Hedonism is the philosophy that actions are done solely to produce the greatest amount of pleasure, while trying to avoid pain at all costs. There are some who follow the idea of hedonism, but there are many who reject it. Robert Nozick objects hedonism, and uses the example of an experience machine to support his thought. Briefly, the experience machine is a made up idea that a hedonist would abide by, but a regular person would see the downfalls of only having pleasure. A hedonist is one who...
In a crime scene, a blood from a person who is not the victim is found on the location and the blood sample is diagnosed. Then we found a person who has similar DNA sequence with the diagnosed blood. With this knowledge, it is a very high probability up to 99.99% that the person with the same DNA sequence is the doer. What does 99.99% means? In other words, 99.99% is equal to 1 person in 10000 and how many people on earth it corresponds to? Science never proves anything to be absolutely 100%...
Some say quest for knowledge is a quest for certainty. Some equate knowledge to reliable information. As a knower in pursuit of knowledge, I often strive to distinguish between truth and falsehood. However, are there absolute distinctions between what is true and what is false, if there is any distinction to begin with? For the purpose of this essay, an underlying assumption- truth and falsehood actually exists and are contrasting ideas would be made. Without this assumption, it implies that...
The subjects of truth and deception are things that concerns everyone in the world, also it something everyone wants to find out. The search for the truth is basically what life revolves around, whether it is finding out the truth about yourself (e.g. your personality), in science or perhaps of other people; the truth is something everyone wants to know. My experience is that the truth is hard to find, for example when in an argument with people the truth always lays midways. There are no...
Since the invitation of the term of 'positivism' in the late eighteenth century, this concept has been widely used and discussed. This method stresses on the use of quantitative evidence and is mostly used in the study of natural objects. As positivism provides people with a method to avoid speculation but to make scientific and reasonable prediction by the study of hard facts and scientific knowledge, the method is more and more used in the study of human society. The application of positivism...
Daoism is the reverse and opposite with Confucianism. Actually Diaosim is a religion in which people separate himself from World, Society and live himself in the very small community in a very simple way. Followers never attaché themselves in any political affairs. These people keep just away from worldly issues .These people follows the Doctrine of Wei-Wei in which they know what to do and how to act. In Confucisum the people believe in peace and harmony buy by doing it they are...
10. A model is a simplified representation of some aspect of the world. In what ways may models help or hinder the search for knowledge? Models as representations of one or another aspect of the world are applied in a vast number of areas. There are many types of models in numerous areas of knowledge including the natural sciences and mathematics. Models are valuable tools, though sometimes imperfect, that help us in the search for knowledge. Models are not only visual representations but also...
The epistemic standing of understanding has been of great interest in recent times, specifically because of the thesis that a positive answer may be given for the final value problem in the case of understanding(Elgin (1996) Kvanvig(2003), Pritchard(2009) ) ; something that does not seem to be the case for knowledge. Further , there has also been debate on whether understanding is a subset , or a special kind of knowledge ( For example, Grimm(2010) suggests that understanding is like know how);...
Throughout our class of advance perception processes we have discussed for many occasion human vision and perception. Referring to Enn he stated that it is more accurate to refer to human perception as a "construction project" rather than as a faithful record. Many studies with illusory pictures or Fraser's spiral and Sheppard tables have proven this statement to be true. In other words it has been proven that our eyes are not like a camera and are not a faithful record of the light...
Everyone has at least one best friend, some maybe even more. There are also those people who are just friends and also arch enemies. People may think that just because they are your friends means that they are your best friend. The thing is, even though they are your friend, the relationship between a best friend and a friend is different. Either way regardless of arch enemies, friends or best friends, there are not many ways to compare any of these different types of friends, but you can...