abnormal, has a specific set of indicators, is connected to cognitive deformity, and concerns revelations of the...
Rene Descartes was born in 1596 in France while the scientific revolution was in full swing and changing the long held beliefs about the nature of the world and the universe. Descartes was an epistemologist believing "the philosophic study of what knowledge is and how we come to know something" (Dr.Bell). Descartes is also noted to be a rationalist who takes an "epistemological position that holds that knowledge primarily comes from the workings of the rational mind"...
This literature appraises animal rights in the animal research profession. This will administer assistance on my proposed research that challenges whether there exists one significant factor that enables an individual to find animal research acceptable. Animal rights concepts (some of which are included in this review) can justify whether animal research should be permitted, inspecting them is crucial to my research ambition. My proposed research is interesting to me because of my participation...
Groundhog Day is one of those rare films that has been entirely embraced as a cultural artifact by Western society. Roger Ebert says; "... there are a few films, and this is one of them, that burrow into our memories and become reference points. When you find yourself needing the phrase 'this is like Groundhog Day' to explain how you feel, a movie has accomplished something." As a term it has been absorbed into popular speech, as observed by Ryan Gilbey; "It's everywhere - in...
Although the term racism usually denotes race-based prejudice, violence, dislike, discrimination, or oppression, the term can also have varying and contested definitions. Racialism is a related term, sometimes intended to avoid these negative meanings. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, racism is a belief or ideology that all members of each racial group possess characteristics or abilities specific to that race, especially to distinguish it as being either superior or inferior to...
Hilary Kornblith Kornblith has two main questions that he seeks to tackle in his book Inductive Inference and Its Natural Ground. They are: What is the world that we may know it? And, what we that we may know the world?[1] The book is set up in two parts, the first pertaining to the first question and the second being tackled in the later half. The book explores the claim that inductive knowledge is possible and inductive inference is reliable, indeed Kornblith states this explicitly at the...
There are many complicated halachos regarding keeping a kosher kitchen on shabbos. Without realizing it, a person can violate Halacha while preparing the Friday night or shabbos afternoon meal. With all the various ways of preparing food, only a few are acceptable on shabbos. Rebbe Hai Hagoan believes that the are based on the actual work done during the time of the Mishkan and therefore prohibited on shabbos. The first complex pertaining...
Today, over 99% of countries have computers. It becomes a major accessory in human being. In order to have more usage of computer, people implement 'eyes' (video camera) for the computer. One of its functions is to communication between people. For example, net meeting, Skype, distance learning etc. Secondly, it can be used to capture and monitoring a specific place like CCTV. Nowadays, video camera on a computer can be like human eyes. It can identify objects, recognise roads, data...
Gay marriage has been one of the most controversial subjects in the American 21st Century. Different opinions about whether it's immoral, wrong, and illogical by religious leaders and those who oppose it have cast a black shadow on homosexuals and their supporters. Arguments such as gay marriage will undermine the institution of marriage, marriage is for having children, and gay couples are simply unnatural are some of the most common arguments against the marriage of gay couples. But is the...