The problem of demarcation has long preoccupied philosophers of science who wished to differentiate pseudo-science from science itself. Many solutions have been attempted, but it is still, in my opinion, Popper's falsfiability which addresses the demarcation problem most effectively. This paper will therefore argue for a revised use of falsifiability as a criterion of demarcation. To argue this point, a clear explanation of Popper's falsfiability criterion will be attempted, as well as an...
Moral relativism is a common response to the deepest conflicts we face in our ethical lives. At present, we are still unable to come to a consensus on many ethical issues. The seemingly perpetual and intractable debate on the permissibility of abortion, euthanasia and cloning are perfect examples of the immense ethical conflicts we face. At this point, many people resort to moral relativism, saying that all the varying views on moral issues prove that morality is entirely relative to an...
Today in this fast paced world of technology, bio medical science has stamped its authority to a great effect. One such example to support my above statement is the "HUMAN CLONING". Human cloning basically refers to the asexual reproduction of a new human organism that is, at all stages of development, genetically virtually identical to a currently existing or previously existing human being. It can be achieved by introducing the nuclear material of a human somatic cell (donor) into...
Crito is and will always be an important writing, it promotes perseverance and it shows changes in the way we see education from back then till now. Socrates single handily changed the point of view of people back then and for generations to come. Socrates faced extreme opposition for his beliefs and was punished heavily for it, a punishment that took his life. You may ask yourself what believe is this, which made him so worthy of the death penalty? He was accused of corrupting the minds of...
Cyber technology can be defined as "A range of computing and information/communication technologies, from standalone computer systems to privately owned computer networks to the internet" (Tavani). This technology has evolved over the last two decades and it now forms a very integral part of our day to day life. We have employed this technology for a Varity of applications from banking, defence, education, research, medicine in the office and whole lot of other applications to...
William James (1842-1910) was one of America's most notable philosophers, however, his work went beyond the boundaries of philosophy (Schick & Vaughn 2009). Born in New York City to a theologian father and the elder brother of famed novelist Henry James, James spent much of his youth studying religion and writing his thoughts on the subject matter with a "lively, clear style that seems more suitable to a novel that a philosophical treatise" (2009), which doesn't seem all that...
The concept of justice, by and large, refers to a group of universally accepted principles that help humans, irrespective of their societies and cultures, in deciding between right and wrong. Justice is one of the four traditional virtues of traditional moral philosophy, the other three being prudence, temperance and courage (Kamtekar, 2001, P 27 to 45). Concepts like charity, faith, and hope are on the other hand considered the three religious virtues of moral philosophy (Kamtekar, 2001, P 27...
At some point in everyones life they are faced with the question what should I do. But do we really know that the decision that we are making is the right one. Some will rely on their religion to tell them what the right and wrong is. Others will follow the law, and do what the government tells them to do. But what really is the right way to do things, who figures out what is morally right and how to do things. There really is no order out in the world there was just one person that said to...
Poverty is the state of people who do not have a certain amount of income to achieve the basic needs. Peoples buying power is not enough to pay their basic need from food. In the article Peter Singer's to ground the conclusion that it is morally wrong not to donate time and money to aid agencies. In Singer's analogy it is stated that not saving a child who is sold by a woman, and the woman will get a thousand dollar. The woman knows that boy would be killed but not to save him. This is morally...
"The Qualities of the Prince," the most notable treatise written by Niccolo Machiavelli in 1513, instructs the Medicis, the rulers of Italy, to save Italy from the rapacious invasion of France and Spain. In "The Qualities of the Prince," Machiavelli proposes qualities that princes should acquire in order to sustain authority such as to have a balance between being feared and loved, assuming that a prince righteously possesses the power to control the people. Along with these...