An abortion is the removal of an embryo or fetus from the uterus in order to end a pregnancy (dictionary.com). In American abortion is a very big deal, some people are for it and some people are against it. People who are against abortion, are called pro-life they believe abortion is wrong and sinful, and in their eyes if you have an abortion you are murdering a baby. People who are for abortion, or dont see abortion as something wrong, are called pro-choice, they believe that a women should be...
In this essay, I want to discuss two philosophers, John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham and present a critique of their versions of utilitarianism. According to the Cambridge International Dictionary of English, it defines utilitarianism as "the system of thought which states that the best action or decision in a particular situation is the one which most benefits the most people "To further understand the concept, I feel that it's necessary to study the background of two philosophers...
The idea of personal identity is a concept we are consciously living but one we are never quite aware of. Our actions are determined by the anticipation of our future pleasures and future pains. This anticipation is shaped by instances in our past where a particular behavior or action on our part creates a result that we find desirable or undesirable. Our soul is that underlying thread that makes a connection between a situation we are faced with in our present lives to what we have lived...
The hard problem of consciousness is the problem of experience - explaining how our brains merge the connection between physical sensations and experience, how and why it is these physical systems are matters of our experience. How sensations acquire characteristics, like taste and colors. Chalmers contrasts the hard problem with the 'easy problems' of explaining the ability to discriminate, integrate information, report mental states, focus attention, etc. Regardless of how difficult they...
Murder is the crime of intentionally causing the death of another human being, without lawful excuse. The definition of murder was given in the case of Chris Rwakasisi, Elias Wanyama v Uganda (1991) UGSC 2. The appellants where indicted for 16 counts of murder and kidnapping with intent to murder. The justices of the supreme court defined murder thus "…….It consists of the unlawful act or omission of one person, which causes the death of another person with malice aforethought. The...
What is a life saving treatment that can possibly cure the human race of all the most devastating diseases? The answer is stem cell research. The possibilities of this cure can only come through with support. You might ask, what is stem cell research? As you read further, we will discuss how stem cell research can be the miracle heal for mankind and why many religions consider it to be against God's will. Although there are many pros and cons surrounding the issues of stem cell research, we can...
The ethical theory utilitarianism is a way of making ethical decisions that can benefit others, "what is the right thing to do?" Being able to determine the consequence of a specific action that has the best outcome for the greatest number of people is ethically right. But, how do you compare between the happiness of a whole town against the abuse and neglect of one? There are two types of utilitarianism; act and rule. Act utilitarianism refers to the above definition; it is an...
Fact-finding is an important activity in system investigation. In this stage, the functioning of the system is to be understood by the system analyst to design the proposed system. Various methods are used for this and these are known as fact-finding techniques. The analyst needs to fully understand the current system. The analyst needs data about the requirements and demands of the project undertaken and the techniques employed to gather this data are known as fact-finding techniques. Various...
All the defenses only have an evidential burden i.e. the defendant (D) has the burden of raising the defense with evidence in order to make it a live issue but the prosecution has burden to negative the defense. (2) Origin All the defenses have their origins in common law and are common law defenses. (3) Full Defense All the defenses offer a complete defense i.e. if the defense is accepted D is acquitted. (4) Intoxication In the application of all the defenses, any evidence of voluntary...
In this essay, I will evaluate an excerpt from Richard P. Bentall's article "A proposal to classify happiness as a psychiatric disorder." Bentall argues that happiness is no different from depression or schizophrenia and therefore should also be classified as a psychiatric disorder. In order to make his argument, he uses facts known about other symptoms of psychiatric disorders and compares them to those experienced during happiness. In review, he shows that happiness is...